ASSESSMENT OF MIGRATION ATTITUDES AND PROFESSIONAL ASPIRATIONS OF SCIENTISTS IN THE CONDITIONS OF WAR IN UKRAINE
In the article, the authors investigated the intentions of Ukrainian scientists, teachers, students and researchers regarding further steps in their professional activities and plans for an academic career. To do this, we conducted a survey of Ukrainian scientists whose activities have undergone changes under the influence of Russian military aggression. We determined that the war in Ukraine has brought about changes in the implementation of scientific research work, as 22.4% of respondents do not currently have sufficient conditions and opportunities to continue scientific research. The results of the survey allow us to assert the significant volumes of intellectual migration from Ukraine caused by the war. Evaluating changes in the professional environment, 29.3% of respondents noted that they personally know up to 5 people who were forced to leave Ukraine in search of a safe place to live. At the same time, 28% of respondents answered that they know more than 10 such people. We analysed the level of participation in the educational or research process of intellectual migrants. The vast majority of respondents in their answers noted (79.9%) that scientists and researchers who left Ukraine after the start of hostilities on its territory continue to work remotely in Ukraine. At the same time, 14.4% of respondents noted that such forced migration had a positive impact on educational or research activities, as they found a new (or additional) opportunity for teaching or research work at a foreign institution. An important positive feature of the migration attitudes of Ukrainian scientists, researchers and teachers is their desire to continue educational activities, even if the war does not end in the near future - 76.2% of respondents gave an affirmative answer to this question. The carried out scientific research allows us to assert the high value of scientific research activity even in the conditions of war in Ukraine.
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