Regulation of economic activities on ponds and reservoirs in the Nichlava river basin
Economic development of the territories of small river basins, high anthropogenic load, and flow regulation is correlated with the number of ponds and reservoirs on the river or in its basin. In order to optimize use of natural resources and rational use of water resources in the basin of small rivers, regulation of economic activities on ponds and reservoirs is a relevant task. Since there are 3 reservoirs and more than 80 ponds in the Nichlava river basin, the problem of regulating their economic use is important and urgent from the point of view of revitalizing the water flow and ensuring balanced environmental management in the river basin.
Purpose. To assess the geoecological condition of ponds and reservoirs in the Nichlava River basin, to justify optimization measures for the regulation of their economic use and exploitation.
Methods. Expeditionary, generalization and systematization, statistical, evaluation, geoecological analysis, system-structural, geo-informational, descriptive, landscape-ecological
Results.The peculiarities of the use of artificial water bodies (ponds and reservoirs) in the Nichlava River basin have been considered. Attention to the lack of complex use of resources of water bodies and coastal areas, their pollution and contamination has been drawn. The main sources of pollution and the risks associated with their activities have been indicated. The influence of communal enterprises of the city of Borshchiv on the ecological state of the Borshchiv reservoir during 2010-2020 has been analyzed. The results tend to decrease compared to previous years, although the level of pollution is still significant. The cut-off of part of the Tsyhanka river valley by the Mushkativ reservoir is the result of a malfunction of the locks. Plowing of the coastal areas and contamination of part of the catchment with poisonous chemicals from the fields is observed around the Kotiv reservoir. Ways to restore resources in the basins of small rivers and their effective use by local communities have been substantiated.
Conclusions.The processes of economic activity on ponds and reservoirs are becoming more active. Interrelationships between human activity and the geoecological state of ponds and reservoirs in the Nichlava River basin have been revealed. Among the key recommendations substantiated in the work, first of all, there is keeping to the rules of the operation of ponds and reservoirs, defined by the current legislation; restoration of coastal protective strips and water protection zones around reservoirs; reducing of the amounts of dumping of contaminated and insufficiently cleared wastewater into surface water bodies of the Nichlava River basin.
Syvyj, M.Ya. (Ed.). (2017). Geography of Ternopil region. Vol.1. Natural conditions and resources. Ternopil: Krok. Retrieved from:http://dspace.tnpu.edu.ua/bitstream/123456789/23577/1/Maryniak.pdf (in Ukrainian).
Kuzyk, I., & Kuzyk, Z. (2018). Modern state and trends for the optimization of land use in the basin of the Nichlava River. Bulletin of the Ternopil branch of the Ukrainian Geographical Society, 2, 44-48. Retrieved from http://dspace.tnpu.edu.ua/bitstream/123456789/13307/1/Kuzyk_Kuzyk.pdf (in Ukrainian).
Tsaryk, V.(2020).To assess the balance of land use and nature protection in the valley of the Hnizna River. Master's Bulletin of TNPU, 34, 22-25. Retrieved from http://dspace.tnpu.edu.ua/bitstream/123456789/17927/1/7_Tsaryk.pdf (in Ukrainian).
Kuzyk,I., Vitenko, I., & Tsaryk, V. (2022). Geoecological assessment of land use structure of Gnizdechna small river basin. Scientific Notes Ternopil Volodymyr Hnatiuk National Pedagogical University. Series: Geography, 1 (52), 219-225. https://doi.org/10.25128/2519-45184.108.40.206 (in Ukrainian).
Tsaryk, L.P., Tsaryk, P.L., Kuzyk, I.R., & Tsaryk, V.L. (2021). Nature use and nature conservation in small river basins: monograph. The second edition is supplemented and revised. Ternopil: Type. Retrieved from http://dspace.tnpu.edu.ua/bitstream/123456789/23661/1/Tsaryk_Pryrodokorystuvannya_okhorona_pryrody.pdf (in Ukrainian).
Tsaryk, P., Vitenko, I., & Tsaryk, V. (2022). River-basin systems of small rivers ofthe Western Podillya in the conditions of anthropogenic loads: a comparativeanalysis. Scientific Notes Ternopil Volodymyr Hnatiuk National Pedagogical University. Series: Geography, 2(53), 129-137. https://doi.org/10.25128/2519-45220.127.116.11 (in Ukrainian).
Vitenko, I. (2008). Geoecologichal situation of valley of Nichlava river. Scientific Notes Ternopil Volodymyr Hnatiuk National Pedagogical University. Series: Geography, 1, 174-179. Retrieved from http://dspace.tnpu.edu.ua/bitstream/123456789/21880/1/Vitenko.pdf (in Ukrainian).
Tsaryk, L. P., Kovalchuk, I.P., Tsaryk, P.L., Zhdaniuk, B.S., & Kuzyk, I. R. (2020). Basin systems of small rivers of Western Podillya: state, change tendencies, perspectives of nature management and nature protection optimization. Journal of Geology, Geography and Geoecology, 29(3), 606-620. https://doi.org/10.15421/112055
Bakalo, O.D., Tsaryk, L.P., Tsaryk, P.L. (2018).Transformation of ecological-geographical processes of the Zhuryn river basin. Monograph. Ternopil: Type. Retrieved from http://dspace.tnpu.edu.ua/bitstream/123456789/12360/1/Bakalo_Caruk_Dzyrun.pdf (in Ukrainian).
Kuzyk, I., Melnyk, Y. (2020).Retrospective analysis of transformation processes in the upper part of the Nichlava River basin. Bulletin of the Ternopil branch of the Ukrainian Geographical Society, 4, 42-46. Retrieved from http://dspace.tnpu.edu.ua/bitstream/123456789/22866/1/8_Kuzyk_Melnyk.pdf(in Ukrainian).
Hrebin, V.V., Khilchevskyi, V.K., Stashuk, V.A., Chunarov, O.V., & Yaroshevych, O.Ie. (2014). Water Fund of Ukraine: Artificial body of water - reservoirs and ponds. Kyiv. Interpres. Retrieved from https://www.researchgate.net/profile/VvGrebin/publication/333237313_Vodnij_fond_Ukraini_STUCNI_VODOJMI_Vodoshovisa_i_stavki/links/5ce3b92ba6fdccc9ddc15dd4/Vodnij-fond-Ukraini-STUCNI-VODOJMI-Vodoshovisa-i-stavki.pdf (in Ukrainian).
Khilchevskyi, V.K., & Grebin, V.V. (2021). Large and small reservoirs of Ukraine: regional and basin distribution features.Hydrology, Hydrochemistry and Hydroecology, 2(60), 6-17. https://doi.org/10.17721/2306-5680.2021.2.1 (in Ukrainian).
Khilchevskyi, V.K. (2021). Modern characteristics of water bodies in Ukraine: watercourses and reservoirs Hydrology, Hydrochemistry and Hydroecology, 1 (59), 17-27. https://doi.org/10.17721/2306-5680.2021.1.2 (in Ukrainian).
Perkhach, O. R. (2019). Analysis of water reservoirs and ponds resources in the Lviv region. Visnyk of V. N. Karazin Kharkiv National University series «Еcоlogy», 20, 80-86. https://doi.org/10.26565/1992-4259-2019-20-07 (in Ukrainian).
Maksymenko, N. V., Gogol, O. M., & Bondarenko, J. V. (2014). Influence of climatic conditions on the hydrological regime Pecheniz'ke reservoir. Visnyk of V. N. Karazin Kharkiv National University series «Еcоlogy», 11, 74-77. Retrieved from https://periodicals.karazin.ua/ecology/article/view/1628/1371 (in Ukrainian).
Yatsentyuk, Yu. V. (2013). Water-economic anthropogenic paragenetic landscape systems. Manandenvironment. Issuesofneoecology, 3-4, 147-152. Retrieved from https://periodicals.karazin.ua/humanenviron/article/view/1008/793 (in Ukrainian).
Gololobova, O. O., & Tolstyakova, V. V. (2018). Ecological assessment of the pond ecosystem components, Bobrivka village, Kharkiv district, Kharkiv oblast. Manandenvironment. Issuesofneoe-cology,1-2, 82-91. Retrieved from http://journals.uran.ua/ludina_dov/article/view/143904/141786 (in Ukrainian).
Nichlava river passport. (1994). Fund materials of the Department of Water Management and Recla-mation of the Ternopil Region. Ternopil. (in Ukrainian).
Novitsca, S. (2007). Waters recreational resources: ecologi-geographical analysisand evaluation. Scientific Notes Ternopil Volodymyr Hnatiuk National Pedagogical University. Series: Geography, 1, 158-168. Retrieved from http://dspace.tnpu.edu.ua/bitstream/123456789/24904/1/Novitsca.pdf (in Ukrainian).
Novitsca, S. (2019).Ecological trails of the promising regional landscape park «Podilske Nad-zbruchcha». Materials of the report of the scientific conference of teachers, graduate students, stu-dents of the department of geoecology and teaching methods of environmental disciplines and the scientific research institute «Modeling of ecological and geographic systems». Ternopil. 39-46. Retrieved from http://dspace.tnpu.edu.ua/bitstream/123456789/20538/1/Conf_Model_eko_2019.pdf#page=39 (in Ukrainian).
The procedure for establishing the modes of operation of artificial water objects and water manage-ment systems. Resolution No. 614 of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine dated June 25, 2020. Retrieved from https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/z0280-22#n15 (in Ukrainian).
Copyright (c) 2022 Melnik Y. T., Tsaryk L. P., Kuzyk I. R.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors reserve the right of attribution for the submitted manuscript, while transferring to the Journal the right to publish the article under the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0). This license allows free distribution of the published work under the condition of proper attribution of the original authors and the initial publication source (i.e. the Journal)
Authors have the right to enter into separate agreements for additional non-exclusive distribution of the work in the form it was published in the Journal (such as publishing the article on the institutional website or as a part of a monograph), provided the original publication in this Journal is properly referenced
The Journal allows and encourages online publication of the manuscripts (such as on personal web pages), even when such a manuscript is still under editorial consideration, since it allows for a productive scientific discussion and better citation dynamics (see The Effect of Open Access).