Causes and consequences of Russia’s aggression against the states of the Black Sea region in 2008 and 2014

  • Валентин Балюк профессор, доктор политических наук, Факультет политологии, Университет Марии Кюри-Склодовской, пл. Литовская 3, 20-080 Люблин, Польша https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3295-4872
Ключові слова: aggression, Russia, Ukraine, Georgia

Анотація

Согласно нормам международного права действия России против Грузии (2008) и Украины (2014) необходимо однозначно квалифицировать как агрессию. Агрессивная политика России является следствием отката от демократии и возврата к имперской политике прошлого. Но особое внимание заслуживает политика России в области управления конфликтами низкой интенсивности на постсоветском пространстве, в которых она играет двойную роль – стороны конфликта и посредника. В результате военной агрессии России против Грузии и Украины страна агрессор фактически оккупировала Южную Осетию, Абхазию, Крым и часть Донецкой и Луганской областей. Только в ситуации с Крымом Россия провела прямую аннексию, тогда как в других случаях мы имеем дело с гибридной аннексией части территорий сопредельных государств. Асимметрия потенциалов между Россией, с одной стороны, Грузией и Украиной, с другой стороны, не представляет возможным самостоятельно противостоять российской агрессии и оккупации. Поэтому дипломатическая, юридическая, экономическая и военная поддержка международным сообществом странам жертвам агрессии является очень важным действием на пути соблюдения норм международного права, принципов суверенитета, территориальной целостности и права на самооборону.

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Опубліковано
2020-12-08
Як цитувати
Балюк, В. (2020). Causes and consequences of Russia’s aggression against the states of the Black Sea region in 2008 and 2014. Дриновський збірник, 13, 175-190. https://doi.org/10.7546/DS.2020.13.19