FATAL LOVE OF KHARKIV WOMEN
The article is devoted to the cultural study of the life and work of two famous Kharkiv women who lived and worked in Kharkiv in the second half of the XIX - first half of the XX century - Eulalia Pavlovna Kadmina and Anna Yakivna Brovar, better known as Anna Mar. The article updates the biography of Eulalia Kadmina, analyzes her creative path, emphasizes the prominent personalities of that time who had a great influence on the life of the artist (such as: Nikolai Grigoryevich Rubinstein, Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky, Alexandra Dormidontovna Alexandrova-Kochetova). The article mentions the life stories of other famous women of that time - Elizaveta Dormidontivna Lavrovska, Oleksandra Valerianivna Panayeva-Kartsova, Emilia Karlivna Pavlovska. The reproduction of the image of Eulalia Pavlovna Kadmina in literature is studied, in particular in the novel "After Death" by Ivan Turgenev, in the story "Theatrical Character" by Nikolai Leskov, in the story "The Last Debut" by Alexander Kuprin and others. The author of the article researches the biography of Anna Yakivna Brovar (Anna Mar), analyzes her stories that were published in magazines of that time. Anna Mar's early works are autobiographical, the main characters of her early works are young women, lonely, disorganized, half-hungry, dreaming of love, a meeting with a courageous and good man. The fascination with Buddhism, and later the conversion to Catholicism, was reflected in the subsequent works of Anna Mar. A separate series of works is dedicated to the activities of the Polish House of Kharkiv, a public and cultural center created by the Polish community of Kharkiv. At this time, she chose European decadence and symbolism as aesthetic and spiritual landmarks. Lyrical miniatures become an artistic form of her works. The main themes of the writer's works in recent years are loneliness, death and suicide.
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