Experience and benefits of using green roofs as an element in green infrastructure

Keywords: green infrastructure, ecosystem services, green roof, biodiversity, benefits of green investment


Purpose. To analyze the international experience of using green roofs an element of green infrastructure as, to outline the main advantages of using this element, to analyze the ways of implementation in Ukraine and to identify difficulties in this process.

Results. Modern processes of urbanization lead to a reduction in the number of green spaces, climate change, an increase in the city's heat island, the impoverishment of biodiversity and more. The use of green infrastructure strategy provides a foundation for further sustainable urban development. Green infrastructure plays a key role in finding a balance between nature and urbanization. It can solve a number of problems, as well as improve the quality of ecosystem services. An analysis of scientific sources on the use of such an element of green infrastructure as green roofs was performed. It has been established that green roofs have a very long history of creation in the Scandinavian countries, their use dates back to 1500 years, in European countries the most advanced country is Germany. The implementation of green roofs has significant advantages when properly implemented can provide a wide range of ecosystem services. However, there are some subtleties for their proper implementation.

Conclusions. The implementation of green roof technology in different countries has different features, the common denominator is that when choosing plants it is necessary to use local plants that are adapted to the climatic conditions of a particular area, you need a legal basis to develop this idea. Taking into account all the benefits of using this technology, we can state that their implementation is a necessary today for adaptation to climate change.


Download data is not yet available.

Author Biography

A. A. Hrechko, V. N. Karazin Kharkiv National University, 6, Svobody Sqr., 61022, Kharkiv, Ukraine

Graduate Student of the Department of Environmental Monitoring and Protected Area


Maksymenko, N. V., & Burchenko, S. V. (2019). Theoretical Basis of the Green Infrastructure Strategy: International Experience. Man and Environment. Issues of Neoecology, 31, 16-25. https://doi.org/10.26565/1992-4224-2019-31-02

Austin, G. (2014). Green Infrastructure for Landscape Planning. Integrating human and natural systems. Routledge.

Nekos, A. N., & Bielkina, O. V. (2019). Video Environmental Assessment of the Administrative Regions Within Urbgeosystem Territories. Man and Environment. Issues of Neoecology, 31, 75-83. https://doi.org/10.26565/1992-4224-2019-31-07

Green Infrastructure (GI) – Enhancing Europe’s Natural Capital. (2913). European Commission: Brussels, Belgium.

Biodiversity by design. A guide for sustainable communities. Town and Country Planning Association, London, (2004). Retrieved from https://tcpa.org.uk/data/files/bd_biodiversity.pdf

Tzoulas, K., Korpela, K., Venn, S., Yli-Pelkonen, V., Kazmierczak, A., Niemela, J., & James, P. (2007). Promoting ecosystem and human health in urban areas using Green Infrastructure: A literature review. Landscape and Urban Planning, 81, 167–178. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landurbplan.2007.02.001

Dover, John W. (2015). Green infrastructure. Incorporating plants and enhancing biodiversity in buildings and urban environments. Routledge, New York, 350.

EPA (2008). Managing Wet Weather with Green Infrastructure. Action Strategy, 38. . Retrieved from https://www.researchgate.net/publication/316216209_Managing_Wet_Weather_with_Green_Infrastructure

Green Infrastructure Guidance. Natural England, Sheffield, (2009). Retrieved from https://water.rutgers.edu/Green_Infrastructure_Guidance_Manual/2016-08-10_REV1_Manu-al.compressed.pdf

Planning a green-blue city: a how-to guide for planning urban greening and enhanced stormwater management in Victoria. (2017) Department of Environment, Land, Water and Planning. 76. Retrieved from https://www.water.vic.gov.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0029/89606/Green-blue-Infrastructure-Guidelines-Feb17.pdf

Hongqing Liu, Fanhua Kong, Haiwei Yin, Ariane Middel, ... Zhihao Wen (2021). Impacts of green roofs on water, temperature, and air quality: A bibliometric review. Building and Environmental, 196. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.buildenv.2021.107794

Peng, Z., & Garner, B. (2022). Two green roof detention models applied in two green roof systems. Journal of Hydrologic Engineering. 27 (2). https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)HE.1943-5584.0002155

Köhler, M., & Clements, M. (2013). Green Roofs, Ecological Functions. Springer Reference. Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-0851-3_207

Teotónio, I., Oliveira Cruz C., Matos Silva C., & Morais J. (2020). Investing in Sustainable Built Environments: The Willingness to Pay for Green Roofs and Green Walls. Sustainability. 12, 8. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12083210

Rubaszek, J., Szymanowski, M., Michalski, A., Tatko, R., & Weber-Siwirska M., (2021). Procedure for the selection and evaluation of prefabricated housing buildings for the implementation of green roofs in the context of Urban Heat Island mitigation. The example of Wrocław, Poland. PLoS ONE. 16(10). https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0258641

Saadatian, O., aSopian K., Salleh E., aLim C.H., Riffat , S., Saadatian E., Toudeshki, A., & Sulaiman M.Y. (2013). A review of energy aspects of green roofs. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews. 23. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2013.02.022

Shishegar, N. (2012). Green roofs: enhancing energy and environmental performance of buildings. International Conference on Clean Energy, September 10-12, Quebec, Canada. Retrieved from https://www.researchgate.net/publication/279852236_GREEN_ROOFS_ENHANCING_ENERGY_AND_ENVIRONMENTAL_PERFORMANCE_OF_BUILDINGS-Nastaran-Shishegar

Drozd, W. (2019). Problems and benefits of using green roofs in Poland. IOP Conf. Series: Earth and Environmental Science 214. https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/214/1/012076

Xinyan, Yang A., Wei, J. (2018). Green Roof. Handbook of Energy Systems in Green Buildings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-49120-1_51

Ruksana, A., Khandoker, I.,& Khandoker, S. (2016). Exactitude of Green Roof in Planned Residential Areas withSignificant Vegetation at Ground Level (Tropical Climate). PLEA2016 Los Angeles - Cities, Buildings, People: Towards Regenerative Environments, 11-13 July. Retrieved from https://www.researchgate.net/publication/303402690_IMPACT_OF_GREEN_ROOF_ON_URBAN_CANOPY_LAYER_MICROCLIMATES_IN_A_PLANNED_RESIDENTIAL_AREA_OF_DHAKA_BANGLADESH

Rapisarda, R., Nocera, F.; Costanzo, V. Sciuto, G., & Caponetto, R. (2022). Hydroponic Green Roof Systems as an Alternative to Traditional Pond and Green Roofs: A Literature Review. Energies 15, 2190. https://doi.org/10.3390/en15062190

Pyrgou, A., Yang, J., & Santamouris, M. (2017). Green roofs’ urban heat island mitigation potential in tropical climates for institutional buildings. 14th Asia Pacific Conference on the Built Environment (APCBE). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.solener.2018.08.006

Briz, J., Köhler, M., I. de Felipe. (2015). GREEN CITIES IN THE WORLD. Cimapress. 364. Retrieved from http://worldgreeninfrastructurenetwork.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/05/1.Green-cities-book1_BookcompleteMarch2014_compressed_compressed.pdf

Amparo Verdú-Vázquez, Eva Fernández-Pablos, Rafael V. Lozano-Diez & Óscar López-Zaldívar (2020). Green space networks as natural infrastructures in PERI-URBAN areas.. Urban Ecosystems. Springer Link. 24, 187-204. Retrieved from https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11252-020-01019-w

Vera, S., Pinto, C., Tabares-Velasco, P. C.,Bustamante, W.,Victorero, F.,Gironás, J.,Bonilla, C. A. (2017): Influence of vegetation, substrate, and thermal insulation of an extensive vegetated roof on the thermal performance of retail stores in semiarid and marine climates. Energy Build. 146, 312–321. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enbuild.2017.04.037

How to Cite
Hrechko, A. A. (2022). Experience and benefits of using green roofs as an element in green infrastructure. Visnyk of V. N. Karazin Kharkiv National University Series «Еcоlogy», (26), 32-42. https://doi.org/10.26565/1992-4259-2022-26-03