Дистанційне лазерне зондування урбанізованого середовища для імплементації Концепції «Розумного Міста»

  • Sergiy Vasylovych Kostrikov Харківський національний університет імені В.Н. Каразіна https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4236-8474
Ключові слова: лідар, дистанційне лазерне зондування, урбанізоване середовище, геопросторова площина концепції «Розумне Місто», інтерфейс і функціональність веб-застосування ГІС, сценарії застосування програмного забезпечення, система підтримки прийняття рішень

Анотація

У статті розглядається методологічна послідовність впровадження Концепції «Розумного Міста» (КРМ) - від удосконалення і подальшого розвитку її окремих теоретичних положень до визначення заходів щодо її практичної імплементації через ГІС-моделювання і просторовий аналіз міського (урбанізованого) середовища на підставі даних дистанційного лазерного зондування.

На підставі значного літературного огляду розглядаються як запити і виклики щодо досліджень урбанізованих територій, взагалі, так і щодо КРМ, зокрема. Робляться уточнення і узагальнення окремих положень цієї концепції. Урбогеосистемний підхід подається сталою методологією, яка може суттєво додати до успішної реалізації КРМ. З точки зору цього підходу наводиться авторська дефініція категорії «Розумне Місто».

Розроблена і подається методична послідовність робочого процесу «дистанційне зондування – лідар – ГІС» для формалізованого відтворення «розумного міського середовища». Розглядаються ГІС-інтерфейс та функціональність оригінального програмного веб-застосування із обробки лідар-даних. Зокрема, подається домашня веб-сторінка з трьома головними функціональними інструментами: Виокремлення архітектури забудов та іншої інфраструктури міста; Визначення динамічних змін у міських забудовах; Генерація топографічної поверхні міста. У якості тільки кількох із множини можливих прикладів розглядаються п’ять сценаріїв (use cases – англ.) застосування програмного забезпечення для впровадження КРМ. На завершення узагальнюються результати дослідження, робиться наголос на необхідності розробки ключового компоненту системи підтримки прийняття рішень - бази геоданих для «урбанізованого геоінформаційного простору».

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Біографія автора

Sergiy Vasylovych Kostrikov, Харківський національний університет імені В.Н. Каразіна

доктор геогр. н., професор

Посилання

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Опубліковано
2019-07-10
Як цитувати
Kostrikov, S. (2019). Дистанційне лазерне зондування урбанізованого середовища для імплементації Концепції «Розумного Міста». Вісник Харківського національного університету імені В. Н. Каразіна, Cерія «Геологія. Географія. Екологія», (50), 101-124. https://doi.org/10.26565/2410-7360-2019-50-08