Modelling of Nonlinear Thermodiffusion for a Spherically Symmetric Case
The paper discusses the properties of the nonlinear thermodiffusion equation corresponding to the heat transfer processes occurring with a finite velocity in gas from a high intensity source. In the previous papers A. J. Janavičius proposed the nonlinear diffusion equation which provided a more exact description of impurities diffusion by fast moving vacancies generated by X-rays in Si crystals. This is similar to the heat transfer in gas with constant pressure by molecules carrying a greater average kinetic energy based on the nonlinear thermodiffusion of gas molecules from hot regions to the coldest ones with a finite velocity by random Brownian motions. Heat transfer in gas must be compatible with the Maxwell distribution function. Heat transfer in gas described by using nonlinear thermodiffusion equation with heat transfer coefficients directly proportional to temperature . The solution of the thermodiffusion equation in gas was obtained by using similarity variables. The equation is solved by separating the linear part of the equation that coincides with Fick's second law. The obtained results coincide with Ya.B. Zeldovich’s previously published solutions of nonlinear equations by changing the respective coefficients.
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