Studying the relationship between meditation and mindfulness, dissociative manifestations, and emotional intelligence
The article presents the results of an empirical study of the relationship between previous meditation experience and the ability to be aware (mindfulness), dissociative manifestations and emotional intelligence, a brief overview of the history of the emergence of the concept of mindfulness and the concept of meditation related to it. Based on the scientific and theoretical analysis, the results of the influence of this ability on personal manifestations and regulation of stressful conditions are summarized. The results of the conducted research indicate significant differences between practitioners and non-practitioners of meditation, in particular, the average score of practitioners is higher for all the methods used ("Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire - (POM-39)", R. Bayer, 2006 in adaptation Y. Kaplunenko, V. Kuchyna, 2021); "Dissociative Experiences Scale - "DES", E.M. Bernstein & F.W. Putnam, 1986; "Test of Emotional Intelligence" (Emotional Intelligence "EQ", N. Hall). It was established that the presence of previous experience of meditation practice has a positive effect on the ability to be aware (mindfulness) and the development of emotional intelligence (p = 0.04). Positive correlations were identified between the capacity for mindfulness and emotional intelligence (at the level of 0.69) and negative correlations between mindfulness and dissociation (at the level of 0.19), which confirms the effectiveness of this approach for the development of emotionality, stress resistance and integration of experience. Further research will help to deepen and differentiate the obtained results.
Baer, R. A. (2003). Mindfulness training as a clinical intervention: A conceptual and empirical review. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 10, 125-143.
Banks, K., Newman, E., & Saleem, J. (2015). An Overview of the Research on Mindfulness-Based Interventions for Treating Symptoms of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: A Systematic Review. Journal of clinical psychology, 71(10), 935–963. https://doi.org/10.1002/jclp.22200
Bishop, S.R., Lau, M., & Devins, G. (2004). Mindfulness: a Proposed Operational Definition. Clinical Psychology: Science & Practice. 11(3). 230 241. https://doi.org/10.1093/clipsy.bph077
Boyd, J. E., Lanius, R. A., & McKinnon, M. C. (2018). Mindfulness-based treatments for posttraumatic stress disorder: a review of the treatment literature and neurobiological evidence. Journal of psychiatry & neuroscience : JPN, 43(1), 7-25. https://doi.org/10.1503/jpn.170021
Brown, K.W. & Ryan, R.M. (2003). The Benefits of Being Present: Mindfulness and Its Role in Psychological Well-Being. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 84(4). pp. 822–848. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-35184.108.40.2062
Carmody, J., & Baer, R. A. (2008). Relationships between mindfulness practice and levels of mindfulness, medical and psychological symptoms and well-being in a mindfulnessbased stress reduction program. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 31(1), 23-33. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10865-007-9130-7
Hopwood, T. L., & Schutte, N. S. (2017). A meta-analytic investigation of the impact of mindfulness-based interventions on post traumatic stress. Clinical psychology review, 57, 12–20. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cpr.2017.08.002
Kabat-Zinn, J. (2003). Mindfulness-Based interventions in context: Past, present, and future. Clinical Psychology: Science & Practice, 10(2): 144 156.
Kabat-Zinn, J. (2013) Full catastrophe living: Using the wisdom of your body and mind to face stress, pain, and illness. New York: Bantam Books Trade Paperbacks.
Kaplan, A. (1985). Jewish Meditation. New York: Schocken Books, p. 40-53.
Kaplunenko, Y., Kuchyna, V. (2022). Adaptation and validation of five factor mindfulness questionnaire. International Journal of Innovative Technologies in Social Science, (1(33). https://doi.org/10.31435/rsglobal_ijitss/30032022/7795 [in Ukrainian]
Khoury, B., Lecomte, T., & Hofmann, S. G. (2013). Mindfulness-based therapy: A comprehensive meta-analysis. Clinical Psychology Review, 33(6), 763-771. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cpr.2013.05.005
Lustyk, M.K.B., Chanla, N., & Marlatt, G. A. (2009). Mindfulness meditation research: issues of participant screening, safety procedures, and researcher training. Advance, 24(1), 20-30. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/45424066_Mindfulness_Meditation_Research_Issues_of_Participant_Screening_Safety_Procedures_and_Researcher_Training
Murphy, M., Donovan, S. & Taylor, E. (1997). The physical and psychological effects of meditation: A review of contemporary research with a comprehensive bibliography, 1931-1996 (2nd ed.). Sausalito, Calif.: Institute of Noetic Sciences.
Germer, C.K.; Siegel, R.D.; Fulton, P.R. (2005). Mindfulness and psychotherapy. New York, NY US: Guilford Press.
Purser, R. (2019). McMindfulness: How mindfulness became the new capitalist spirituality. Repeater.
Purser, R. & Loy, D. (2013). Beyond mcmindfulness. Huffington post, 1(7), 13.
Teasdale, J. D., Segal, Z. V. & Williams, J.M.G. (1995). How Does Cognitive Therapy Prevent Depressive Relapse and Why Should Attentional Control (Mindfulness) Training Help? Behaviour Research and Therapy, 33, 25-39. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0005-7967(94)E0011-7
Schafer, C. The Lived Experience of Mental Health Professionals Who Practice Mindfulness and Work with Trauma Survivors The Chicago School of Professional Psychology ProQuest Dissertations Publishing, 2017. 10182400. https://www.proquest.com/openview/3069a40b596bb6e8d487182a1ff8aac7/1?pq-origsite=gscholar&cbl=18750
Skrypak, I. (2022). The universal principle of meditation as a tool to overcome loneliness of a modern human: philosophical, anthropological and religious aspects. Visnyk of the Lviv University. Series Philos.-Political Studies, Issue 43, p. 173–182. https://doi.org/10.30970/PPS.2022.43.22 [in Ukrainian]
West M. (1991). The Psychology of Meditation: Research and Practice. https://books.google.com.au/books?hl=en&lr=&id=MQNOCwAAQBAJ&oi=fnd&pg=PP1&dq=the+psychology+of+meditation&ots=SsrEXTES6X&sig=UtP_o3h3xrneM5v1kFemUFHa1BA#v=onepage&q=the%20psychology%20of%20meditation&f=false
Whomsley St., Russell T. A. (2022) Mindfulnessbased approaches: A guide for psychologists https://lnkd.in/exSs9W7D