Features of the of the Katowice city green infrastructure: problems and prospects
Purpose. To assess the provision of green infrastructure in the city of Katowice (Poland) based on the analysis of the peculiarities of its formation and spatial distribution on the territory of urban landscapes.
Methods: Historical (study of the historical path of the formation of Katowice as a modern green city), mathematical and statistical for calculating the green index of the provision of the population with green infrastructure and methods of systematization and generalization.
Results. Katowice is a city in southern Poland, which was formed in the middle of the 19th century as a result of the development of the coal industry in the Silesian region. It now has an area of 164.73 km2 and a population of 290 thousand people. In order to level the negative consequences of the industrial depletion of urban landscapes in the city, the development of green infrastructure has been introduced, which currently makes up 42% of the city's area, which is not evenly distributed. It has been established that green infrastructure has a significant positive impact on the quality of life of residents of urbanized areas of the city of Katowice. Among the districts, Podlasie stands out - more than 300 m2/person. Murky and Paderevsky-Mukhovets - more than 250 m2/person. Shopenice-Burovets, and Brynow - Os. Zgrzebnska - more than 100 m2/person and Domb, Zarzeche and Dombruvka Mala - from 50 to 100 m2/person. These areas have a sufficient level of provision of green infrastructure for the population according to WHO norms (50 m2). But Zavodze, Zelenska and Os districts. Tysenklech (ZI less than 10 m2/person) need to take measures to increase the provision of green infrastructure to the population.
Conclusions. On the basis of the calculation of the Green Index, areas that meet greening standards and areas that require the use of the latest green infrastructure development technologies (installation of vertical gardens and greening of roofs, etc.) are determined.
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