Psychological Counseling and Psychotherapy <p><strong><span style="vertical-align: inherit;"><span style="vertical-align: inherit;">Профессиональное издание по психологическим наукам</span></span></strong></p> <p><span style="vertical-align: inherit;"><span style="vertical-align: inherit;">Журнал представляет множество психотерапевтических подходов, модальностей и техник, связанных с психологическим и медицинским пространством современной психотерапевтической и консультационной помощи. </span><span style="vertical-align: inherit;">Рассмотрены теоретические и практические вопросы, касающиеся различных аспектов психотерапевтического вмешательства при различных расстройствах, их гендерных аспектов, методов психодиагностики, взаимодействия психотерапии и культуры и др. </span><span style="vertical-align: inherit;">Для психотерапевтов, консультантов, практических психологов и всех, кто интересуется оказанием психотерапевтической помощи.</span></span></p> <p><span class="m_-5697447415674135205m_-3445955891596824644gmail-"><span style="vertical-align: inherit;"><span style="vertical-align: inherit;">Концепция журнала - рассмотрение актуальных теоретических и практических проблем современной психотерапии в ее медицинском (клиническом) и психологическом измерениях, в организации междисциплинарного диалога, в выявлении ресурсов роста самой психотерапии, в легитимации. психотерапии и психологического консультирования в профессиональной академической среде. </span></span></span><br><span class="m_-5697447415674135205m_-3445955891596824644gmail-"><span style="vertical-align: inherit;"><span style="vertical-align: inherit;">Журнал анализирует проблемы психотерапии, психологического консультирования, медицинской психологии, гендерной психологии и сексологии.</span></span></span></p> V.N. Karazin Kharkiv national university en-US Psychological Counseling and Psychotherapy 2410-1249 "Pralogical" Parameters of the Psyche in-Depth Cognition Methodology <p>The works presents an actual problem for practicing psychologists, regarding both the nature of psyche phenomena, and the methodology for its cognition. We focused our research at the archaic heritage of the psyche, which allowed to state a special role of the pralogical thinking of the subject in the formation (and in objectification) of the inner, unconscious, stabilized contradictions of the psyche. The articles proves the impotence of logical thinking of the subject both at the level of detection of the personal problem in its destructive impact on the psyche, and possibilities for its resolution. The very existence of pralogical thinking processes, as well as its impact on the social and perceptual perception, is outside the consciousness of the subject. This context of the studies defined the formulation of the problems associated with the study of the characteristics of the pralogical psyche initiatives objectification in the observed plane when using visualized tools. The solution of the problem, set in the topic of the article, entailed the need to clarify the corresponding methodological and pralogical parameters of the ASPC process which create favorable conditions for in-depth cognition of non-experiential (archaic) formations. The study determines how the opportunities for the research of the pralogical determinants of the subject’s personal problems, as well as diagnostic and corrective methods to resolve them; discloses the pralogical essence of the implicit order found when the respondent was ranking the visualized self-representations (especially topical psychodrawings and reproductions of paintings) according to their emotive significance. In-depth cognition of the psyche promotes the development of the subject’s logical thinking due to the optimization of the social and perceptual intelligence.</p> Tamara S. Yatsenko Copyright (c) 2020 Tamara S. Yatsenko 2021-04-03 2021-04-03 14 5 27 10.26565/2410-1249-2020-14-01 At the Forefront of the Buffer: the Convergence of Traditional and Positive Psychology <p>The paper provides a holistic or rather a holographic representation of the evolution of a segment of psychological disciplines in the period of its critical self-organization within a so called VUCA-world (volatile, unpredictable, complex and ambiguous). The basic contradiction between Traditional and Positive Psychology are interpreted in terms of a source of development of a novel sphere of psychological research and practice called by the author Buffer or Transition Psychology. Its content is viewed through dialectical, psycho-immunal and clinical perspective. An original non-deficiency principal is defined and illustrated by a case of a severely traumatized woman: within one session she positively resolutes into a posttraumatic growth condition. The author raises challenging issues which open up promising discussions and practical implications into psychological and social research.</p> Pavel Lushyn Copyright (c) 2020 Pavel Lushyn 2021-04-03 2021-04-03 14 28 34 10.26565/2410-1249-2020-14-02 Effects and Challenges Regarding Supervision in Palliative Care Teams: Results of a 5-Year Study in South Tyrol (Italy) <p><strong>Objective:</strong> Evaluating a solution-oriented clinical supervision to improve the quality of care. <strong>Design:</strong> We performed a randomized, longitudinal controlled trial. A total of 32 health districts were involved in the study. For the evaluation of the intervention, the following dimensions were collected as indicators of the quality of supervision: Quality of life (FACT-G, SF12, POS), psychological stress, depression, burn-out (HADS, BDI-II, VAS scales, HPS), sense of coherence (SOC-13), satisfaction with care, communication and support from the patients and relatives (VAS scales) and working conditions (COPSOQ) from the nursing staff and family doctors. Results: Of the 85 subscales, the SOC Nursing Sum Score (p=0.017), the SF-12 Nursing Sum Scale (p=0.036), and the COPSOQ Scales of General Practitioners showed significant differences in developmental opportunities (p=0.020), leadership (p=0.003), social support (p=0.001) and community spirit (p=0.024). At the second point time of the study, significant differences were found in the subscales of the Palliative Care Outcome Scale (POS) and the subscale of the test instrument Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy - General (FACT-G) FUNCTIONAL WELL-BEING of the patients. The satisfaction values of nurses and general practitioners with the supervision showed an extremely positive assessment of both nurses and general practitioners regarding supervision. Conclusions: Supervision affects positively the process of palliative home care. It seems important to adjust the number of supervision meetings according to the needs of the individual team in order to achieve an optimized team performance.</p> Klaus Garber Salvatore Giacomuzzi Katrin Gapp Maria Luise Obexer Anna Goegele-Blasbichler Adolf Engl Ivan Titov Markus Ertl Martin Rabe Kira Sedykh Oleksandr Kocharian Natalia Barinova Copyright (c) 2020 Klaus Garber, Salvatore Giacomuzzi, Katrin Gapp, Maria Luise Obexer, Anna Goegele-Blasbichler, Adolf Engl, Ivan Titov, Markus Ertl, Martin Rabe, Kira Sedykh, Oleksandr Kocharian, Natalia Barinova 2021-04-03 2021-04-03 14 35 49 10.26565/2410-1249-2020-14-03 Development and Testing of Experimental Psychological Techniques for the Study of Unconscious Visual-Perceptual Processes <p>The work is devoted to the actual problem of research of visual-perceptual processes that take place on an unconscious level.&nbsp; There is a shortage of reliable and informative psychodiagnostic tools, specially designed to study unconscious perceptual and mnestic phenomena in mentally healthy people and in the persons with affective disorders.&nbsp; It is emphasized that when creating such techniques, it is necessary to take into account the influence of emotional disorders on the course of basic mental processes.&nbsp; Three new experimental psychological techniques have been developed, aimed at research and objectification of transient conscious and unconscious perceptual-informational processes.&nbsp; The technique of forming a subsensory stimulus is a step-by-step determination of the exact threshold time of exposure, in which one verbal stimulus out of three demonstrated ones remains unidentified at the conscious level, i.e. subsensory. The technique of psychophysiological confirmation of the significance of a subsensory stimulus is an automated registration-analytical procedure, which involves the use of a serial digital polygraph "Rheocom-stress" and allows you to identify the words most significant to the subject, regardless of the level of subjective awareness of that significance. The technique of detecting unconscious perceptual-mnestic fixation of subsensory stimuli is a method of studying the effect of involuntary memorization, retention and reproduction of subsensory stimuli. Approbation of the developed experimental psychological techniques was performed on the sample of 38 people, including 23 patients with affective disorders and 15 mentally healthy people.&nbsp; It is shown that the thresholds of visual perception in patients with affective disorders are almost three times higher than in the control group.&nbsp; The effect of perceptual-mnestic fixation was confirmed by one or more methods in 100% of the cases.&nbsp; The results of the approbation conclusively testify to the high sensitivity and informativeness of the approach used.</p> Liudmyla Shestopalova Volodymyr Lutsyk Copyright (c) 2020 Shestopalova Liudmyla, Lutsyk Volodymyr 2021-04-03 2021-04-03 14 50 56 10.26565/2410-1249-2020-14-04 Study of Indicators of Nervous-Psychological Resistance and Social Maturity in Military Servants During the Message of Psycho <p>The article is devoted to theoretical and empirical research, important personal characteristics of servicemen: neuropsychological stability and socio-psychological maturity, which are the focus of psychological influence by the psychologist of the military unit at all major stages of military activity from conscription to discharge. The article empirically examines the system of relationships between indicators of neuropsychological stability, socio-psychological maturity and social relations in military servicemen at the stages of adaptation and performance of tasks. A correlation analysis was performed, according to Pearson, with indicators of neuropsychological stability, social maturity and the quality of relationships with the immediate social environment. As a result of the analysis of the obtained data, it was found that social maturity is directly related to the quality of social relations in a serviceman, both in the family and in the military, and tends to increase during military service. The level of stability of neuropsychological stability associated with the growth of social maturity due to the reflex component. The servicemen performing the assigned tasks have a positive dynamics of increasing the level of social maturity due to the reflexive and moral component, which indicates their personal and professional growth due to organized psychological support. &nbsp;The tasks and the expected result of psychological support at the stages of adaptation and performance of tasks as assigned are determined. The main vectors of psychological influence on the part of a military psychologist are indicated. to increase the level of neuropsychological stability and socio-psychological maturity in the military.</p> Viktor I. Mozgovyi Copyright (c) 2020 Viktor I. Mozgovyi 2021-04-03 2021-04-03 14 57 66 10.26565/2410-1249-2020-14-05 Psychological Determinants of Personaliti Bullying in the Sociometric Dimension <p>The article considers the main problems that arise when conflicts of interest between people in the sociometric dimension. The need for their comprehensive study will help to eliminate the negative consequences and use positive solutions to these conflicts for the development of the individual, his integration into society. The urgency of the work lies in the search for rational approaches to the origin and prevention of psychological bullying in the sociometric dimension as a consequence of the conflict of personality in agreement with its characterological education, psychological attitudes and beliefs. that is why the problem of bullying deserves in-depth study. <em>The aim of the article</em> is to study the influence of bullying on the uncertainty of adolescents in the sociometric dimension. The work is based on the provisions of prevention and reduction of external discrimination, isolation, humiliation and harassment, which will serve as factors to prevent personal uncertainty in the future. Bullying undermines the victim's self-confidence, destroys health, self-esteem and human dignity. There is a bullying structure, which is a social system that includes the offender, the victim and observers. Methods of measuring the manifestations of psychological bullying are determined, the corresponding set of methods of psychodiagnostics is presented and tested. Empirical data show that with insufficient and excessive mobilization of the individual there are with a high degree of probability such mental states that disturb the adaptive balance. Thus, with insufficient mobilization in a difficult life situation, it is likely to appear apathy and reduce energy expenditure. On the other hand, in a situation of excessive mobilization there is a state of high voltage against the background of excessive energy consumption. The results of this study are important in establishing international cooperation in the study of programs and projects in the context of transforming the human health system in accordance with international partnership standards and implementing a cultural exchange program for education and culture between countries.</p> Inessa Viznyuk Anna Polishchuk Copyright (c) 2020 Viznyuk Inessa, Anna Polishchuk 2021-04-04 2021-04-04 14 67 80 10.26565/2410-1249-2020-14-06 Features of Narcissistic Regulation of Drug Abuse Personality <p>The article presents the results of a study of the characteristics of narcissistic regulation of drug addicts. The aim of the study is to investigate the features of narcissistic regulation of drug addicts as forms of borderline personality organization and personality types of drug addicts. According to the set goal and objectives of the study, a research sample was formed. Based on informed consent in compliance with the principles of bioethics and deontology during 2019-2020. a psychodiagnostic study of 102 male patients with drug addiction of the opioid group was carried out on the basis of the "Vertical" rehabilitation center at the age of 18-26 years, and 54 healthy males at the age of 18-27 years without signs of somatic, mental pathology and drug addiction. To achieve this goal, we used the following methods: for the study of narcissistic regulation - "Index of the functioning of the Self-system" (Zalutskaya N.M. and oth., 2003); for the study of personality characterological radicals were used test "Self-portrait of personality" Jen M. Oldham and Louis B. Morris. Mathematical processing was carried out using the methods of mathematical statistics (SPSS Statistics 21): methods for checking the reliability of differences in unrelated samples (Mann-Whitney U-test).&nbsp; Conclusions: Narcissistic regulation of drug addicts is based on the formation of an ideal image for others, acting as a social “mask” caused to hide the terrible inner emptiness, baseness and depravity of their own “Self”. A rigid internal imperative is based on the background of parent-child relationships and levels the internal infantile dependence on the inflated expectations of parents. The personality profile of drug addicts is based on the multidimensional development of personality types, which introduce individual characteristics into the personality of drug addicts and manifest themselves under certain circumstances, indicating a conditional heterogeneity in these characteristics. The study of the interdependence of personality types with the characterological radicals of narcissistic regulation and drug addicts complements the awareness of the holistic picture of the functioning of an addictive personality. The existing correlations allow drug addicts to form compensatory mechanisms to mask their own narcissistic deficit.</p> Miliena O. Antonovych Copyright (c) 2020 Miliena O. Antonovych 2021-04-04 2021-04-04 14 81 85 10.26565/2410-1249-2020-14-07 Dyspareunia of Nonorganic Origin, Phobic Variant: Case Report <p>The article describes a case with a 22-year-old female patient, who had been in a “common-law marriage” with a 29-year-old man during 7 months. When she sought medical advice the patient informed that she remained a virgin. She associated it with tough upbringing and a hard set that one must not live a sex life before marriage. From 6 to 16 years of her life the patient and her mother were members of the international religious organization “Jehovah’s Witnesses”, where the above set exists. Besides, her mother told the patient that one could engage in sexual intercourses only after registration of marriage, and those girls who allowed themselves to do it before marriage were prostitutes. The patient reported that an attempt to make coitus caused “a spasm of muscles in my vagina” and a severe pain, and for that reason the man could not “enter” her. Before such an attempt the following thoughts appeared: “It is not allowed before marriage, because it will be regarded as adultery. God will be against it”. But a strong desire to make coitus existed. She made a point that she was afraid of a severe pain and haemorrhage that might appear in coitus (she saw twice some porn, where defloration was made hard, resulting in fixation of some fear in her). She believed that the above was still producing its effect on her. At first I thought that the patient had vaginismus of non-organic origin caused by psychogenic inhibiting effects and coitophobia. But later, having drawn an analogy with contraction of muscles during orgasm, I concluded that she did not have the above contraction while attempting to make coitus, but an obstacle to perform it was caused by a pain that developed at attempt of introjection and made her squeeze her legs together, thereby imitating the result of contraction of muscles involved in vaginismus. Therefore the diagnosis of “dyspareunia of non-organic origin, the phobic variant” was made. The following treatment was provided: different cognitive techniques, hypnosuggestive therapy (2 sessions). Recommendations for optimizing the performance of coitus were given. An immediate therapeutic result was achieved with complete resolution of the above problem.</p> Garnik S. Коcharyan Copyright (c) 2020 Garnik S. Коcharyan 2021-04-04 2021-04-04 14 86 91 10.26565/2410-1249-2020-14-08