Remote monitoring of the consequences of hostilities on the territory of the Kharkiv region
With connection with the full-scale Russian military aggression, the issue of clear spatial fixation of violations of natural complexes and their components has become extremely urgent. The consequences of projectiles and rockets, fires that arose as a result of shelling, military fortification activities, etc. led to the direct disturbance of landscapes, as well as their chemical pollution. This, in turn, has an extremely negative impact on the state of the environment and leads to indirect impacts. The quality of drinking water and crop production is deteriorating, soil fertility is decreasing, and the biodiversity of the territories is decreasing.
Purpose. The possibilities of fixing and monitoring damage to land resources based on the use of free space images and free geoinformation software.
Methods. Space images of the Planet Scope apparatus were taken as the information basis. Viewing, uploading and analysis of images took place in the free geographic information system (GIS) QGIS 3.12
Results. The research was conducted on the territory of Rohan settlement united territorial community (SOTG), which is located in the Kharkiv district of the Kharkiv region. According to the method of monitoring natural and agricultural land, deciphering data from space images shows that in 2022, 916 explosions were formed as a result of shelling of the territory of Rohansk SOTG. A set of maps related to the explosive danger and chemical contamination of the territory of the Rohansk SOTG was created, the decoding of space images of the territory of the Rogansk SOTG in different periods of time was carried out. Following the monitoring of agricultural lands, traces of bomb-trubbing were recorded. Maps of the results of recording the effects of bombing, a thermal map of the density of eddies, a map of the hydrological analysis of the territory that may be polluted as a result of bombing have been created.
Conclusions. The methodology for monitoring natural and agricultural lands based on space survey data was developed. The created set of maps related to the explosive danger and chemical pollution of the territory of Rohansk SOTG can be used for planning further studies of the state of the environment and rationalization of economic activity.
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Achasov, A., Seliverstov, O., Diadin, D., & Siedov, A. (2023). Remote monitoring of the consequences of hostilities on the territory of Rohan united territorial community. Proceedings of the XXV Interna-tional Scientific and Practical Conference: Ecology, environmental protection and balanced nature use: education - science - production – 2023. Kharkiv, 2023, April 27-28 (pp. 93-94). Kharkiv: V.N. Karazin Kharkiv National University. (in Ukranian).
Copyright (c) 2023 Achasov А. B. , Seliverstov О. Yu., Diadin D. V., Siedov А. О.
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