Keywords: identity, national identity, identity politics, constructivism


The concept of identity and identity politics through the prism of the constructivist approach is considered. It is found out that the issue of national identity is becoming topical in the context of globalization. It is determined that the mechanism of identity protection at the level of nation-states is the formation and implementation of identity politics by government institutions.

It is noted that, despite the absence of a unified approach to the study and analysis of identity and identity politics, the constructivist paradigm is one of the most powerful modern tools for studying these phenomena. The interdisciplinary nature of the concept of identity, its borrowing from social psychology and further development within political science, philosophy, sociology are highlighted.  

The polysemy of the concept of identity is identified. The features of the phenomena of identity and identity politics in the theories of researchers-constructivists are highlighted. The discursive nature of identity, in particular national ones, is defined. It is determined that the identity appears as a product of short-lived discourses that are struggling for power.

The role of national governments in constructing identity and implementation of the identity politics is emphasized. The goals of the institutions of power in the context of identity politics are substantiated.

The significance of the opposition «We – They», «friend – enemy» in the identity politics is substantiated. The role of symbols, rituals, mass ceremonies within the identity politics, which is a component of symbolic politics, is established. It is proved that the identity politics is based on the development of cultural meanings, in particular historical, geographical and other data, national memory, collective myths, as well as taking into account the specific context, indicating the constructed nature of identity and implementation of the relevant politics.


Download data is not yet available.

Author Biography

Yana Sychova, Ivan Franko National University of Lviv, 1, Universytetska St., Lviv, 79000, Ukraine

PhD Student, Department of Theory and History of Political Science.


Tajfel, Henri and Turner, John C. 2004. “The Social Identity Theory of Intergroup Behaviour”. In: John T. Jost and Jim Sidanius (Eds.), Political Psychology: Key Readings. New York: Psychology Press: 367-390.

Minenkov, G. 2005. “Identity Politics: a View of Modern Social Theory”, Political Science, 6: 21-38. (in Russian)

Brubaker, R., Cooper, F. 2010. “Beyond 'Identity'”. In: І. Gerasimov, M. Mogilner, A. Semenov (Eds.), Myths and mistakes in the study of the empire and nationalism. Moscow: New Publisher: 131-192 (in Russian).

Billig, Michael. 1995. Banal Nationalism. London: Sage Publications Ltd.

Castells, Manuel. 2003. The Power of Identity: The Information Age: Economy, Society, and Culture. Hoboken: Blackwell Publishers.

Kozlovets, M. 2009. The Phenomenon of National Identity: Challenges of Globalization. Zhytomyr: Publishing House of Zhytomyr Ivan Franko State University (in Ukrainian)

Anderson, Benedict. 2001. Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origin and Spread of Nationalism. Kyiv: Critique (in Ukrainian).

Price, Monroe. 2000. Television, Telecommunications and Transition: Law, Society and National Identity. Moscow: Faculty of Journalism of Lomonosov Moscow State University (in Russian).

Lukina, Anastasia. 2006. “Technologies of Production and Approval of National Identity”. In: V. Maguna (Eds.), Civil, Ethnic and Religious Identities in Modern Russia. Moscow: Publishing House of the Institute of Sociology of Russian Academy of Sciences: 233-252 (in Russian)

Bhabha, Homi. 2004. The Location of Culture. Abingdon: Routledge.

Miller, A. 1997. “On the Discursive Nature of Nationalism”, Pro Et Contra 2 (4): 141-152 (in Russian)

Michel Foucault: the Order of Discourse. Lecture. URL: (in Russian)

Gigauri, D. 2015. “Symbolic Measurements of Identity Politics”. URL: (in Russian)

Potseluev, S. 1999. “Symbolic Politics: Constellation of Concepts for the Approach to the Problem», Policy. Political studies 5: 62-75 (in Russian).

Potseluev, S. 2012. “Symbolic Politics: to the History of the Concept”: In: O. Malinova (Eds.), Symbolic Politics. Moscow: Institute of Scientific Information on Social Sciences of the Russian Academy of Sciences: 17-53 (in Russian).

Dubrovskaya, T. 2015. “'I Was The First Westerner, The Only English Person': Discursive Construction of National Identity”. URL: (in Russian).

Lukina, A. 2004. “New Approaches to the Study of National Identity”, Art History and Cultural Studies. URL: (in Russian)

Woodward, Kath. 2003. Understanding Identity. London: Bloomsbury Publishing.

How to Cite
Sychova, Y. (2021). IDENTITY AND IDENTITY POLITICS: CONCEPTUALIZATION OF PHENOMENA THROUGH THE PRISM OF CONSTRUCTIVISM. The Journal of V.N. Karazin Kharkiv National University. Issues of Political Science, 40, 14-20.