Pressure of Electromagnetic Radiation on a Linear Vibrator
Nowadays the pressure of electromagnetic radiation in the optical range is widely used in laser traps (so called optical tweezers or single-beam gradient force trap) to control the position of microparticles, biological cells and other microscopic objects. This is possible by focusing the laser radiation into the area of several micrometers in size. The intensity of the radiation in the area is sufficient to hold particles in the beam and manipulate them. We are interested to research similar possibility in the microwave range of wavelengths. However we had faced a number of difficulties in this range: the size of the focal region is much larger, the radiation intensity is less, and to control microscopic objects by means of radiation pressure very high powers are required. And we decided to consider the known effect of a very strong interaction of thin conducting fibers (metal, semiconductor, graphite) with microwave radiation. The efficiency factor of radiation pressure on such objects reaches values of several hundreds and thousands. This can be used to control objects in the form of electrically thin metal conductors by means of radiation pressure. Methods for calculating the pressure of electromagnetic radiation on an infinitely long circular cylinder are known. In this paper we propose a method for calculating the radiation pressure on a circular cylinder (vibrator), the length of which is comparable to the radiation wavelength. We have found out that when the vibrator length is close to half the wavelength, the radiation pressure efficiency factor is much larger than for an infinite cylinder. We have obtained the dependence of the radiation pressure efficiency factor on the length and diameter of an absolutely reflecting and impedance vibrator. It decreases with decreasing conductivity. An infinite cylinder at a certain value of conductivity has a maximum of the radiation pressure efficiency factor.
P. Debye, Annalen der Physik, 335(11), 57 (1909), https://doi.org/10.1002/andp.19093351103
G. Thilo, Annalen der Physik, 367(14), 531 (1920), https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/andp.19203671404
J.H. van Vleck, F .Bloch, and M. Hamermesh, Journal of Applied Physics, 18, 274 (1947), https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1697649
S.H. Dike, and D.D. King, Proceedings of the IRE, 40, 853 (1952), https://doi.org/10.1109/JRPROC.1952.273853
S.H. Dike, and D.D. King, Proceedings of the IRE, 41, 926 (1953), https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/4051412
R. King, and U. Tai-Zun. Рассеяние и дифракция электромагнитных волн [The Scattering and Diffraction of Electromagnetic Waves], (Inostrannaya Literatura, Moskow, 1962), pp. 194. (in Russian).
B.-O. As, H.J. Schmitt, Scientific Rep. Cruft Laboratory, Harvard University, No. 18 (August 1958).
J. Sevick, Techn. Rep. Cruft Laboratory, Harvard University. – No. 150 May 1952.
P.Ya. Ufimtsev, Метод краевых волн в физической теории дифракции [Metod of Edge Waves in Physical Theory of Diffraction], (Sovetskoe Radio, Moskva, 1962), pp. 244. (in Russian).
P.Ya. Ufimtsev, Theory of Edge Diffraction in electromagnetics, (University of California, 2012), pp. 372.
Yu. V. Shubarin, Антенны сверхвысоких частот [Antennas of microwaves]. (University of Kharkov, 1960), pp. 288. (in Russian).
G.Z. Aizenberg, Антенны ультракоротких волн [Antenas of microwaves], (Radio i svyaz, Moskow, 1957), pp 362. (in Russian).
A.G. Dmitrenko, and E.P. Holzvart, Reports of TUSUR, No. 2 (22), Part 2, 41 (2010) (in Russian).
M.G. Belkina, Дифракция электромагнитных волн на некоторых телах вращения [Diffraction of Electromagnetic Waves on Same Objecs of Rotating] (Sovetskoe Radio, Moskva, 1957), pp. 174. (in Russian).
N.A. Khyzhnyak, G.P. Shcherbinin, L.K. Gal, and V.S. Zhylkov, Radiotechnik, 25, (1973). (in Russian).
A.I. Sirotnikov, V.S. Zhylkov, and N.A. Khyzhnyak, Radiotechnik, 29, 144 (1974). (in Russian).
N.A. Khyzhnyak, L.K. Gal, V.S. Zhylkov, A.V. Orlova, and G.P. Shcherbinin, Radiotechnik, 26, 112 (1973). (in Russian).
Yu.M. Penkin, V A. Katrich, M.V. Nesterenko, and S.L. Berdnik. Telecommunications and Radio Engineering, 79(14), 1205 (2020).
M.V Nesterenko, V.A. Katrich, Yu. M. Penkin, V.M. Dakhov, and S.L. Berdnik, Thin Impedance Vibrators: Theory and Applications, (Springer Science+Business Media, New York, 2011).
I. Ryger, A.B. Artusio-Glimpse, P.A. Williams et al. IEEE Sensors Journal, 18(18), 7941 (2018), https://doi.org/10.1109/JSEN.2018.2863607
A. Mahrie, E. Beyer. Physics Scripta, 94, 075004 (2019), https://doi.org/10.1088/1402-4896/ab04c3
D. Ma, and J.N. Munday, Sci Rep. 8, 15930 (2018), https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-34381-z
M.S. Kalambet, N.G. Kokodii, V.A. Maslov, and K.I. Muntean, in: IEEE Ukrainian Microwave Week Proceedings, (Kharkiv, Ukraine, 2020), pp. 720-725.
V.M. Sedov, and T.A. Gaynutdinov, Электромагнитные поля и волны [Electromagnye Polya i Volny] (Moscow University, Moscow, 2018), pp. 282.
Copyright (c) 2021 Mykola G. Kokodii, Sergey L. Berdnik, Victor O. Katrich, Mikhail V. Nesterenko, Marina V. Kaydash
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).