Donors of valuable breeding traits of pea (Pisum sativum L.)

Keywords: pea, collection, donors, genetic trait control, breeding, breeding value


Analysis of the existing basic collections and identification of the core collections with clearly defined properties are important stages of the plant genetic banks activities. The NCPGRU pea collection has not been studied through this lens. The article presents results of the study of pea (Pisum sativum L. subsp. sativum) accessions as donors of valuable breeding traits for its multipurpose use in agriculture and processing industries. We examined 307 accessions representing the breeding material from the working pea collection of the Laboratory of Grain Legume Breeding of the Plant Production Institute named after V.Ya. Yuriev and the collection accessions of various eco-geographical origins of the National Center for Plant Genetic Resources of Ukraine (NCPGRU). Eleven donors were selected by one or more important agronomic traits in combination with valuable economic characteristics (yield, performance, protein content in seeds, disease resistance (Fusarium wilt and Ascochyta blight)). The cultivars Modus, Efektnyi (multi-flowering (fn fna), leafless (tendril) (af)), Tsarevych (seed shedding resistance (def), leafless (af)), and SL DTR 94-120 (multi-flowering (fn fna), luhansk type of determinancy (d)) were chosen as donors for the grain pea breeding. Orpella (anthocyanin pigmentation of the corolla (A)) and Rezonator (stem length (Le)) were used for the grain/fodder pea breeding; Kharkivskyi Yantarnyi and Banan (seed culinary qualities) – for the groats pea breeding; Stambovyi (parchmentless pods (pv), fascicle stems (fa fas) and Asgrow sead (wrinkled seeds (r), leafless (af), multi-flowering (fn fna)) – for the garden pea breeding; Violena (the rb gene carrier – amylose-free starch) – for the technical pea breeding. All the accessions proved their donor capacities. A qualitatively new input material for practical selection has been derived by means of hybridization with some cultivars (Kharkivskyi Yantarnyi, Banan, Tsarevych, Violena, Asgrow seed). Further study of the NCHRRU pea collection aimed at identification of valuable accessions and creation a core collection is essential.


Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

А. Vasylenko, Plant Production Institute named after V.Ya. Yuriev of the NAAS of Ukraine

Moskovskiy Ave., 142, Kharkiv, Ukraine, 61060,

N. Vus, V.N. Karazin Kharkiv National University

Svobody Sq., 4, Kharkiv, Ukraine, 61022,

I. Bezuglyi, Plant Production Institute named after V.Ya. Yuriev of the NAAS of Ukraine

Moskovskiy Ave., 142, Kharkiv, Ukraine, 61060,

О. Bezugla, Plant Production Institute named after V.Ya. Yuriev of the NAAS of Ukraine

Moskovskiy Ave., 142, Kharkiv, Ukraine, 61060,

L. Shevchenko, Plant Production Institute named after V.Ya. Yuriev of the NAAS of Ukraine

Moskovskiy Ave., 142, Kharkiv, Ukraine, 61060,

Е. Kucherenko, Plant Production Institute named after V.Ya. Yuriev of the NAAS of Ukraine

Moskovskiy Ave., 142, Kharkiv, Ukraine, 61060,

А. Glyantsev, Plant Production Institute named after V.Ya. Yuriev of the NAAS of Ukraine

Moskovskiy Ave., 142, Kharkiv, Ukraine, 61060,


Alikina О.V., Besedin А.G. (2016). Starting material to create garden pea cultivars in the Kuban. Vegetable Crops of Russia, 1(30), 14–17. (in Russian)

Archak S., Tyagi R.K., Harer P.N. et al. (2016). Characterization of chickpea germplasm conserved in the Indian National Genebank and development of a core set using qualitative and quantitative trait data. The Crop Journal, 4, 417–424.

Ayeh K.O., Lee Y., Ambrose M.J. et al. (2011). Growth, seed development and genetic analysis in wild type and Def mutant of Pisum sativum L. BMC Res, 4, 489.

Bezuhla О.M., Vasylenko А.О., Kobyzeva L.N., Bezuglyi І.M. (2014). Genetic collection of pea (Pisum sativum L.). Selection and Seed Industry, 105, 104–121. (in Ukrainian)

Bezuhlyi І.M., Vasylenko А.О., Potiomkina L.М. et al. (2018). Palatability of pea cultivars bred by the Plant Production Institute named after V.Ya. Yuriev. Bulletin of the Center for Science Provision of Agribusiness in the Kharkiv region, 24, 136–144. (in Ukrainian)

Bezuhlyi І.M., Vasylenko А.О., Hliantsev А.V., Shevchenko L.M. (2016). Innovations in pea breeding at the Plant Production Institute named after V.Ya. Yuriev. Bulletin of the Center for Science Provision of Agribusiness in the Kharkiv region, 20, 99–106. (in Ukrainian)

Bhattacharyya M., Martin C., Smith A. (1993). The importance of starch biosynthesis in the wrinkled seed shape character of peas studied by Mendel. Plant Mol Biol., 22(3), 525–531.

Bugrej I.V., Avdeenko A.P. (2012). Efficiency and the reasons of drowning of grades of peas with different morphotypes of sheet. Modern Problems of Science and Education, 1, 287. URL: (in Russian)

Churakov А.А., Valiulina L.I. (2021). Genetic resources of garden pea – a source of efficient breeding at Krasnoyarsk Scientific and Research Institute of Agriculture. URL: (in Russian)

CMEA’s international classifier of the genus Pisum L. (1990). Leningrad. 51 p. (in Russian)

Dospekhov B.А. (1985). Methods of field experiment. Мoscow: Agropromizdat. 351 p. (in Russian)

Ellis T.H.N., Hofer J.M.I., Timmerman-Vaughan G.M. et al. (2010). Мendel, 150 years on. Trends Plant Sci., 16, 590–596. 2011.06.006

FAOSTAT. (2021). URL:

Gawłowska M., Święcicki W. (2016). The fa2 gene and molecular markers mapping in the gp segment of the Pisum linkage group V. Journal of Applied Genetics, 57(3), 317–322.

Genetics of domestic plants: grain legumes, vegetables, gourds. (1990). Leningrad: Agropromizdat. 287 р. (in Russian)

Hedley C.L., Bogracheva T.Ya., Lloyd J.R., Wang T.L. (1996). Manipulation of starch composition and quality in pea seeds. Agri-food quality: an intrerdisciplinary approach. Eds. G.R. Fenwick, C.L. Hedley, R.C. Richards, S. Khorkar. Cambrige: RoyalSos. Chem. P. 138–148.

Jing R., Vershinin A., Grzebyta J. et al. (2010). The genetic diversity and evolution of field pea (Pisum) studied by high throughput retrotransposon based insertion polymorphism (RBIP) marker analysis. BMC Evol. Biol., 10, 44.

Kaigorodova I.M., Pronina E.P., Pishnaya O.N. (2013). Study of perspective models of pea as genetic sources in breeding for quality and productivity. Vegetable Crops of Russia, 1, 30–34. (in Russian)

Kobyzeva L.N., Bezugla О.M., Silenko S.І. et al. (2016). Guidelines on studying genetic resources of grain legumes. Kharkiv: Publishing House “Stil”. 84 р. (in Ukrainian)

Kobyzeva L.N., Bezuhla О.M., Biriukova О.V. (2018). History and present of the Laboratory of Genetic Resources of Grain Legumes and Groats Crops and the NCPGRU’s research results. Theoretical Studies and Practical Achievements of the Plant Production Institute named after V.Ya. Yuriev of NAAS: history and present (1908–2018). Kharkiv. P. 54–71. (in Ukrainian)

Kosterin O.E. (2015). Prospects of the use of wild relatives for pea (Pisum sativum L.) breeding. Vavilov Journal of Genetics and Breeding, 19(2),154–164. (in Russian)

Kotlyar I.P., Ushakov V.A., Pronina E.P., Kaygorodova I.M. (2019). Nature of the inheritance of number of fertile nodes in determinant forms of vegetable pea. Rossiiskaia selskokhoziaistvennaia nauka, 6, 11–14. (in Russian)

Large workshop on plant physiology. Mineral nutrition. Physiology of the cell. Growth and development. (1978). Ed. B.А. Rubin. Мoscow: Vysshaya Shkola. 408 р. (in Russian)

Makasheva R.Kh. (1979). Pea. Grain legumes. Leningrad: «Kolos». IV(1). 322 р. (in Russian)

Martin D.N., Proebsting W.M., Hedden P. (1997). Mendel’s dwarfing gene: cDNAs from the Le alleles and function of the expressed proteins. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 94(16), 8907–8911.

McGee R.J., Baggett J.R. (1992). Inheritance of stringless pod in Pisum sativum L. Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science (USA), 117(4), 628–632.

Merezhko А.F. (2005). Principles of search for and creation of donors of valuable traits in plant breeding. Identified Gene Pool of Plants and Breeding. St Petersburg. P. 189–205. (in Russian)

Pesic V., Djordjevic R., Kadhum E. et al. (2013). Influence of the afila gene on grain yield in pea (Pisum sativum L.). Bulgarian Journal of Agricultural Science, 19(2), 186–193.

Privalov F., Kilchevskiy А., Grib S. et al. (2016). Bank of plant genetic resources. Science and Innovations, 10(164), 24–27. (in Russian)

Singh M., Bhardwaj C., Singh S. et al. (2016). Chickpea genetic resources and its utilization in India: Current status and future prospects. Indian J. Genet., 76(4), 515–529.

Siniushin A.A., Gostimskiĭ S.A. (2008). Genetic control of fasciation in pea (Pisum sativum L.). Genetika, 44(6), 807–814.

Sinjushin A., Liberzon A. (2016). Contribution to genetic control of flower number in pea (Pisum sativum L.) Ratarstvo i povrtarstvo, 53(3), 116–119.

Smith A.M., Bettey M., Bedford I.D. (1989). Evidence that the rb locus alters the starch content of developing pea embryos through an effect on ADP glucose pyrophosphorylase. Plantphysiology, 89(4), 1279–1284.

Smýkal P., Aubert G., Burstin J. et al. (2012). Pea (Pisum sativum L.) in the genomic era. Agronomy, 2, 74–115,

Tymchuk S.М., Vasylenko А.О., Pozdniуkov V.V. et al. (2017). Evaluation of garden pea (Pisum sativum L.) collection accessions for carriers of the r and rb mutations. The Bulletin of Ukrainian Society of Geneticists and Breeders, 15(1), 14–19. (in Russian)

Vasylenko А.О., Bezuhlyi І.M., Shevchenko L.M. et al. (2018). Creation of pea breeding material with improved quality of seeds. Selection and Seed Industry, 114, 18–25. (in Ukrainian)

Vasylenko А.О., Tymchuk S.М., Suprun О.G. et al. (2017). Content and fatty acid composition of oil in seeds of pea mutants with modified starch. Legumes and Groat Crops, 3(23), 33–39. (in Russian)

Vishniykova М.А. (2012). Prospects of using genetic resources of grain legumes in the modern system of agricultural nature management. Legumes and Groat Crops, 3, 25–29. (in Russian)

Vishnyakova М.А., Aleksandrova Т.G., Bulynstev С.V. et al. (2016). The genetic resources of grain legumes from the Mediterranean region in the collection of the All-Union Research Institute of Plant Breeding: diversity and use. Agricultural Biology, 51(1), 31–45. (in Russian)

Wang T.L., Bogracheva T.Y., Hedley C.L. (1998). Starch: as simple as A, B, C? J. Exp. Bot., 49, 481–502.

Wang T.L., Hadavizideh A., Harwood A. et al. (1990). An analysis of seed development in Pisum sativum. XIII. The chemical induction of storage product mutants. Plant Breeding, 105, 311–320.

Zelenov А.N. (2013). On the non-shedding trait in pea. Legumes and Groat Crops, 2(6), 79–85. (in Russian)

Zhuchenko А.А. Jr. (2014). Ecological and genetic principles of mobilization of the world genetic resources of higher plants. Education, Science and Production, 2, 9–17. (in Russian)

Zhuchenko А.А. (2012). The present and future of the adaptive system of plant breeding and seed production based on the identification and systematization of their genetic resources. Agricultural Biology, 5, 3–19. (in Russian)

Zong X.-X., Guan J.-P., Wang Sh.-M. et al. (2008). Genetic diversity and core collection of alien Pisum sativum L. germplasm. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 34(9), 1518–1528.

Zubov А.Ye., Katyuк А.I. (2007). Breeding of high-yielding, top-quality and easily producible pea cultivars. Achievements of Science and Technology of AIC, 8. URL: (in Russian)

How to Cite
VasylenkoА., Vus, N., Bezuglyi, I., BezuglaО., Shevchenko, L., KucherenkoЕ., & GlyantsevА. (2021). Donors of valuable breeding traits of pea (Pisum sativum L.). The Journal of V.N.Karazin Kharkiv National University. Series «Biology», 36, 74-82.