Publication ethics

Principles of professional ethics in the work of the editor and publisher

In their activities, the editor is responsible for the publication of works of authorship, which imposes the need to follow the following basic principles:

- When deciding on publishing, the editor of a scientific journal is guided by the reliability of data submission and the scientific significance of the considered work.

- The editor should evaluate manuscripts intellectual content, regardless of race, gender, sexual orientation, religion, origin, nationality, social status or political affiliation of the authors.

- Unpublished data from manuscripts submitted for consideration must not be used for personal purposes or passed on to third parties without the written consent of the author. Information or ideas obtained in the course of editing and related to possible benefits must be kept confidential and not used for the purpose of personal gain.

- The editor should not allow the information to be published, if there is sufficient reason to believe that it is plagiarism.

- Editor in conjunction with the publisher should not leave unanswered complaints regarding considered manuscripts or published materials as well as the detection of a conflict to take all necessary measures to redress.

Ethical principles in the work of the reviewer

Reviewer provides scientific expertise of copyright material, so that their action must be impartial in nature, and this involves the following principles:

- Manuscript received for review should be treated as a confidential document, which can not be passed for review or discussion to third parties who do not have full powers from the editors.

- The reviewer is obliged to give an objective and reasoned assessment of study results. Personal criticism of the author is unacceptable.

- Unpublished data from manuscripts submitted for consideration must not be used for personal purposes by a reviewer.

- The reviewer who, in his opinion, is not qualified to assess the manuscript, or can not be objective, for example, in the case of a conflict of interest with the author or organization should inform the editor with a request to exclude them from the review process of this manuscript.

Principles that should guide the author of scientific publications

The author (or group of authors) realizes that they bear primary responsibility for the novelty and validity of the results of scientific research, which involves the following principles:

- The authors should provide reliable research results. Knowingly false or fraudulent statements are unacceptable.

- Authors should ensure that the results of studies outlined in manuscript provided are completely original. Borrowed fragments or statements must be filed with the obligatory indication of the author and the source. Excessive borrowing and plagiarism in any form, including unregistered quotes, paraphrasing or assignment of rights to the results of other people's research is unethical and unacceptable.

- It is necessary to recognize the contribution of all persons who somehow influenced the course of the study, in particular, the article must contain submitted references to the work that made the difference in the research.

- Authors should not submit the manuscript which has been submitted to another journal and is under consideration, as well as an article already published in another journal.

- Co-authors of the article should include all persons who have made significant contributions to the study. Among the sponsors it is unacceptable to designate persons who did not participate in the study.

- If the author finds significant errors or inaccuracies in the article on the stage of examination or after its publication, they must as soon as possible notify the Editor.

The journal has no article publishing charges (APCs).

Authorship and AI tools

Authors should not list AI-assisted technologies, such as LLMs, chatbots, or image creators, as authors or co-authors. AI tools used in research or manuscript preparation must be transparently disclosed in the cover letter, acknowledgments, and methods section. Authors are responsible for accuracy, avoiding plagiarism, and guarding against AI-induced bias. Editors may reject manuscripts for inappropriate AI use, and reviewers must refrain from AI-generated reviews to maintain confidentiality.

See also: COPE position statement about authorship and AI tools

AI-generated images and other multimedia are not allowed in our journal without explicit permission from the editors.  Exceptions may be considered for content in manuscript directly related to AI or machine learning, subject to evaluation on an individual basis.