CONCEPT OF THE POPULATION SOCIAL VULNERABILITY: RETROSPECTIVE OF FORMATION AND MODERN INTERPRETATIONS
The article is devoted to the formation of conceptual provisions of the population social vulnerability as insufficiently disclosed issues for Ukrainian society. We examine that vulnerabilities can take many forms. The study of biophysical, informational, psychological and social vulnerabilities is widespread in the social sciences. We find that social vulnerability should be considered as an indicator of the current state and potential consequences of the systemic crisis in a given area due to the inability of the population to meet their needs and exercise their rights with limited resources or difficult situations.
We found that systematic research of social vulnerability in the works of foreign scientists with the functioning of powerful scientific centers specifies the methodology of analysis in different areas. Initial research was carried out in natural-technogenic and ecological directions, raising the question of the interaction of man and the environment. Socio-demographic direction, which at the present stage has been transformed into socio-inclusive, determines the special conditions for reducing the vulnerability of individuals by age, gender, valeological, racial, ethnic and other characteristics. The response strategies and strengthening of infrastructure in the system of forming the resilience of communities and territories are substantiated at the junction of management and spatial areas.
We discovered that studies of the social vulnerability of Ukrainian economists are still limited. The socio-economic direction of research of the population vulnerability is very perspective. It actualizes equality and justice in access to resources, creation of the opportunities environment of human development. The population social vulnerability should be considered in an expanded context and take into account the permanent state of society, which may be more acute and more difficult to recover after the strengthening of risk effects.
We justified that the complexity of understanding of social vulnerability is revealed by its theoretical and methodological platform. It points to the predominance of systemic, institutional and spatial-structural approaches. The systematization of theoretical justifications confirms that the research should cover the preconditions, causes, manifestations of vulnerability, its behavioral aspects, consequences and regulatory mechanisms.
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