Dosimetric Evaluation Study of 10-MV FFF Used in SBRT for Lung Tumours

Keywords: 3DCRT, IMRT, VMAT, Lung cancer, Dosimetric comparison, SBRT


Purpose: The objective of this research was to conduct a comparative and dosimetric analysis of three different radiotherapy techniques used in lung stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT), the three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy (3DCRT), intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT), and volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT), using a 10 MV flattening filter-free (FFF) photon beam. Materials and methods: The present study employed computed tomography (CT) images of a humanoid phantom for the purpose of treatment planning. The gross tumour volumes (GTVs) delineated in both the central and peripheral positions of the lungs. The determination of Planning Target Volumes (PTVs) involved the addition of a margin of 0.5 cm to the Gross Tumour Volume (GTV). Three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy (3DCRT), intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT), and volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT) treatment plans produced employing a 10-megavolt (MV) flattening filter-free (FFF) photon beam. The calculation of dosage for all plans Performed using the anisotropic analytical algorithm (AAA). Results: IMRT and VMAT had better PTV dose conformation than 3DCRT for both central and peripheral targets. PTV conformity improved in VMAT compared to IMRT, and CI values were acceptable for VMAT, IMRT, and 3DCRT plans. VMAT plans had slightly better CI than IMRT, with better results in peripheral lung PTVs compared to central PTVs. VMAT and IMRT are superior for treating HDV and D2cm, with lower HDV for peripheral lung tumours. Both 3DCRT and IMRT improved outcomes for peripheral lung PTVs, while VMAT was better for central lung PTVs. The former proved better with less low lung doses and improved D2cm results. 3DCRT plans demonstrated higher precision in dose distribution than VMAT and IMRT plans, with superior average GI values. VMAT and IMRT had higher HI, Dmax, and D2% than 3DCRT. VMAT plans compared to IMRT plans, with similar HI values for central lung PTVs. VMAT better spares OARs than other techniques, but V20 and V30 lung doses were lower with 3DCRT. VMAT increases lung dose, but OAR stays below thresholds.

Conclusion: The investigation found that all three treatment techniques can deliver SBRT plans that meet RTOG dose constraints. However, VMAT is a better treatment strategy than IMRT and 3DCRT for both peripheral and central lung PTVs, based on dosimetric indices like CI, D2cm, HI, and HDV. The study found that 3DCRT improves dosimetric indices, especially gradient index (GI), more than VMAT. Despite the need for more monitor units (MUs) in VMAT plans, treatment time reduced due to faster gantry velocity and higher dose rates (2400cGy/min) via free flatting filter energy.


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How to Cite
Soliman, M. I., Attia, W. M., & Elshahat, K. M. (2023). Dosimetric Evaluation Study of 10-MV FFF Used in SBRT for Lung Tumours. East European Journal of Physics, (3), 457-465.