Zoning of highways of the Cherkasy region according to the degree of formation of ecosystem relations

Keywords: zoning, ecosystems, highways, monitoring, landscapes


The research is due to the great attention paid to the preservation and restoration of biodiversity in the countries of the European Union.

Purpose. Carrying out zoning of the Cherkasy region according to the degree of completeness of the formation of roadside landscapes ecosystemsю

Methods.  From a methodological point of view, zoning is considered as one of the main methods of geographical analysis a nd synthesis. Zoning performs the function of a general geographic method of organizing spatial diversity in the geographic envelope and systematizing territorial formations at the regional level, which makes it an essential element of a systematic approach in geography.

Results.  The monitoring parameters of the infrastructure components of the main highways of the Cherkassy region (Kyiv-Odesa and Vinnytsia-Uman) used by us can be used for zoning, provided they are combined into logically formed factor groups. In particular, we combined all the initial parameters into the following groups of factors: natural-geographic factor: geolocation (geographic coordinates), air temperature and humidity, natural radiation background; degree of anthropogenic impact: noise level, dustiness, some geochemical indicators, proximity (or remoteness) of the road surface from agricultural land; the degree of manifestation of ecosystem relations: the number of plant species and their recurrence, the presence of invasive species and those that are indicators of salinity and waterlogging, the presence of species included in the National Catalog of Biotopes of Ukraine. Based on the list of main groups of factors, the main indicator of zoning will be the degree of completeness of the formation of roadside ecosystems.

Conclutions. Taking into account the activation of ruderal flora at the exits from gas stations, or on remote sections of highways, it can be asserted that in these locations the Le Chatelier-Brown principle is fully in effect, according to which the biosphere compensates for the harmful effects from the outside with its diversity. The author sees prospects for further research in the expansion of the list of objects, in particular, it will be very interesting to investigate the formation of ecosystem relations on secondary communication routes.


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Author Biography

S. P. Ogilko , Uman National University of Horticulture, 1, Instytutska Str., Uman, 20305, Ukraine

Graduate Student of the Department of Ecology and Life Safety




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How to Cite
Ogilko , S. P. (2023). Zoning of highways of the Cherkasy region according to the degree of formation of ecosystem relations. Man and Environment. Issues of Neoecology, (40), 33-41. https://doi.org/10.26565/1992-4224-2023-40-03