Impact of amphiphilic compounds on post-hypertonic shock of human erythrocytes

Keywords: post-hypertonic shock, human erythrocytes, amphiphilic compounds


When the cryopreserved erythrocytes are thawed, with the ice melting the extracellular hypertonic medium changes to isotonic one, resulting in post-hypertonic cell lysis development. Under experimental conditions, the post-hypertonic shock of erythrocytes simulates the influence of cryodamage factors, acting at the erythrocyte thawing stage, as well as when the cells, cryopreserved under protection of penetrating cryoprotectant are transferred into bloodstream. Post-hypertonic shock of erythrocytes was carried out by transferring the cells from a hypertonic solution contained 1.65 mol/l NaCl (dehydration medium) into an isotonic one with 0.15 mol/l NaCl (rehydration medium) at 0ºС. The effect of specimens of various classes of amphiphilic compounds (anionic sodium decyl sulfate, non-ionic decyl-β,D-glucopyranoside, and cationic chlorpromazine) on the human erythrocyte sensitivity to post-hypertonic shock, was studied. Amphiphilic substances were supplemented into rehydration medium prior to cell introduction into it. It was shown that under post-hypertonic shock of erythrocytes, all the studied amphiphilic substances, when used in efficient concentrations, manifested a high anti-hemolytic activity (at the level of 70%). A comparative study of the efficiency of amphiphilic substances under post-hypertonic shock of erythrocytes showed differences in size of the plateau (the concentration range of amphiphilic compound, within the limits of which the minimum level of erythrocyte hemolysis was observed). Thus, it was found that for non-ionic decyl-β,D-glucopyranoside the plateau was 3 times more than for anionic sodium decyl sulfate and cationic chlorpromazine. The minimum efficient concentration for sodium decyl sulfate and the maximum one for decyl-β,D-glucopyranoside under post-hypertonic shock of erythrocytes were revealed. It is assumed that the revealed protective effect of amphiphilic compounds under post-hypertonic shock of erythrocytes is associated with their capability to integrate into membrane. This entails an increase in the surface area of the membrane and, therefore, the critical hemolytic volume of cell, which allows it to swell to a larger volume.


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Author Biographies

O. Chabanenko, Institute for Problems of Cryobiology and Cryomedicine of the NASU

Pereyaslavskaya Str., 23, Kharkiv, Ukraine, 61016,

N. Yershova, Institute for Problems of Cryobiology and Cryomedicine of the NASU

Pereyaslavskaya Str., 23, Kharkiv, Ukraine, 61016,

N. Orlova, Institute for Problems of Cryobiology and Cryomedicine of the NASU

Pereyaslavskaya Str., 23, Kharkiv, Ukraine, 61016,

N. Shpakova, Institute for Problems of Cryobiology and Cryomedicine of the NASU

Pereyaslavskaya Str., 23, Kharkiv, Ukraine, 61016,


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How to Cite
Chabanenko, O., Yershova, N., Orlova, N., & Shpakova, N. (2019). Impact of amphiphilic compounds on post-hypertonic shock of human erythrocytes. The Journal of V.N.Karazin Kharkiv National University. Series «Biology», 33, 84-90.