Effect of Parasitic Parameters and Environmental Conditions on I-V and P-V Characteristics of 1D5P Model Solar PV Cell Using LTSPICE-IV
In this research work, the electrical simulation of 1D5P model solar cell is done using LTSpice-IV simulation software. In this work effect of environmental conditions i.e temperature, solar irradiance, and parasitic parameters i.e series as well as shunt resistances was carried out. It has been discovered that as temperature increases the performance of solar cell decrease because temperature causes to increase the recombination phenomenon and hence lower the performance. However, when the temperature rises from 00C to 500C, the I-V and P-V curves move to the origin showing the negative effect of increasing temperature on the solar cell. Solar irradiance has major role on the performance of solar cell. As solar irradiance increases from 250 Wm-2 to 1000 Wm-2, the performance of solar cell increases accordingly and I-V as well as P-V curve moves away from the origin. It is concluded that for different series resistances, I-V along with P-V characteristic of 1D5P model solar cell varies, as at 0.02Ω series resistance, a maximum short circuit current and maximum power is obtained. But when series resistance increased up 2 ohm only, the I-V and P-V curves moves to origin drastically. Shunt Resistance is the path of reverse current of the cell. As the shunt resistance increases, the path for reverse current decreased, hence all current goes to load, hence maximum power is obtained. Similarly when the value of shunt resistance decreased, the voltage-controlled section of I-V characteristics curve is moved closer to the origin hence reduced the solar cell performance. It's critical to understand how different factors affect the I-V and P-V characteristics curves of solar cells. The open circuit voltage, short circuit current and maximum power is all variable. The influence of these factors may be extremely beneficial when tracking highest power point of a solar cell applying various methods.
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