Agriculture and economic development in Nepal: an analysis from the perspective of Kautilya’s Arthashastra
The book Kautilya Arthashastra written in Sanskrit language before 2500 year in India, discuss theories and principles of governing a state. The treatise deals thoroughly with statecraft, economics, espionage, administration, war, science, ecology and various other aspects pertaining to human living. The subject of research of the article is analytical part of the agriculture and economic development of Nepal as compared with the Kautilya Arthashastra. The goal is to develop proper management of that tools where the improvement institutionally and structurally in agriculture sector. The overall objective of this study is the entire parts of Kautilya Arthashastra, the bases for the economic development from the agricultural development has been selected, and comparative study is done with the present agriculture and economic development of Nepal along with reviewing its compatibility has been evaluated. The method of study is the descriptive and analytical in nature. The analytical tool has depends on the conceptual and development frame works and descriptive research design has been applied by quantitatively and qualitatively. The result of the study is the base of economic development is development of agriculture sector is important in Kautilya Arthashastra and is still equally important in Nepal. While comparing today with Kautilya Arthashastra, he has also mentioned that production is impossible without the development of agricultural sector and life is not happy without agriculture production and that is important from theoretical and practical point of view. This research article is conclude that the agriculture development was the backbone of yesterday, today and it will equally for tomorrow for economic development, only dimensions can differ in that.
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