Empirical Relation for Electronic and Optical Properties of Binary Tetrahedral Semiconductors

Keywords: Ionicity, atomic number, zinc blende, energy gap


The concept of ionicity has been developed by Phillips and Van Vechten from the dielectric analysis of the semiconductors and insulators to evaluate various bond parameters of binary tetrahedral (AIIBVI and AIIIBV) semiconductors. In this paper, an advance hypothesis of average atomic number of the elements in a compound has been used to evaluate intrinsic electronic and optical parameters such as ionic gap (Ec), average energy gap (Eg), crystal ionicity (fi) and dielectric constant (ϵ) of binary tetrahedral semiconductors.


Download data is not yet available.


M.B. Kanoun, S. Goumri-Said, A.E. Merad, G. Merad, J. Ciberti, and H. Aourang, Semicond. Sci. Technol. 19, 1220 (2004), https://doi.org/10.1088/0268-1242/19/11/002.

S.Q. Wang, H.Q. Ye, J. Phys.: Condens. Matter, 17, 4475 (2005), https://doi.org/10.1088/0953-8984/17/28/007.

V. Kumar, and B.S.R. Sastry, J. Phys. Chem. Solids 66, 99-102 (2005), https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpcs.2004.08.034.

N. Guezmir, J. Ouerfelli, and S. Belgacem, Mater. Chem. Phys. 96, 116 (2006), https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matchemphys.2005.06.059.

M.S. Omar, Mater. Res. Bull. 42, 961 (2007), https://doi.org/10.1016/j.materresbull.2006.08.008.

A.E. Merad, M.B. Kanoun, G. Merad, J. Cibert, and H. Aourag, Mater. Chem. Phys. 92, 333 (2005), https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matchemphys.2004.10.031.

H.M. Tutuncu, S. Bagci, G.P. Srivastava, A.T. Albudak, and G. Ugur, Phys. Rev. B, 71, 195309 (2005), https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.71.195309.

B.F. Levine, Phys. Rev. B, 7, 2591 (1973), https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.7.2591.

J.A. Van Vecheten, Phys. Rev. B, 1, 3351 (1970), https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.1.3351.

J.C. Phillips and Van Vechten, Phys. Rev. B, 2, 2147 (1970), https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.2.2147.

J.C. Phillips, Bonds and Bands in Semiconductors (Academic Press, New York, (1973).

A.C. Sharma, and S. Auluck, Phys. Rev. B, 28, 965 (1983), https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.28.965.

P.R. Sarode, Phys. Stat. Sol. (b), 88, K35 (1978), https://doi.org/10.1002/pssb.2220880152.

A. Garcia, and M.L. Cohen, Phys. Rev. B, 47, 4215 (1993), https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.47.4215.

D.R. Penn, Phys. Rev. 128, 2093 (1962), https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRev.128.2093.

M. Ferhat, A. Zaoui, M. Certier, and B. Khelifa, Phys. Stat. Sol. (b), 195, 415 (1996), https://doi.org/10.1002/pssb.2221950210.

A.S. Verma, Solid State Commun. 149, 1236 (2009), https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssc.2009.04.011.

O.P. Singh, and V.P. Gupta, Phys. Status Solidi (b), 129, K153, (1985).

O.P. Singh, and V. Gupta, Phys. Status Solidi (b), 137, 97 (1986).

D.V. Singh, and V.P. Gupta, Phys. Status Solidi (b), 171, K71, (1992).

B.F. Levine, Phys. Rev. B, 7, 2600 (1973), https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.7.2600.

V. Kumar Srivastava, Phys. Rev. B, 36, 5044 (1987), https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.36.5044.

V. Kumar, J. Phys. Chem. Solids, 48, 827 (1987), https://doi.org/10.1016/0022-3697(87)90033-3.

V. Kumar Srivastava, J. Phys. C, Solid State Phys. 19, 5689 (1986), https://doi.org/10.1088/0022-3719/19/28/019.

A. Jayaraman, B. Batlogg, R.G. Maines, and H. Bach, Phys. Rev. B, 26, 3347 (1982), https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.26.3347.

D.B. Srideshmukh, and K.G. Subhadra, J. Appl. Phys. 59, 276 (1986), https://doi.org/10.1063/1.336826.

K.S. Krishnan, and S.K. Roy, Proc. R. Soc. London, 210, 481 (1952), https://doi.org/10.1098/rspa.1952.0014.

A.S. Verma, and S.R. Bhardwaj, Phys. Stat. Sol. (b), 243, 4025 (2006), https://doi.org/10.1002/pssb.200642229.

D.R. Penn, Phys. Rev. 128, 2093 (1962), https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRev.128.2093.

W.K. Kucharczyk, Phys. Stat. Sol. (b), 180, K27 (1993), https://doi.org/10.1002/pssb.2221800133.

B.R. Nag, Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 1938 (1994), https://doi.org/10.1063/1.112823.

S. Sen, D.N. Bose, and M.S. Hegde, Phys. Stat. Sol. (b), 129, K65 (1985), https://doi.org/10.1002/pssb.2221290162.

S.V. Adhyapak, S.M. Kanetkar, and A.S. Nigavekar, Nuovo Cimento, 35, B179 (1976).

How to Cite
Verma, A. S., Gupta, R. C., & Singh, K. (2021). Empirical Relation for Electronic and Optical Properties of Binary Tetrahedral Semiconductors. East European Journal of Physics, (1), 89-92. https://doi.org/10.26565/2312-4334-2021-1-11