SURFACE ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVES IN A GAP BETWEEN TWO LEFT-HANDED MATERIALS
The slow surface electromagnetic waves that propagate along the planar waveguide structure that contains two identical isotropic left-handed material with the vacuum (or air) gap has been considered. The possibility of propagation of slow surface electromagnetic waves of TM and TE polarizations in the frequency range at which the dielectric permittivity and magnetic permeability are negative are shown. By selecting a frequency, one, two or three modes can be excited simultaneously. The group and phase velocities of the TE polarization waves are directed in opposite directions. The frequency range of the existence of the TE mode with an antisymmetric field distribution lies above the frequency range of the existence of the TE mode with a symmetric field distribution. The TM wave, depending on the wavelength, can be either forward or backward, or have zero group velocity. The wave of TM-polarization has a slightly varying group velocity in a sufficiently wide frequency range. A rich set of different properties of these waves make them promising in applications.
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