• Denys R. Bakirov PhD student of Philosophy, Teaching Assistant (Faculty of Philosophy), Department of Theory of Culture and Philosophy of Science, V. N. Karazin Kharkiv National University
Keywords: Bildung, adult development, big history, Bronze Age, Axial Age, philosophy, adical orthodoxy, theology, stages of development


I aim to examine the three dimensions of Bronze Age culture: science based on the procedural knowing of skills (techne); law based on the arbitrary will of the powerful (despotism); and the cult based on the worship of willpower (Pagan idolatry). I hypothesise that the feedback loop between such science, law and cult amounts to the education that teaches humans to rise up against nature and reality as such. Since procedural science empowers us to coerce our environment, to transform the world while avoiding being transformed by it, it issues in education that is divorced from transformation. Since the people who are educated to impose will on their environment value the power to impose will above all else, they legally sanction and religiously sanctify the arbitrary exercise of power – the freedom of choice of the strongest. Procedural knowing and mythological storytelling as a medium of communication teach people servility, subservience to the will of the powerful, and idolatry, the worship of willpower. The law protects the freedom of those who excel at coercion, i.e. the people in power, to do whatever they want. Idolatry teaches people to worship the rulers who have the power to coerce the world. The will of the powerful is thus poised in mid-air, in revolt against its own terms and the natural course of time and change. And the society at the mercy of the ruler’s freedom to choose is the society where the feedback between lawmaking and the ‘news’ about reality is simply no longer there, where there is no self-scrutiny that makes social organisms conscious and creative with regard to their code of conduct, where statesmen “oppress the poor and needy and mistreat the alien, denying them justice”, and “prophets whitewash these deeds for them by false visions and lying divinations” (Ezekiel 22:29, 22:28).  In the Bronze Age, science, law and religion failed to do their job because they became subservient to the irrational, unjust and demonic will of the powerful, bound to sanction and sanctify the arbitrary choices of people in power. I use the Hebrew Scripture as the record of human fall into the possessive form of relationship that defines the Bronze Age – into slavery.


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How to Cite
Bakirov, D. R. (2021). THE BIG HISTORY OF EDUCATION. PART ⅖. THE BRONZE AGE. “THE PRISON OF THE WILL” . The Journal of V. N. Karazin Kharkiv National University. Series "Theory of Culture and Philosophy of Science", (64), 79-91.