Formation of Optical Images with Synchrotron Radiation Flux of Relativistic Electrons in the X-Ray Generator "Nestor"
When setting up physical experiments involving the use of the polarization properties of synchrotron radiation (SR) or a monoenergetic photon beam, detailed calculation of the spectral angular distribution of SR and its polarization components is of interest. Consideration of the electron beam size shows that in real conditions the radiation propagating in the plane of the equilibrium orbit will not be completely polarized, and the shape and dimensions of the angular distribution of radiation will be distorted. The motion of electrons in the uniform magnetic field and SR of the beam of relativistic particles in the storage ring of "NESTOR" are considered. The effect of the size of the electron beam with the energy of E=225 MeV in the 6-dimensional space on the formation of images of the flux of quanta of SR is analyzed. It is shown that the main contribution to the formation of images is made by the two-dimensional distribution of particles along the vertical direction axis and vertical oscillations. A software simulation code has been developed, the use of which made it possible to simulate the process of optical image formations by the flux of SR quanta (Этого предложения нет в русской аннотации). The formation of images of the radiation of electrons with an energy of E=225 MeV with change in the longitudinal distance L to the registration plane is considered. It is determined that at small longitudinal distances the main contribution to the image is made by the vertical distribution of particles in the beam. With an increase in the basic distance L, the contribution of the distribution of particles over vertical oscillations increases, which becomes decisive for large L value. Numerical simulation of image formation has been carried out. For the base distance of 300 cm and beam parameters with the vertical root mean square size of 0.2 mm and a vertical root mean square size of 0.15 mrad, the family of angular distributions is presented in the form of two-dimensional histograms for wavelengths , , , where , is the critical wavelength of SR. The dimensions of the optical window are obtained, the size of which makes it possible to reliably register the entire flux of SR quanta for the indicated registration characteristics.
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