Morphological features of primary cultures of adrenal cells of neonatal animals of different species

Keywords: primary culture of adrenal cells, neonatal animals, pig, rabbit, mouse, monolayer, multicellular spheroids


The adrenal gland is an endocrine gland, which in the process of organogenesis is formed from ecto- and mesoderm derivatives. The mechanisms that make cell types of different origins unite, migration routes, and cell interactions are still not fully understood. One of the tools for studying these mechanisms is the primary cell culture obtained from the adrenal gland. The aim of our work was to compare the morphological features of primary cell cultures of model animals belonging to different orders – pigs, rabbits and mice in vitro under various cultivation conditions (growth surface pattern, presence of growth factors), as well as developing methodological approaches for obtaining and maintaining primary cultures of adrenal cell of neonatal animals. Cultivation was performed under standard conditions of temperature and humidity, carbon dioxide concentration, on culture surfaces with normal and reduced adhesiveness in a nutrient medium DMEM enriched with 10% fetal calf serum (FTS) or growth supplements B-27 and FGF. It was established that cell cultures of adrenal neonatal rabbits and piglets that were cultured under conditions of normal adhesion and using FCS had a heterogeneous composition, and were presented as a monolayer consisting of cells of several morphological types, and multicellular spheroids (MS). When cultivated on the surface with reduced adhesive properties in cultures of adrenal glands of piglets and rabbits, a cell monolayer was not formed, but flotation MCs were formed. After transferring MCs of both species to the adhesive culture surface on day 14, cell eviction, their migration from the MCs and formation of a monolayer are observed. Similar stages in the development of primary cell cultures derived from rabbits and piglets suggest the existence of a universal cellular composition in the neonatal adrenal glands of these species and allow applying the same approaches to the primary cultures derived from them. Unlike other studied species, monolayer and MS formation does not occur in cell cultures of mouse neonatal adrenal glands. Cultures consist of single attached and floating cells and small cell aggregates.


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Author Biographies

O. Novikova, Institute for Problems of Cryobiology and Cryomedicine of the NASU

Pereyaslavskaya Str., 23, Kharkiv, Ukraine, 61016,

G. Bozhok, Institute for Problems of Cryobiology and Cryomedicine of the NASU

Pereyaslavskaya Str., 23, Kharkiv, Ukraine, 61016,

T. Bondarenko, Institute for Problems of Cryobiology and Cryomedicine of the NASU

Pereyaslavskaya Str., 23, Kharkiv, Ukraine, 61016,


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How to Cite
Novikova, O., Bozhok, G., & Bondarenko, T. (2019). Morphological features of primary cultures of adrenal cells of neonatal animals of different species. The Journal of V.N.Karazin Kharkiv National University. Series «Biology», 33, 63-70.