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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • This article submitted has not been previously published and has not been sent to the editorial boards of other journals (or the authors should specify this information in their comments for the editor).
  • The article file is a document in Microsoft Word, OpenOffice, RTF or WordPerfect format.
  • Internet links in the text are accompanied by complete correct URLs.
  • The text is typed in Times New Roman, 12 pt.; with a single line spacing; author's emphasis is highlighted in italics, not underlined (everywhere, except URL address). All illustrations, charts and tables are placed directly in the text, where they should be in content (and not at the end of the document).
  • The text meets the requirements for its stylistics and bibliography set forth in the Guideline for contributors of the section "About the Journal".
  • If the material is submitted to the peer-reviewed journal section, it follows the Blind Review Guaranty's instructions.

Author Guidelines


Article formats: Research Article, Book Review.

All materials should be Times New Roman, 12 pt.; line spacing – single; indentation – 1,25 cm, margins: left – 3 cm., right – 1 cm., top & bottom – 2.5 cm. Manuscripts may be submitted as email attachments in Microsoft Word (.doc / .docx) if they do not contain unusual fonts. If special symbols are used their fonts should be sent separately.

Contributions should be in English, other European languages or Russian. Spelling should be either British or American English consistently throughout. If not written by a native speaker of English it is advisable to have the paper checked by a native speaker.

Papers should be reasonably divided into numbered SECTIONS and, if necessary, sub-sections.

The title is preceded by the universal decimal classification (UDC) bibliographic code.


UDC code (left on top)


First Author Name and Surname (City, Country )

Next Author Name and Surname (City, Country )

(Times New Roman, 14, Bold)

Abstract: (in three languages (English, Ukrainian, Russian), Times New Roman, 10 pt.).

A.A. Author. Title (Times New Roman, 10 pt.). An abstract is a brief, comprehensive summary of the contents of the article; it allows readers to survey the contents of an article quickly. The abstract should normally be a single paragraph between 200 and 250 words. A good abstract is accurate, non-evaluative, coherent and readable, clear and concise. It uses verbs rather than their noun equivalents and the active rather than the passive voice; uses the present tense to describe conclusions drawn or results with continuing applicability; uses the past tense to describe specific variables manipulated or outcomes measured. An abstract for a theory-oriented paper should describe: how the theory or model works and/or the principles on which it is based and what phenomena the theory or model accounts for and linkages to empirical results. An abstract for a methodological paper should comprise the general class of methods being discussed; the essential features of the proposed method; and the range of application of the proposed method.

The abstract is, practically, the only source from which the reader can make an idea of the essence and value of the article. Therefore, the main requirements for it are: be concise (omit general and introductory phrases), be informative (provide reflection of the main content of the article and research results), be well structured (follow the logic of the argumentation of the article), be authentic (mind the quality of English). In the resume, the author should use syntactic structures characteristic of the language of scientific and technical documents and avoid complex grammatical constructions. It is recommended that the following structural components be included in the annotation: Purpose (objectives of the study), Results (conclusions) and Discussion (practical significance and perspectives). The text coherency should be maintained using the words "consequently", "more", "for example", "as a result", "because", "in addition", "for example", "the benefits of this study", "as a result" etc. Also, disjointed statements should logically follow one another. Authors should use active, and not passive voice, e.g.: "The study tested", but not "It was tested in this study" (the latter is a frequent mistake).

Keywords (bold): List in alphabetical order five to ten pertinent keywords specific to the article; use singular nouns. It is desirable to use the terminology that is generally accepted in world science. It is not recommended to include terms not used in the abstract (see the recommendations of publishers, for example, Emerald Publishing.

After the abstract, the structure of the article differs for empirical and theoretical articles. See Template for empirical articles or Template for theoretical articles.

  1. Introduction

The body of a manuscript opens with an introduction that presents the specific problem under study and describes the research strategy. The structure of the introduction should necessarily comprise the author’s aims / tasks / objectives, the subject-matter and the material of the study.

Explore the importance of the problem. The article should state how it is related to previous work in the area. If other aspects of this study have been reported previously, how does this report differ from, and build on, the earlier report?

Describe relevant related literature. This section should review studies to establish the general area, and then move towards studies that more specifically define or are more specifically related to the research you are conducting. Your literature review must not be a series of quotations strung together; instead it needs to provide a critical analysis of previous work.

State hypotheses and objectives, their correspondence to research. The statement of the hypothesis should logically follow on from your literature review and you may want to make an explicit link between the variables you are manipulating or measuring in your study and previous research. The present tense is used to state your hypotheses and objectives.

Sections and subsections of the paper. (Times New Roman, 12 pt.). Divide your article into clearly defined sections. Any labelled sections / subsection should be numbered (i.e. 2. or 2.1, 2.2, if necessary) and given a brief heading marked in bold (without full stops at the end). Each heading should appear on its own separate line.

A good paragraph should contain at least the following four elements: transition, topic sentence, specific evidence and analysis, and a brief concluding sentence. A transition sentence acts as a transition from one idea to the next. A topic sentence tells the reader what you will be discussing in the paragraph. Specific evidence and analysis support your claims that provide a deeper level of detail than your topic sentence. A concluding sentence tells the reader how and why this information supports the paper’s thesis.

  1. Method

The Method section describes in detail how the study was conducted, including conceptual and operational definitions of the variables used in the study. It also permits experienced investigators to replicate the study.

The method section should be written in paragraph form with as little repetition as possible. This section will often be broken down into subsections such as participants, materials and procedure. The subsections you use will depend on what is useful to help describe and explain your experiment.

In the method section of the paper you should use the past tense since you are describing what you did; for example, e.g.: An experiment was performed…, The participants were instructed to... .

  1. Results

This section describes but does not explain your results; it provides the reader with a factual account of your findings. You can, however, draw attention to specific trends or data that you think are important. Your aim in the Results section is to make your results as comprehensible as possible for your readers.

If you are presenting statistical results, place descriptive statistics first (means and standard deviations) followed by the results of any inferential statistical tests you performed. Indicate any transformations to the data you are reporting; for example, you may report percentage correct scores rather than straight scores. Raw data and lengthy whole transcripts of qualitative data should be put in the appendices, only excerpts (descriptive statistics or illustrative highlights of lengthy qualitative data) should be included in the Results section.

In the Results section you will need to use both the past tense and the present tense. The past tense is used to describe results and analyses, e.g.: The knowledge scores were analyzed..., The results indicated... .

The present tense is used with results that the reader can see, such as means, tables and figures, e.g.: The means show that..., The weekly growth rate illustrated in Table 3 illustrates how... .

Authors should refer in the text to all tables and figures used and explain what the reader should look for when using the table or figure. Focus only on the important point the reader should draw from them, and leave the details for the reader to examine on their own. Each table and figure must be intelligible without reference to the text, so be sure to include an explanation of every abbreviation (except the standard statistical symbols and abbreviations).

Give titles to all tables, number figures and tables sequentially as you refer to those in the text (Table 1, Table 2, etc.), likewise for figures (Figure 1, Figure 2, etc.).

  1. Discussion

If necessary an article may have more sections and subsections.

All examples are italicized. One word or word-combination examples are given within the body of a paragraph.

Sentence or textual examples, preferably numbered through the article, are given in separate paragraphs in italics with indentation 1,25 cm for the whole paragraph and separated from the previous / following text by one blank line. Example:

(1) “I'm Prendergast,” said the newcomer. “Have some port?”

“Thank you, I’d love to.” (Waugh 1980:46)

  1. Conclusions

This section simply states what the researcher thinks the data mean, and, as such, should relate directly back to the problem/question stated in the introduction. By looking at only the Introduction and Conclusions sections, a reader should have a good idea of what the researcher has investigated and discovered even though the specific details of how the work was done would not be known. After moving from general to specific information in the introduction and body paragraphs, your conclusion should restate the main points of your argument.

Conclusions should finish up with an overview of future possible research.

Acknowledgments (not obligatory and not numbered paragraph). Identify grants or other financial support (and the source, if appropriate) for your study. Next, acknowledge colleagues who assisted in conducting the study or critiquing the manuscript. End this paragraph with thanks for personal assistance, such as in manuscript preparation.

In-text citations. If you are directly quoting from a work and the author is not named in a signal phrase, include the author, year of publication, and the page number for the reference: (Почепцов 1976: 15; Leech 1985: 373). If the quotation includes the author's last name, it is simply followed by the date of publication in parentheses. For example: (1) According to Jones (2005), but (2) “Students often had difficulty using Gerunds and Infinitives, especially when it was their first time” (Jones 2005: 156).

If you cite a work of two to five authors, use ‘&’ within parentheses or ‘and’ outside:

(1) Becker and Seligman's (1996) findings contradicted this result; but: This result was later contradicted (Becker & Seligman, 1996).

(2) Medvec, Madey, and Gilovich (1995) examined the influence of “what might have been” thoughts on satisfaction among a group of Olympic medalists.

In case of six or more authors, cite only the last name of the first author, followed by “et al.” and the year of publication: Barakat et al. (1995) attempted to... .


REFERENCES (Bold, caps, not numbered)

A reference list (usually about 30 authors) is a list of all the references cited in the text of your paper, listed in alphabetical order at the end of the paper and not numbered. Each reference in the reference list needs to contain all of the bibliographic information from its source (citation style APA-6).


For materials in Latin:

Author, A.A. (Year of Publication). Title of a book. Publisher City, State: Publisher.

Author, A.A. (Year of Publication). Title of an e-book [E-Reader Version]. Retrieved from http://xxxx or doi:xxxx

Author, A.A. (Publication Year). Article title. Journal Title, Volume (Issue), pp.–pp.

Author, A.A. (Publication Year). Article title. Journal Title, Volume (Issue), pp.–pp. doi:XX.XXXXX or Retrieved from journal URL


For materials in Ukrainian or Russian:



Shevchenko, I.S., & Morozova, Ye.I. (2003). Diskurs kak myslekommunikativnoe obrazovanie [Discourse as a mental and communicative phenomenon]. Visnyk Kharkiv. nats. un-tu im.

V.N. Karazina. – Karazin University Journal, 586, 3338 (in Russian).


Zagurenko, A.A. (2002). Ekonomicheskaya optimizatsia [Economic optimization]. Neftyanoe khozyaistvo. – Oil Industry, 11. Available frоm: http://www.example.com

Conference papers:

Zagurenko, A.A. (2002). Osobennosti proektirovaniya [Features of design]. Trudy

6 Mezhdunarodnogo Simpoziuma: Novye tekhnologii. – Proceedings of the 6th Int. Symposium: New technologies. Kyiv, 267272 (in Russian).


Zagurenko, A.A. (2002). Ekonomicheskaya optimizatsia [Economic optimization]. Kyiv: Nauka Publ.

Dissertations (abbreviations: doc./ cand.):

Zagurenko, A.A. (2002). Ekonomichna optymizatsia [Economic optimization]. Unpublished candidate dissertation. National Teachers' Training University of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine

(in Ukrainian).

Dissertation thesis (abbreviations: doc./ cand.):

Zagurenko, A.A. (2002). Ekonomichna optymizatsia [Economic optimization]. Unpublished candidate dissertation synopsis. National Teachers' Training University of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine (in Ukrainian).

For transliteration use http://translit.kh.ua (from Ukrainian) and http://www.translit.ru (from Russian). Use http://apareferencing.ukessays.com/generator/ to created reference list according to APA citation style.


DOIs. A digital object identifier (DOI) is a unique string of letters, numbers, and symbols assigned to a published work to identify content and provide a persistent link to its location on the Internet. The DOI is typically located on the first page of an electronic document near the copyright notice and on the database landing page for the document. When DOIs are available, include them in the reference information. Place the DOI at the end of the reference, and do not add a period at the end of it. Here’s an example:

Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Date of publication). Title of article. Title of Journal, Volume (Issue), pp–pp. doi:0000000/000000000000 or http://dx.doi.org/10.0000/0000


DATA SOURCES (Bold, caps, not numbered)

All textual examples cited in the article should have full bibliographic information about their sources listed in alphabetical order and not numbered (citation style APA-6).


Author’s research profile in three languages.

All articles are followed by the author’s research profile in English, Ukrainian, Russian, containing information about his/her name & surname, title, affiliation and work address, e-mail, ORCID, Google Scholar (Research Gate).

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