Degradation risks and prospects for valley and river landscapes conservation in east Podilsk Transnistria (on the example of the Nemiya river)
Formulation of the problem. The urgency of the problem put forward is associated with the growth of anthropogenic development of the unique valley-river landscapes of the East Podolsk Transnistria is still taking place without a comprehensive geographic justification for the organization of nature management of the territory. These valley-river landscapes are unique in terms of the richness of bio- and landscape diversity.
The purpose of the article is to assess the landscape and biotic diversity of the valley-river landscape of the lower reaches of the Nemiya city of the Mogilev-Podolsk-Yampolsky physical-geographical region in order to form priorities for the environmental activities of Transnistria.
Materials and methods. To achieve the goal, a visual survey of the territory of the Nemia basin was carried out. The studies were carried out on the basis of: hydrological-geographical, biogeographical, botanical and zoological generalizations of the results of route observations in the Nemia River valley. Materials were used, including remote and field observations carried out in the Dniester basin. Also, data from various organizations and institutions were used (Vinnitsa Regional Department of Forestry and Hunting, Basin Water Resources Management of the city of Southern Bug, etc.). In particular, data from rural councils of settlements of the Mogilev-Podolsky urban territorial society were used. In the course of the study, such traditional methods as: statistical, literary and cartographic methods, the method of analogies, the method of comparisons and the method of generalizations were used. At the same time, such specific methods were used: a system of modeling, analysis, synthesis methods, cartographic and mathematical methods and methods of forecasting, expeditionary, continuous survey of natural areas, geophysical, identification of landscape components, etc.).
Results. The study made it possible to study the ecotone of landscape and biotic diversity, including the high vulnerability of anthropogenic valley-river landscape complexes, primarily under the influence of mining and industrial developments. The features of the influence on the formation of these landscape complexes of natural and historical and social conditions were also revealed. At the same time, it was possible to establish the modern anthropogenized structure (landscape, phyto- and zoocenotic) of natural and anthropogenic landscapes within the Nemia River valley.
Scientific novelty and practical significance. The conditions for the functioning of the valley-river landscape, the trends and intensity of its changes under the influence of natural and anthropogenic conditions and factors are analysed. The problems of protective belts and water protection zones are considered to assess the possibility of the Nemiya River performing the function of an eco-corridor in the projected regional ecological network. The factors influencing the ecological state of the valley-river landscape are determined. At the same time, microfoci are identified, with which successional, material-energy, transformational and destabilization changes are associated. Based on the studies carried out, proposals were made for the implementation of environmental protection measures for the Nemia River. The results of these researches can become the basis for monitoring the dynamics, development and evolution of landscapes, primarily for the formation of priorities for the environmental activities of Transnistria.
Andrienko, T. L., Peregrym, M.М. (2012). Official lists of regional rare plants of administrative territories of Ukraine (reference book). Kyiv, Alterpress, 148.
Baczynska, E., Marek, W., Kazmierczak, U. (2017). Research on the landscape attractiveness of selected abandoned quarries. International Journal of Mining, Reclamation, and Environment, 32 (22), 1-19. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/17480930.2017.1386756
Chopyk, V.I. (1999). Catalog of species of flora of Ukraine included in the Berne Convention on the Protection of Wild Flora and Fauna and Natural Habitats in Europe. Kyiv, Phytosocial Center, 52. [in Ukrainian]
Clifford, N., French, S., Valentine, G. (2010). Key methods in Geography. 2nd ed. Sage, 568.
Davybida, L.I., Tymkiv, M.M. (2020). Geostatistical analysis and optimization of the state hydrogeological monitor-ing network within the Pripyat Basin (Ukraine). Visnyk of V. N. Karazin Kharkiv National University, series "Geol-ogy. Geography. Ecology", 52, 122-131. DOI: https://doi.org/10.26565/2410-7360-2020-52-03 [in Ukrainian]
Denisyk, H.I., Khayetskyi, H.S., Stefankov, L.I. (2007). Water anthropogenic landscapes of Podillia: [monograph]. Vinnytsia: PP "Teza Publishing House", 216. [in Ukrainian]
Description and map of VBU "Lyadova-Murafa" on the website of the secretariat of the Ramsar Convention. Avail-able at: https://rsis.ramsar.org/ris/2387 [in Ukrainian]
Didukh, Y. P. (2012). Basics of bioindication. Kyiv, Nauk. opinion, 344. [in Ukrainian]
Didukh, Y.P., Fitsailo, T.V., Korotchenko et al. (2011). Biotopes of forest and forest-steppe zones of Ukraine. Kyiv, Tov. "Macros", 288. [in Ukrainian]
Didukh, Y.P., Shelyag-Sosonko, Y.R. (2003). Geobotanical zoning of Ukraine and adjacent territories. Ukrainian botanical journal, 60 (1), 6-17. [in Ukrainian]
Fesenko, G.V., Bokotey, A.A. (2002). Birds of the fauna of Ukraine (field identifier). Kyiv, 416. [in Ukrainian]
Horbnyak, L.T. (2013). Features of protection and preservation of Pulsatilla grandis Wender. (Ranunculaceae) in Ukraine. Black Sea Botanical Journal, 9 (3), 442-450. [in Ukrainian]
Hudzevich, A.V., Demets, R.O. (2018). Peculiarities of the development of micro-centred processes of the valley-river landscape in the conditions of the urban environment (on the example of the Rusava River). Scientific papers of the VDPU. Series: Geography, 30,3-4, 45-51. [in Ukrainian]
Hudzevich, A.V. (2002). Vinnytsia Nature Reserve. Vinnytsia: Konsol LLC, 128. [in Ukrainian]
Hudzevich, A.V. (2012). Spatio-temporal organization of modern landscapes: theory and practice. Vinnytsia: Vindruk, 232. [in Ukrainian]
Hudzevich, A. V., Nikitchenko, L. O., Baiurko, N. V., Hudzevich, L. S., Frytsiuk, V. A, Levchuk, N. V. (2020). Geoeco-logical approaсh to organization of naturalized anthropogenically-modified territory. Journal of Geology Geog-raphy and Geoecology, 29 (3), 520-529. DOI: https://doi.org/10.15421/112047
Hudzevych, A.V., Nikitchenko, L.O., Hudzevych, L.S., Bronnikova L.F., Demets R.О. (2021). Approaches to organize the econetwork of the Transnistria region in the conditions of urban landscape. Journal of Geology Geography and Geoecology, 30 (3), 449-459. DOI: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2021.64.2.14
Khilchevskyi, V.K. (2021). Characteristics of water resources of Ukraine based on the database of the global in-formation system FAO Aquastat. Hydrology, hydrochemistry and hydroecology, 1 (59), 6-16. [in Ukrainian]
Khilchevsky V.K. (2022) Hydrochemical dictionary. Kyiv, DIA, 2022, 208. [in Ukrainian]
Khimko, R.V., Merezhko, O.I., Babko, R.V. (2003). Small rivers-research, protection, restoration. Kyiv, Institute of Ecology, 378. [in Ukrainian]
Kovalchuk, I. (2000). Study of ecological and geographical problems of small rivers of Western Ukraine. History of Ukrainian geography. All-Ukrainian Science - Theory. magazine. Ternopil: Textbooks and manuals, 2, 63-70.
Kuzemko, A.A., Didukh, Y.P., Onishchenko, V.A., Sheffer, Ya. (2018). National catalogue of biotopes of Ukraine. Ky-iv, FOP Klymenko Yu.Ya., 442. [in Ukrainian]
Lavryk, O.D., Korinnyi, V.I., Kyryliuk, L.M., Tsymbaliuk, V.V. (2022). Height differentiation of valley-river land-scapes of the right-bank Ukraine. Visnyk of V. N. Karazin Kharkiv National University, series "Geology. Geography. Ecology", 56, 122-131. DOI: https://doi.org/10.26565/2410-7360-2022-56-08
Marynych, O.M., Parkhomenko, G.O., Pashchenko, V.M., Petrenko, O.M., Shishchenko, P.G. (2007). Physico-geographical zoning. Map. National atlas of Ukraine. Kyiv, DNVP "Cartography", 228-229. [in Ukrainian]
Matviychuk, O.A., Pirkhal, A.V., Reminny, V.Yu. (2015). Cadastre of terrestrial tetrapods of the Vinnytsia region. Vinnytsia, 436. [in Ukrainian]
Matviychuk, O.A., Pirkhal, A.V., Viduetskyi, A.V. (2017). Birds of Vinnytsia. Vinnytsia, 328. [in Ukrainian]
Melnychuk, V., Protsiv, H. (2020). Guidelines for the management of small river basins - a tributary of the Dniester River: Methodological guide: Short version. Chisinau: Eco-TIRAS, 14. [in Ukrainian]
Molchak, Y.O., Fesyuk, V.O. (2007). Ecological and economic foundations of water use: teaching. manual. Lutsk: LDTU, 584. [in Ukrainian]
Reminny, V.Yu., Matviychuk, O.A. (2018). The nature of Vinnytsia. Amphibians and reptiles. Vinnytsia, 128.
Report on the state of the environment in the Vinnytsia region in 2019 (2020). Vinnytsia. Available at: http://www.vin.gov.ua/images/doc/vin/departament-apk/doc/OperMonitor/Dopov/Dop2019.pdf [in Ukrainian]
Rudenko, L.H., Golubtsov, O.H., Chehnii, V.M. et al. (2020). Methodology and practice of evaluating the territory of Ukraine for inheritance. Kyiv, Scientific Opinion Publishing House, 248. [in Ukrainian]
Šálek, М. (2012). Spontaneous succession on opencast mining sites: Implications for bird biodiversity. Journal of Applied Ecology, 49, 1417-1425. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2664.2012.02215.x
Stephan, K., Hubbart, J.A. (2023). Plant Community, Soil and Microclimate Attributes after 70 Years of Natural Recovery of an Abandoned Limestone Quarry. Land, 12, 1-18. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/land12010117
Svensson, L., Mullarney, K., Zettersrom, D., Grant, P.J. (1999). The most complete field guide to the birds of Britain and Europe. Trento: Harper Collins Publishers, 386.
Vishnevskyi, V. I. (2000). Rivers and reservoirs of Ukraine. Condition and use. Kyiv, Vipol, 376. [in Ukrainian]
Volodymyrets, V.O. (2003). Anthropogenic transformation of the species composition of drained territories in con-nection with the processes of its synanthropization: autoref. thesis ... candidate biological Sciences: 03.00.05. Ky-iv, 20. [in Ukrainian]
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.