Realities and prospects of development of urban systems in Lviv
The SPARCS project supports cities to become energy-positive and climate-neutral communities. Lviv is one of the stakeholders of the project and fulfills its obligations under the grant agreement for the implementation of a comprehensive energy-independent and climate-neutral area in the urban system.
Purpose. Demonstration of innovative solutions in the areas of planning, pilot implementation and scaling of "smart" and integrated energy systems that turn cities into steel, human-centered and environmentally sustainable ecosystems that provide high living standards for residents.
Methods. Statistical, comparative, cartographic and systems analysis.
Results. An analysis of foreign and Ukrainian sources on the concept of energy-independent areas has been made, which gives an opportunity to offer its definition of the Concept of Energy-Positive Area and its implementation area. The main strategic directions are spatial development, energy, mobility and waste management. In the framework of the SPARCS project, a large number of new measures in the field of climate neutrality were implemented in Lviv. Several global strategic documents have been launched: Lviv Green City Action Plan, Sustainable Urban Mobility Plan, Integrated Development Concept, Implementation Plan, which includes 9 activities to create conditions for the development of energy-positive areas and further transformation of Lviv into a climate-neutral city
Conclusions. Having identified the main tasks of the city's strategic transformation in the medium term, in the short term in Lviv it is necessary to ensure the formation of conditions for the development of sustainable energy-positive and climate-neutral communities in general and energy-positive areas as innovative tools for climate-neutral status.
Lindholm, Oscar, Hassam ur Rehman, Reda, Francesco. (2021). From Positioning Positive Energy Districts in European Cities; VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, P.O. Box 1000, FI-02044 Espoo, Finland.
Hedman, Åsa, Hassam Ur Rehman, Andrea Gabaldón, Adriano Bisello, Vicky Albert-Seifried, Xingxing Zhang, Francesco Guarino, Steinar Grynning, Ursula Eicker, Hans-Martin Neumann, Pekka Tuominen & Francesco Reda From IEA EBC Annex83 Positive Energy Districts; https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings11030130
SPARCS. Retrieved from https://www.sparcs.info
Mohamed Elnahas. (2003). The Effects of Urban Configuration on Urban Air Temperatures Architectural Science Review. https://doi.org/10.1080/00038628.2003.9696975
O'Hare Michael. (1973). Structural inadequacies in urban environmental management, Regional and Urban Economics, https://doi.org/10.1016/0034-3331(73)90019-5
Allen Scout. (2019). Land Redevelopment and the Built Environment in Third-Wave Cities: Review and Synthesis, Journal of Urban Technology, https://doi.org/10.1142/9789811207082_0006
Charles S. Tapiero. (1974). The demand and utilization of recreational facilities, Regional and Urban Economics. https://doi.org/10.1016/0034-3331(74)90028-1
Didyk, V.V., & Pavliv, A.V. (2003). Urban planning: textbook. manual. - Lviv: Lviv Polytechnic National University Publishing House. – 412.(In Ukrainian).
Lviv City Council.(2021). Sustainable urban mobility plan of Lviv, Lviv (In Ukrainian).
Integrated concept of city development. Retrieved from http://city-institute.org/intehrovana-kontseptsiia-rozvytku-lviv-2030-ta-plan-dij-zelenoho-mista-mezhakh-proektu-sparcs/(In Ukrainian).
Lviv City Council.(2021). Integrated development concept: Lviv 2030, Lviv(In Ukrainian).
Tymoshenko, І. P. (2021). Urban metabolism as a basis for the development of circular cities in Ukraine, Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, Kyiv (In Ukrainian).
Copyright (c) 2022 Nazaruk M. M., Polianskyi Y. S., Ostroushko M. V.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors reserve the right of attribution for the submitted manuscript, while transferring to the Journal the right to publish the article under the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0). This license allows free distribution of the published work under the condition of proper attribution of the original authors and the initial publication source (i.e. the Journal)
Authors have the right to enter into separate agreements for additional non-exclusive distribution of the work in the form it was published in the Journal (such as publishing the article on the institutional website or as a part of a monograph), provided the original publication in this Journal is properly referenced
The Journal allows and encourages online publication of the manuscripts (such as on personal web pages), even when such a manuscript is still under editorial consideration, since it allows for a productive scientific discussion and better citation dynamics (see The Effect of Open Access).