Antenna Based on Complicated Coplanar Structure

  • Sergey A. Pogarsky V.N. Karazin Kharkiv National University, Kharkiv, Ukraine
  • Dmitry V. Mayboroda V.N. Karazin Kharkiv National University, Kharkiv, Ukraine
  • Serhii M. Mykhaliuk V.N. Karazin Kharkiv National University, Kharkiv, Ukraine
Keywords: Ring resonator, Disc resonator, Coplanar line, Matching, Frequency characteristics, Energy characteristics


This paper presents the results of a numerical study of a planar antenna with a complex form factor. The antenna is based on a combination of two resonators, a disc resonator and a ring resonator. The feeding of the ring resonator is performed using a coplanar structure: pointwise by galvanic contact between the central conductor of the coplanar line and the ring resonator and by distributed electromagnetic coupling of the ring resonator and the aperture of the outer conductor of the coplanar line. The antenna was placed over a metal plane whose geometric dimensions were significantly larger than those of the antenna to exclude the influence of edge diffraction effects. In numerical simulation a complex approach including the method of semi-open resonator and the finite element method (FEM) implemented within the commercial package HFFS was used. The dependences of spectral, energy and polarization characteristics on material constants and frequency parameter have been investigated. It was found that within the framework of single-parameter optimization it is impossible to simultaneously achieve a high level of all important parameters. The values of frequencies of spectral lines in the spectral characteristics of the antenna are found with a relative error not worse than 1200 Hz. Frequency ranges within which there is no degeneration of oscillation types are established. The distributions of surface currents on the metal elements of the antenna, allowing to determine the position of phase centers of excitation, are presented. It is shown that the proposed antenna can provide an acceptable level of matching both at fixed frequencies and in sufficiently wide local frequency bands, reaching 11% with respect to the center frequency of the sub-band. The boundary values of gain coefficients in frequency bands are established. The simulation results allow to predict effective radiation with formation of practically single-lobe radiation pattern and presence of elliptical polarization.


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How to Cite
Pogarsky, S. A., Mayboroda, D. V., & Mykhaliuk, S. M. (2024). Antenna Based on Complicated Coplanar Structure. East European Journal of Physics, (2), 456-462.