Psychological Counseling and Psychotherapy https://periodicals.karazin.ua/psychotherapy <p><strong><span style="vertical-align: inherit;"><span style="vertical-align: inherit;">Профессиональное издание по психологическим наукам</span></span></strong></p> <p><span style="vertical-align: inherit;"><span style="vertical-align: inherit;">Журнал представляет множество психотерапевтических подходов, модальностей и техник, связанных с психологическим и медицинским пространством современной психотерапевтической и консультационной помощи. </span><span style="vertical-align: inherit;">Рассмотрены теоретические и практические вопросы, касающиеся различных аспектов психотерапевтического вмешательства при различных расстройствах, их гендерных аспектов, методов психодиагностики, взаимодействия психотерапии и культуры и др. </span><span style="vertical-align: inherit;">Для психотерапевтов, консультантов, практических психологов и всех, кто интересуется оказанием психотерапевтической помощи.</span></span></p> <p><span class="m_-5697447415674135205m_-3445955891596824644gmail-"><span style="vertical-align: inherit;"><span style="vertical-align: inherit;">Концепция журнала - рассмотрение актуальных теоретических и практических проблем современной психотерапии в ее медицинском (клиническом) и психологическом измерениях, в организации междисциплинарного диалога, в выявлении ресурсов роста самой психотерапии, в легитимации. психотерапии и психологического консультирования в профессиональной академической среде. </span></span></span><br><span class="m_-5697447415674135205m_-3445955891596824644gmail-"><span style="vertical-align: inherit;"><span style="vertical-align: inherit;">Журнал анализирует проблемы психотерапии, психологического консультирования, медицинской психологии, гендерной психологии и сексологии.</span></span></span></p> V.N. Karazin Kharkiv national university en-US Psychological Counseling and Psychotherapy 2410-1249 Masochism Through The Prism Of Interconnections With Archaic Heritage Of The Humanity https://periodicals.karazin.ua/psychotherapy/article/view/17639 <p>We carried out the study, on which the article is based, in a psychodynamic paradigm in the relationship with the disclosure of the problem of archaic heritage of the humanity, which is manifested in the pralogical properties of thinking. The latter includes duality of the reality of the psyche (in the equivalence of the real and the imaginary), lack of contradictions and conformity subordination to law of involvement, etc. Masochism is a form of expression of subordination to the pralogical perception of reality while ignoring the contradictions between the tendency towards self-punishment and self-preservation instinct. The article proves the presence of Oedypal origin of masochistic initiatives in their illogicalness and subordination to the “other logic” - the logic of self-punishment. In-depth psycho-correction can free a person from illogical trends, aiming at energy self-preservation and actualization of prosocial self-realization processes.</p> Tamara Yatsenko Copyright (c) 2021 Tamara S. Yatsenko 2021-07-30 2021-07-30 15 6 23 10.26565/2410-1249-2021-15-01 Diagnostic Complex Of Psychological Support Of Families With Problem Children https://periodicals.karazin.ua/psychotherapy/article/view/17640 <p>The article presents a diagnostic complex of psychological support for families with problem children, the main purpose of which is to study and understand the essence of the family problem, its carriers and the potential for solving the dysfunctions. The diagnostic stage captures the signals of the problem situation with the subsequent construction of the appropriate logic for the further diagnostic study. Trusting contact is established with all participants in the problem situation, assistance is provided in verbalizing the problem, joint assessment of the possibility of its resolution. The final part of this stage is a clear definition of the problem. Comprehensive psychodiagnostics consists of the initial diagnosis to study the strengths and weaknesses of family members, identify and solve problems that arise during family interaction, conducting the diagnostic minimums in order to analyze the dynamics of functioning and overcome possible difficulties. Further work provides in-depth psychological diagnosis of members of the nuclear family system.</p> Myroslava Mushkevych Copyright (c) 2021 Myroslava I. Mushkevych 2021-07-30 2021-07-30 15 24 31 10.26565/2410-1249-2021-15-02 Content Resources for Psychological Support of Families with Problem Children https://periodicals.karazin.ua/psychotherapy/article/view/17641 <p>The article presents a model of psychological support for families with problem children, describes a system of events that has a clearly structured and organized nature and is built on psychological principles. The latter is provided with the help of special forms and methods of the program of psychological support, which include: 1) at the level of the psychodiagnostic stage, standardized and projective techniques; 2) at the level of the psychoeducational stage - psycho-preventive techniques and educational activities in accordance with empirical data regarding gaps in psychological knowledge and the needs of the subjects themselves; 3) at the level of the psycho-counseling stage - conversation and interpretation as specific forms of providing psychological assistance focused on personality and interaction among family members, their assimilation of effective ways to independently solve problems; 4) at the level of the psychotherapeutic stage - interpretation and discussion of the results obtained in the process of empirical research, conducting psychotechniques "Family Chest", "Writing a Fairy Tale", "Family Diagram" with subsequent feedback.</p> Myroslava Mushkevych Copyright (c) 2021 Myroslava I. Mushkevych 2021-07-30 2021-07-30 15 32 40 10.26565/2410-1249-2021-15-03 Socio-Cultural And Psychological Features of Europeans and Russians as a Factor of Effectiveness of Interaction and Mutual Understanding of the Present https://periodicals.karazin.ua/psychotherapy/article/view/17642 <p><em>Сучасний стан міжнаціональних стосунків свідчить про те, що поруч із процесами глобалізації мають місце зворотні процеси деглобалізації, що знаходять відображення у прагненні народів до збереження національної самобутності. </em>Глобальна інтеграція передбачає адаптацію не лише економічну, політичну і т.п., але й інтеграцію психологічну.<em>&nbsp;</em>Психологічним бар’єром можуть стати психологічні особливості людей як представників іншої етнічної або національно-культурної спільноти.&nbsp;<em>Одним із чинників виникнення мультикультурних конфліктів є етнопсихологічні відмінності між націями та народами.&nbsp;</em>Згідно з теорією К.Г. Юнга, у колективному підсвідомому людства зберігаються архетипи – «колективні праформи», що є результатом його еволюції. На психологічне наповнення архетипічної основи психіки мають впливати історичні особливості становлення певного етносу. Теорія архетипів Юнга в контексті досліджень сучасних психологів, археологів, психолінгвістів, істориків, соціоантропологів дозволяє охарактеризувати глибинні психологічні особливості того чи іншого етносу. <em>На основі аналізу літературних джерел виділені найбільш характерні риси представників європейської та російської культур. Авторка виходила із припущення про те, що етнопсихологічні особливості детерміновані як архетипічно, так і етногенетично. Міфи, легенди, казки, билини, обряди, замовляння, археологічні, психолінгвістичні, соціоантропологічні, історичні дані в контексті теорії Юнга уможливлюють відтворення деяких суттєвих етнопсихологічних особливостей певного народу. В результаті застосування такого підходу були виділені окремі риси, притаманні європейцям і росіянам, що дало можливість зробити висновки більш загального характеру:</em></p> <ol> <li class="show"><em> Етнопсихологічні особливості утворюють паттерни, в яких можна виділити системотвірні чинники.</em></li> <li class="show"><em> У європейців системотвірним чинником національного характеру є потяг до володарювання над довкіллям та іншими; у росіян – «Материнський комплекс», що являє собою неусвідомлюваний потяг до існування у максимально сприятливому середовищі як певній даності.</em></li> <li class="show"><em> Назви особливостей національної психіки або національного характеру різних народів можуть бути за словником однаковими, але мати різне психологічне наповнення, різний психологічний зміст.</em></li> <li class="show"><em> Непорозуміння між представниками різних етносів можуть виникати через неоднакову інтерпретацію однакових за назвами рис.</em></li> </ol> Tetyana Malkova Copyright (c) 2021 Tetyana Malkova 2021-07-30 2021-07-30 15 41 51 10.26565/2410-1249-2021-15-04 Sexual Aversion and Lack of Sexual Desire in Woman: a Case Report https://periodicals.karazin.ua/psychotherapy/article/view/17643 <p>Sexual aversion is the problem, which is little discussed in medical literature. The article contains definitions of sexual aversion in some classifications and dynamics of concepts of this pathology represented in other classifications. In the author’s opinion, its removal from a list of sexual disorders in certain classifications cannot cancel the very existence of this disorder. The author’s case study is described, which deals with sexual aversion and absence of libido (they both are psychogenic). A 38-year-old female patient B., married during 3.5 years, had not got any children. She had higher education and worked within her speciality. Her husband was 36; he finished vocational technical school. During previous 3 years he had not been working (he was supposedly looking for suitable job, but allegedly could not find it). Their family was financed by the patient. When she was asked what really troubled her, the patient reported: “I don’t want him. I have no desire to have sex either with him or anybody else. I don’t perceive him as man, because he does not work, does not bring any money in the family and does not do any household chores. I accept him more as my brother or son.” She also had sexual aversion to her husband. When he approached her and began kissing, he disgusted her and caused an unpleasant sensation, as if “some slug is creeping”. She was disgusted with her husband. His touches were unpleasant for her. “Some rejection has begun”. She allowed her husband to have sexual intercourse only once a month. She described sexual aversion to her husband in the following way: “Now he is approaching and begins pouting his lips towards me, but even his smell becomes unpleasant for me, though before I liked how he smelt, and his smell is the same. Then he begins kissing me, but I absolutely hate his slobber, though before I accepted it normally. And his beard is spiky. I don’t like it either, but before I accepted it normally. Also I don’t like that he’s got thinner. He has become so thin, even thinner than me, though he eats well. But he is keeping a diet because of a chronic disease of his gastrointestinal tract. He’s become so skinny… He has already had such a figure that he becomes resembling a woman. Before he did not look like that. He was well-nourished and strong; he went in for sports. But now he says that he is ill, feels bad and has a stomachache”. The facts, described above in the complaints, appeared more than one year before. As a result of my analysis I drew a conclusion that her sexual disorder developed in the patient as a consequence of psychotraumatic effects caused by the fact that her husband had not been working for a long period of time and, naturally, did not earn anything. It should be added to the above that the chronic pathology of his gastrointestinal tract resulted in worsening of his body composition. The patient sought medical advice to sort herself out and reveal causes of her sexual problems. When she completely perceived their psychogenic character and assessed the difficulties, with what their therapy may be involved, she did not express any desire to undergo treatment.</p> Garnik Коcharyan Copyright (c) 2021 Garnik S. Коcharyan 2021-07-30 2021-07-30 15 52 56 10.26565/2410-1249-2021-15-05