Enhancement of the TPD/AgO NPs Hybrid Photodetector by Adding PEDOT PSS
A photodetector was prepared by fusing AgO nanoparticles with a TPD polymer and depositing a TPD:AgO mixture on PS substrates using a spin coating technique. The response time of the synthesized (PSi/TPD:AgO) detector (by using a tungsten lamp with a 250 W/cm2) and its value (0.35 s) were measured in seconds. The detection, specificity, and photoresponse were (6.23 x 108 W-1, 3.611 x 108 W-1Hz1/2cm, and 19.072 x 10-3 A/W). Hall measurements show that n-type nanoparticles have a carrier concentration of about (-1.15 x 1017 cm−3).With the addition of PEDOTPSS material, the detection, specificity, optical response, and detector response time were improved to (80.06 x 108 W-1, 46.4 x 108 W-1Hz1/2 cm, 2019.48 x 10-3 A/W, and 5.3 ms), respectively.
S. Ravichandran, V. Paluria, G. Kumar, K. Loganathan, and B.R.K. Venkata, “A novel approach for the biosynthesis of silver oxide nanoparticles using aqueous leaf extract of Callistemon lanceolatus (Myrtaceae) and their therapeutic potential”, J. Exp. Nanosci. 11, 445458 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1080/17458080.2015.1077534
M. Limbitot, S. Kalyane, N. Sharanappa, S. Manjula, and B. Evale, “Electrical and dielectric studies of silver oxide doped polyaniline [AgO/PANI] nanocomposite”, Int. J. Adv. Sci. Res. 3, 87–93 (2018).
Z.H. Dhoondia, and H. Chakraborty, “Lactobacillus mediated synthesis of silver oxide nanoparticles”, Nanopart. Nanomater. Nanotechnol. 2, 1–7 (2012). https://doi.org/10.5772/55741
S. Sagadevan, “Synthesis, Structural, surface morphology, optical and electrical properties of silver oxide nanoparticles”, Int. J. Nanoelectron. Mater. 9, 37 (2016).
M.A. Hassan, I.R. Agool, and LM. Raoof, “Silver Oxide Nanostructured Prepared on Porous Silicon for Optoelectronic Application”, Appl. Nanosci. 4(4), 429 (2014). https://doi.org/10.1007/s13204-013-0215-z
G. Saroja, V. Vasu, and N. Nagarani, “Optical Studies of Ag2O Thin Film Prepared by Electron Beam Evaporation Method”, O J. Metal. 3, 57 (2013). http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/ojmetal.2013.34009
P. Kavitha, S. Suseela, and M. Mary, “Synthesis and Characterization of Cadmium Sulfide Nanoparticles”, Int. J. Eng. Sci. 2(3), 108-110 (2013). https://theijes.com/papers/v2-i3/Q02301080110.pdf
B. Reidy, A. Haase, A. Luch, K.A. Dawson, and I. Lynch, “Mechanisms of Silver Nanoparticle Release, Transformation and Toxicity: A Critical Review of Current Knowledge and Recommendations for Future Studies and Applications”, Materials, 6(6), 2295 (2013). https://doi.org/10.3390/ma6062295s
F.X. Bock, T.M. Christensen, S.B. Rivers, L.D. Doucette, R.J. Lad, “Growth and Structure of Silver and Silver Oxide Thin Films On Sapphire”, Thin Solid Films, 468(2-1), 57– 64 (2004). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tsf.2004.04.009
Q. Tian, D. Shi, and Y. Sha, “CuO and Ag2O/CuO Catalyzed Oxidation of Aldehydes to The Corresponding Carboxylic Acids by Molecular Oxygen”, Molecules, 13(4), 948-957 (2008). https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules13040948
S. Wang, H. Li, H. Yu, J. Yu, and S. Liu, “Ag2O as a new visible light photocatalyst: self-stability and high photocatalytic activity,” Chemistry A European Journal, 17(28), 7777 (2011). https://doi.org/10.1002/chem.201101032
S. Agrawal, M. Bhatt, S. Rai, A. Bhatt, P. Dangwal, and P. Agrawal, “Silver nanoparticles and its potential applications: a review”, J. Pharmacogn. Phytochem. 7, 930e937 (2018). https://www.phytojournal.com/archives?year=2018&vol=7&issue=2&ArticleId=3470.
M. Alhamid, B. Hadi, and A. Khumaeni, “Synthesis of silver nanoparticles using laser ablation method utilizing Nd:YAG laser”, AIP Conf. Proc. 2202, 020013 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5141626
J. Tominaga, T. Nakano, and N. Atoda, Extended Abstracts of the 39th Spring Meeting of the Japan Society of Applied Physics and Related Societies, (Nippon Univ. Narashino, 30 aL-3, 1993).
Von E. Menzel, and C. Menzel-Kopp, Z. Naturf. 13a, 986 (1958). https://zfn.mpdl.mpg.de/data/Reihe_A/13/ZNA-1958-13a-0985.pdf
L.T. Canham, Appl. Phys. Lett. 57 (10), 1046 (1990). https://doi.org/10.1063/1.103561
A. Halimaoui, C. Oules, G. Bomchil, A. Bsiesy, F. Gaspard, R. Herino, M. Ligeon and F. Muller, Appl. Phys. Lett. 59 304 (1991). https://doi.org/10.1063/1.105578
M.J. Sailr, in Properties of Porous Silicon, edited by L.T. Canham, (IEE Inspec., London, 1997), pp. 364.
W. Theiβ, Surf. Sci. Rep. 29(3/4), 91 (1997). https://doi.org/10.1016/S0167-5729(96)00012-X
M.V. Wolkin, S. Chan, and P.M. Fauchet, Phys. Stat. Sol. (a), 182, 573 (2000). https://doi.org/10.1002/1521-396X(200011)182:1%3C573::AID-PSSA573%3E3.0.CO;2-G
W. Liu, et al., J. Vac. Sci. & Techn. B, 21, 168 (2003). https://doi.org/10.1116/1.1537714
M.G. Berger, R. Arens-Fischer, M. Kruger, S. Billat, H. Luth, S. Hilbrich, W. Theiβ, and P. Grosse, Thin Solid Films, 297, 237 (1997). https://doi.org/10.1016/S0040-6090(96)09361-3
V. Agarwal, and J.A. del Rio, Appl. Phys. Lett, 82, 1512 (2003). https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1559420
L. Pavesi, Riv. Nuovo Cim. 20, 1 (1997). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02877374
S. Nagata, C. Domoto, T. Nishimura, and K. Iwameji, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 2945 (1998). https://doi.org/10.1063/1.121502
J.A. Chilton, and M.T. Goosey, editors, Special polymer for electronics and optoelectronics”, (Chapman and Hall, London, 1995), pp. 351, ISBN 0-412-58400-X
Csavinszky, P. (1978). Quantum Mechanical Treatment of Transport Properties of Semiconductors: Possible Application to Polymers, in: Quantum Theory of Polymers, NATO Advanced Study Institutes Series, edited by J.M. André, J. Delhalle, and J. Ladik, vol 39, (Springer, Dordrecht, 1978). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-9812-4_15
F. Wang, Z. Chen, L. Xiao, B. Qu, and Q. Gong, “Enhancement of the power conversion efficiency by expanding the absorption spectrum with fluorescence layer”, Optics Express, 19, A361–A368 (2011). https://doi.org/10.1364/OE.19.00A361
X. Yang, and M. Zhang, “Review of flexible microelectromechanical system sensors and devices”, Nanotechnol. Precis. Eng. 4(2), 025001 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1063/10.0004301
Y. Chang, J. Zuo, H. Zhang, et al., « State-of-the-art and recent developments in micro/nanoscale pressure sensors for smart wearable devices and health monitoring systems”, Nanotechnol. Precis. Eng. 3(1), 43 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.npe.2019.12.006
M. Sun, and X. Duan, “Recent advances in micro/nanoscale intracellular delivery”, Nanotechnol. Precis. Eng. 3(1), 18 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.npe.2019.12.003
H. Shi, C. Liu, Q. Jiang, and J. Xu, “Effective approaches to improve the electrical conductivity of PEDOT:PSS review”, Adv. Electron. Mater. 1(4), 1500017 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1002/aelm.201500017
C. Fuentes-Hernandez, W.-F. Chou, T.M. Khan, L. Diniz, J. Lukens, F.A. Larrain, V.A. Rodriguez-Toro, and B. Kippelen, Science, 370, 698-701 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aba2624
C. Li, H. Wang, F. Wang, T. Li, M. Xu, H. Wang, Z. Wang, et al., Light Sci. Appl. 9, 31 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41377-020-0264-5
X. Ma, A. Zeng, J. Gao, Z. Hu, C. Xu, J.H. Son, S.Y. Jeong, et al., Natl. Sci. Rev. 8, nwaa305 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1093/nsr/nwaa305
Z. Hu, Z. Wang, Q. An, and F. Zhang, Sci. Bull. 65, 131 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scib.2019.09.016
J.I. Pankov, Optical Processes in Semiconductors, (Prentice-Hall, Englewoord Cliffs, 1971).
V. Manikandan, P. Velmurugan, J.-H. Park, W.-S. Chang, Y.-J. Park, P. Jayanthi, M. Cho, and B.-T. Oh, “Green synthesis of silver oxide nanoparticles and its antibacterial activity against dental pathogens,” 3 Biotech, 7(1), 72 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1007/s13205-017-0670-4
A. Rita, A. Sivakumar, S.S.J. Dhas, and S.A. Martin Britto Dhas, “Structural, optical and magnetic properties of silver oxide (AgO) nanoparticles at shocked conditions”, J. Nanostruct. Chem. 10, 309 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s40097-020-00351-z
Copyright (c) 2023 Shahlaa Majid J., Omar Adnan
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgment of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).