Plagiarism Policy


Our Journal rejects any material that breaks legal requirements regarding plagiarism!

We check all submitted manuscripts by software before the review process. If plagiarism is detected, the submitted manuscript is rejected.  The software calculated a proportion of fragments of the manuscript that consists of a minimum of 8 words in a row and coincides with internet sources and the inside database. The manuscript will be rejected if the proportion of the coincided text is more than 5 %.

Variations of plagiarism are:

  • copying and publication of papers by other authors;
  • verbatim copying of fragments of the text (from a phrase to a set of sentences) from someone else's paper without proper references;
  • making minor corrections to the copied material (reformulation of sentences, changing the order of words in them, etc.) without proper quoting;
  • excessive use of paraphrases. Paraphrasing is a retelling of other people's thoughts, ideas, or text in your own words. The essence of the paraphrase consists in the replacement of words (signs), phraseological units, or sentences in the use of any author's scientific paper (stored on electronic or paper media, including posting on the Internet).

Plagiarism after publication

If plagiarism is detected after publication, the Journal will conduct an investigation. If plagiarism is found, the journal editorial office will contact the author's institute and funding agencies. The paper containing the plagiarism will be marked on each page of the PDF. Depending on the extent of the plagiarism, the paper may also be formally retracted.

Recommendations for avoiding plagiarism

  • Use quotation marks around words taken verbatim from a source
  • Change no part of the quotation within the context of the sentence
  • Use single marks for a quotation within a quotation
  • Use ellipses (a space and three periods) for a part of the quotation omitted.
  • Use brackets around added words
  • Limit the use of direct quotes
  • Summarize the information derived from a variety of sources using your own words

Authors are responsible for obtaining copyright permission for reproducing illustrations, tables, and figures taken from other authors and/or sources. Permission must be placed at the foot of each figure.


The Editor-in-chief shall be guided by the policies of the journal's editorial board and consults with other editors or reviewers about the decision to publish.