Labor Rights of Minors Under Martial Law in Ukraine
In this article, the main attention is paid to the protection of the labor rights of minors in the conditions of martial law and hostilities that are ongoing in Ukraine, during the hostilities, the Ukrainian labor market lost a quarter of the able-bodied population, who were evacuated abroad. In such a situation, employers are forced to place minors in private enterprises and institutions, compensating for the resources of employees and taking into account the fact that as a result of the de-occupation of the territories, services for children have ceased to function to protect the rights of minors. At the same time, it is necessary to understand all the risks of the post-war labor market and, at the legislative level, create conditions for its stabilization and retention of citizens in their workplaces with respect for guaranteed human rights. This especially applies to minors who already work at Ukrainian enterprises or plan to work for them. Accordingly, it is relevant to study the specifics of ensuring the labor rights of minors under martial law.
On the organization of labor relations under martial law: Law of Ukraine dated March 15, 2022 No. 2136-IX. URL: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/2136-20#Text (date of application 05/22/2022).
Code of Labor Laws of Ukraine. URL: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/322-08#Text.
Declaration of the rights of the child. Adopted by resolution 1386 (XIV) of the UN General Assembly of November 20, 1959. URL: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/995_384#TextAbout childhood protection April 26, 2001 No. 2402-III. URL: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/2402-14#Text
The Constitution of Ukraine of June 28, 1996. URL: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/254%D0%BA/96-%D0%B2%D1%80.
On the protection of childhood: Law of Ukraine dated April 26, 2001 No. 2402-III. URL: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/2402-14#Text (date of application 05/14/2022).
Raqib S. How Wars and Disasters Fuel Child Labor. URL: https://www.hrw.org/news/2017/06/12/how-wars-and-disasters-fuel-child-labor.
Dudin V.I. Labor relations under martial law. URL: https://www.Pravda.com.ua.
Copyright (c) 2023 Dubovyk K. Ye.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).