Energy efficiency: a necessity or an end in itself?
The article considers the issues of ensuring energy efficiency from the standpoint of reducing the energy intensity of Ukraine’s GDP. The purpose of the article is to study the impact of the consumption of various types of fuel and energy resources on the formation of the nominal value of Ukraine’s GDP, taking into account national characteristics, the level of economic development and the availability of its own raw material base, as well as providing the economic basis for the country's independence and the welfare of the population. The task is to study the dependence of the nominal GDP on the consumption of various types of fuel and energy resources. The results were obtained: it was found that having enough coal and nuclear energy among the fuel and energy resources, the national economy of Ukraine is very dependent on oil and natural gas exports. The supply of these energy resources is carried out mainly from Russia or through intermediaries to other countries, which does not fundamentally change the origin of these energy resources. The lack of diversification of sources of fuel and energy resources threatens the country's energy security and independence. An analytical dependence of the nominal GDP on the consumption of various types of fuel and energy resources is obtained, which is described by the multiple regression equation and is adequate by the criteria of mathematical statistics. Conclusions: the resulting equation indicates that Ukraine’s GDP is directly proportional to the consumption of coal and nuclear energy and inversely proportional to the consumption of oil, oil products and natural gas. The solution to the problem of reducing the energy intensity of GDP should be carried out with a simultaneous increase in GDP, and not just a decrease in the consumption of fuel and energy resources.
Valovyj vnutrishnij produkt [Gross Domestic Product]. www.seosait.com. Retrieved from: https://seosait.com/dinamika-vvp-ukrainy-s-2002-po-2016-gody/ (in Ukrainian).
Galasjuk V. V. (2019). Strukturna transformatsiia ekonomiky Ukrainy yak peredumova yevrointehratsii ta pryskorenoho ekonomichnoho rozvytku [Structural transformation of the Ukrainian economy as a precondition for european integration and accelerated economic growth]. Vcheni zapysky: KNEU. Vyp. 20. S. 113-121 (in Ukrainian).
Dejna A. Ju. (2018). Energetychna nezalezhnist Ukrainy: statystychna ocinka, modeljuvannja ta prognozuvannja [Energy independence of Ukraine: statistical estimation, modeling and forecasting]. Extended abstract of candidate’s thesis. Kyiv: The State. Statistics Service of Ukraine. National Academy of statistics, accounting and auditing (in Ukrainian).
Drobot Ja. V. (2012). Energetychne pytannja jak odna zi skladovyh ekonomichnoi' kryzy v Ukrai'ni [Energy issue as one of the components of economic crisis in Ukraine]. Visnyk Dnipropetrovs'kogo universytetu. Serija «Ekonomika» - Bulletin of the Dnipropetrovsk University. «Economics» Series, 6 (3), Vol. 20, 10/1, 11-22 (in Ukrainian).
Energojemnist VVP [GDP energy consumption]. www.wikipedia.org. Retrieved from: https://uk.wikipedia.org/wiki/Energojemnist'_VVP (in Ukrainian).
Energetychnyj balans Ukrainy [Energy balance of Ukraine]. www.ukrstat.gov.ua. Retrieved from: http://www.ukrstat.gov.ua/operativ/menu/menu_u/energ.htm (in Ukrainian).
Energetychna strategija Ukrainy na period do 2030 roku ta podalshu perspektyvu [Ukraine's Energy Strategy for the Period to 2030 and the Future]. www.kmu.gov.ua. Retrieved from: http://www.kmu.gov.ua/control/uk/publish/article?art_id=32299946 (in Ukrainian).
Zaverbnyj A. S. (2019). Ekonomichna polityka Ukrainy v sferi energetyky v umovah jevrointegracii [Economic Policy of Ukraine in the Field of Energy in the Conditions of European Integration]. Extended abstract of Doctor’s thesis. Lviv: Lviv Polytechnic University (in Ukrainian).
Kostin Ju. D., Pustovyi O. D., (2014). Energozberezhennja ta energoefektyvnist: osnovni naprjamy rozvytku mashynobudivnogo kompleksu v rynkovyh umovah [Energy Saving and Energy Efficiency: Basic Directions for Development of Machine-Building Complex in Market Conditions]. Energosberezhenye. Energetyka. Energoaudyt – Energy Saving. Energy. Energy audit, 9, 10-19. Retrieved from: http://nbuv.gov.ua/UJRN/ecee_2014_9_3 (in Ukrainian).
Krutogors'kyj Ja. V. (2017). Mehanizm stymuljuvannja vprovadzhennja tehnologij energozberezhennja na promyslovyh pidpryjemstvah [Mechanism of stimulation of introduction of energy-saving technologies at industrial enterprises]. Extended abstract of candidate’s thesis. Kramators'k (in Ukrainian).
Litvinov O. S. (2004). Faktory ta stymuly reguljuvannja energojemnosti produkcii promyslovogo pidpryjemstva [Factors and incentives for regulating the energy intensity of industrial production]. Candidate’s thesis. Odessa: Odessa State Economic University (in Ukrainian).
Maljarenko O. Je. (2008). Pro metodologiju rozrobky program energoefektyvnosti ta energozberezhennja i nedoliky pry ih stvorenni [About the methodology of development of programs of energy efficiency and energy saving and shortcomings in their creation]. Probl. zag. energetyky – Problems of general energetics, 18, 66-72 (in Ukrainian).
Podolec R. Z. (2005). Efektyvnist ta optymizacija energetychnogo balansu Ukrainy [Efficiency and optimization of the energy balance of Ukraine]. Candidate’s thesis. Kyiv: NAS of Ukraine, Institute of Economics prognostication (in Ukrainian).
Babenko V., Koniaieva Y. (2019). Prospects for improving technology in non-conventional energy development. Visnik of V. N. Karazin Kharkiv National University. Chap. International Relations. Economics. Country Studies. Tourism (IRECST), vol. 9, рр. 92-99. doi: 24.26565/2310B9513B2019B9B11
Rozporjadzhennja Kabinetu ministriv Ukrainy № 605-r vid 18.08.2017 «Pro shvalennja Energetychnoi strategii Ukrai'ny na period do 2035 roku «Bezpeka, energoefektyvnist, konkurentospromozhnist» [Decree of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine № 605-r from 18.08.2017 «On approval of the Energy Strategy of Ukraine for the period up to 2035 «Security, energy efficiency, competitiveness»]. www.zakon.rada.gov.ua. Retrieved from: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/605-2017-%D1%80 (in Ukrainian).
Babenko, V., Sidorov, V., Koniaieva, Y., Kysliuk, L. (2019). Features in scientific and technical cooperation in the field of non-conventional renewable energy. Global Journal of Environmental Science and Management, 5(Special issue), pp. 105-112. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.22034/gjesm.2019.05.SI.12
Suhodolja O. M. (2006). Teoretyko-metodologichni zasady mehanizmiv derzhavnogo upravlinnja formuvannjam energoefektyvnoi ekonomiky Ukrainy [Theoretical and methodological foundations of the mechanisms of state management of the formation of the energy-efficient economy of Ukraine]. Doctor’s thesis. Kyiv: National Academy of Public Administration under the President of Ukraine. (in Ukrainian)
Mizhnarodnyi valiutnyi fond. URL: www.Imf.org
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication of this work under the terms of a license Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0).
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work.