Violence Against Infants and Children - Practical Implications Regarding Prevention Issues

Keywords: sexual, physical and psychological abuse of children, epidemiology and prevention of child violence

Abstract

The article presents an overview of the problems of child violence, a wide range of its variants-physical, sexual and psychological violence, etc. It is shown that child violence has the quality of transgeneration, in one form or another, is reproduced in the next generations. The experience of violence is also a negative predictor of violent behavior that will manifest itself in the upbringing of their own children. Indicators of the epidemiology of violence are presented. The data vary greatly, for example, the prevalence of sexual violence ranges from 3% to 36%. Sexual violence mainly affects children between the ages of 6 and 13. Children under the age of 4 are most likely to suffer from physical and psychological abuse. Up to a third of victims of sexual violence may show appropriate behavior towards their own or other children. An overview of the factors that predispose / retard the formation of child violence is presented. These are factors such as age, gender, ethnic origin, disability, and social status of the parents. Prevention work should be based on a multi-level concept (multiple participants or institutions are involved). Appropriate measures to prevent violence should not (cannot) only target children / young people, but should also affect, in particular, parents and schools.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Bender/Lösel, Risikofaktoren, Schutzfaktoren und Resilienz bei Miss-handlung und Vernachlässigung. In: Egle/Joraschky/Lampe/Seiffge-Krenke/Cierpka, (Hrsg.). Sexueller Missbrauch, Misshandlung, Vernach-lässigung. Erkennung, Therapie und Prävention der Folgen früher Stres-serfahrungen, 77 103. 4. überarbeitete und erweiterte Auflage, Stuttgart: Schattauer (2016).
Finkelhor, D. (1998). Zur internationalen Epidemiologie von sexuellem Missbrauch an Kindern. In: G. Amann & R. Wipplinger (Hrsg.), Sexueller Missbrauch (S. 72–85). Tübingen: dgvt.
Holliday C.N., Kahn G., Thorpe R.J. Jr.4, Shah R., Hameeduddin Z., Decker M.R. Racial/Ethnic Disparities in Police Reporting for Partner Violence in the National Crime Victimization Survey and Survivor-Led Interpretation. J Racial Ethn Health Disparities. 2019 Dec 11. doi: 10.1007/s40615-019-00675-9.
Gewalterfahrungen von Kindern und Jugendlichen. Kriminologi-Sches Forschungsinstitut Niedersachsen E.V. 2007
Giacomuzzi S., Velasquez-Montiell, B., Scherer, Ertl, M., Garber, K. (2017a). Sexuelle Übergriffe in Kindheit und Jugend: Eine aktuelle, österreichische Untersuchung. Richterzeitung. 1; 31-35
Giacomuzzi S., Scherer B., Velasquez-Montiell S., Ertl M., Garber K., (2017b). Aktuelle Untersuchungsdaten zum sexuellen Missbrauch in Österreich unter Berücksichtigung der Familienumstände und den Auswirkungen auf die Betroffenen im frühen Erwachsenenalter. Ifamz. 1; 63-72.
Giacomuzzi, S. Velasquez-Montiel, S. (2017c): Kinder und Jugendliche, die kriminelle Handlungen erfahren haben. In: Freiberger, A.M; Mandl, P; Schwarzinger, F. (Hrsg): Praxishandbuch Kinder-und Jugendschutz, Kapitel 8.5.9.
Giacomuzzi, S. Velasquez-Montiel, S. (2017d): Kinder und Jugendliche, die kriminelle Handlungen erfahren haben. In: Freiberger, A.M; Mandl, P; Schwarzinger, F. (Hrsg): Praxishandbuch Kinder-und Jugendschutz, Kapitel 8.5.9.
Giacomuzzi, S. Velasquez-Montiel, S. (2017e): Kinder und Jugendliche, die kriminelle Handlungen erfahren haben. In: Freiberger, A.M.; Mandl, P; Schwarzinger, F. (Hrsg): Praxishandbuch Kinder-und Jugendschutz, Kapitel 8.5.9.
Gregory A., Arai L., MacMillan H.L., Howarth E., Shaw, A. Children's experiences and needs in situations of domestic violence: A secondary analysis of qualitative data from adult friends and family members of female survivors. Health Soc Care Community. 2019 Nov 26. doi: 10.1111/hsc.12893.
Masho S.W., Rozario S.S., Ferrance J.L. Intimate Partner Violence Around the Time of Pregnancy and Utilization of WIC Services. Matern Child Health J. 2019 Dec;23(12):1648-1657. doi: 10.1007/s10995-019-02811-7.
Nadeem M, Malik MI. The Role of Social Norm in Acceptability Attitude of Women Toward Intimate Partner Violence in Punjab, Pakistan. J Interpers Violence. 2019 Nov 29:886260519889942. doi: 10.1177/0886260519889942.
Tag der Kinderrechte Österreich; 2019
Turner HA, Vanderminden J, Finkelhor D, Hamby S. Child Neglect and the Broader Context of Child Victimization. Child Maltreat. 2019 Aug;24(3):265-274. doi: 10.1177/1077559518825312. Epub 2019 Jan 27
WHO 2003, US Dep Health & Sciences 2002
Published
2020-02-19
Cited
0 article
How to Cite
Giacomuzzi, S., Garber, K., Ertl, M., Barinova, N., & Kocharian, A. (2020). Violence Against Infants and Children - Practical Implications Regarding Prevention Issues. Psychological Counseling and Psychotherapy, (12), 13-17. https://doi.org/10.26565/2410-1249-2019-12-02
Section
PSYCHOLOGICAL CONSULTING AND PSYCHOTHERAPY