Odesa’s Libraries during the Martial Law of 2022
The article analyses the work of Odesa’s libraries during the martial law of 2022. The author aimed to collect information about librarians’ reactions to the beginning of the war, the overall state of the city’s libraries, and the extent of collection losses, and to assess changes and trends in library work over half a year of martial law. The study is based on the oral-historical and historical-comparative methods and represents the first attempt to analyze the ongoing state of the library industry in Odesa. The author conducted a survey (in the form of a questionnaire) of employees of 21 libraries in the city. As part of the survey, librarians were asked to answer a number of questions regarding their situation, functions, and actions at the beginning of the full-scale Russian aggression against Ukraine. On the basis of the received answers, the principal directions of library activities and innovation during the war of national defense of 2022 are outlined. The distinguishing features of the work of libraries in Odesa concern five aspects: reaction to the beginning of the war; security conditions; collection-related issues; innovation; and situation of employees. The author notes that the libraries of Odesa have suffered less damage than library institutions in many frontline cities of Ukraine. Martial law has created both a number of challenges, particularly in the areas of security, funding, and collection expansion, and some opportunities for innovation. Libraries fast-tracked the scanning of valuable collections and began to pay more attention to issues of security and to their role in the psychological health of the community. Success has been had with a number of volunteer initiatives. Libraries have been taking very active part in informational resistance against the Russian invasion and are demonstrating professionalism in preserving their collections and responding to various challenges.
Holovchenko, V. Biohrafii rozbratu: chomu ukraintsi dosi ne znaiut' spravzhnikh heroiv svoho narodu. Parlament.UA, 19 travnia 2022, https://parlament.ua/opinion/biografii-rozbratu-chomu-ukrainczi-dosi-ne-znayut-spravzhnih-geroiv-svogo-narodu/. Data perehliadu: 19 zhovtnia 2022. (In Ukrainian)
Hrafik roboty biblioteky. Odes'ka natsional'na naukova biblioteka: ofitsijnyj veb-sajt, http://odnb.odessa.ua/view_post.php?id=1478. Data perehliadu: 19 zhovtnia 2022. (In Ukrainian)
Interv'iu 1: Misto i rukhoma kul'turna spadschyna (muzei, arkhivy ta biblioteky). CityFace Project & City and War Project, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=o2lCPRogS_8. Data perehliadu: 16 zhovtnia 2022. (In Ukrainian)
«Mobilizatsiia zhinok pid chas voiennoho stanu». Odes'ka natsional'na naukova biblioteka: ofitsijnyj veb-sajt, http://odnb.odessa.ua/view_post.php?id=3812. Data perehliadu: 19 zhovtnia 2022. (In Ukrainian)
Nezlamna Ukraina. Naukova biblioteka Odes'koho Natsional'noho universytetu imeni I. I. Mechnykova, http://lib.onu.edu.ua/bd-nezlamna-ukrayina/. Data perehliadu: 19 zhovtnia 2022. (In Ukrainian)
Odesskie biblioteki rabotayut i prinimayut chitatelej. Grad.ua, https://grad.ua/news/92686-odesskie-biblioteki-rabotajut-i-prinimajut-chitatelej.html. Data perehliadu: 15 zhovtnia 2022. (In Russian)
Osoblyvosti roboty odes'kykh bibliotek pid chas voiennoho stanu. Anketa, https://docs.google.com/forms/d/1_WmWE96mef9EIkr8tP9VERxV8n7kfYBKSKhH0K1Fx0k/prefill. Data perehliadu: 16 zhovtnia 2022. (In Ukrainian)
Osoblyvosti roboty odes'kykh bibliotek pid chas voiennoho stanu. Vidpovidi bibliotek, https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/1itT5bxIBzEdln_86ti_DT19imnO31G7ALDFtrqrxwow/edit?usp=sharing. Data perehliadu: 16 zhovtnia 2022. (In Ukrainian)
Prohrama oblasnoho onlajn-seminaru «Biblioteky Odeschyny u myrnyj chas (2021 r.) i osoblyvosti diial'nosti u realiiakh voiennoho stanu (2022 r.)» (12 kvitnia 2022 roku). OOUNB imeni M. S. Hrushevs'koho, https://app.box.com/s/35umirr7cudc9lfdwkpgy3ren5tgm26x. Data perehliadu: 16 zhovtnia 2022. (In Ukrainian)
Publichni biblioteky v umovakh voiennoho chasu:z dosvidu roboty bibliotek Odes'koi oblasti: analit.dovidka z dosvidu roboty. Uporiad. H. P. Didenko, vidp. za vyp.O. A. Bulhakova. Odesa, 2022.
Sorokina, I. Odes'ki biblioteky pozbudut'sia rosijs'kykh knyh? Odes'ke zhyttia, 30 veresnia 2022, https://odessa-life.od.ua/uk/article-uk/odeski-biblioteky-pozbudutsia-rosiiskykh-knyh. Data perehliadu: 19 zhovtnia 2022. (In Ukrainian)
Stambol, I. Vijna Ukrainy z Rosiieiu v intelektual'nij spadschyni lideriv ukrainstva XX stolittia. Naukovi pratsi Natsional'noi biblioteky Ukrainy imeni V. I. Vernads'koho, vyp. 63, 2022, s. 290-304. DOI: https://doi.org/10.15407/np.63.290. (In Ukrainian)
Strumok, A. V oblasnij bibliotetsi Odeschyny protydiiut' dezinformatsii v realiiakh vijny. Tezys, 30 bereznia 2022, https://www.thesis.od.ua/2022/03/30/v-oblasnij-biblioteczi-odeshhini-protidiyut-dezinformaczi%D1%97-v-realiyah-vijni/. Data perehliadu: 19 zhovtnia 2022. (In Ukrainian)
Copyright (c) 2022 Ihor Stambol
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).