MHD Flow and Heat Transfer of a Ternary Hybrid Ferrofluid Over a Stretching/Shrinking Porous Sheet with the Effects of Brownian Diffusion and Thermophoresis

  • Michael I. Kopp Institute for Single Cristals, Nat. Academy of Science Ukraine, Kharkіv, Ukraine
  • Volodymyr V. Yanovsky Institute for Single Cristals, Nat. Academy of Science Ukraine, Kharkiv,Ukraine; V.N. Karazin Kharkiv National University, 4, Kharkiv, Ukraine
  • Thippeswamy Anusha Department of Mathematics, Shivagangotri, Davangere University, Davangere, India
  • Ulavathi S. Mahabaleshwar Department of Mathematics, Shivagangotri, Davangere University, Davangere, India
Keywords: ternary hybrid ferrofluid, stretching/shrinking, heat and mass transfer, mass transpiration, magnetic field


In this paper, the magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) flow of a ternary hybrid ferrofluid over a stretching/shrinking porous sheet in the presence of radiation and mass transpiration is studied. The ternary hybrid nanofluid is formed by suspending three types of nanoparticles for enhancing heat transfer. The nanoparticles of copper, (Cu) iron oxide (Fe3O4), and cobalt ferrite (CoFe2O4) are suspended in water in this study, producing in the combination Cu-Fe3O4-CoFe2O4-H2O. Brownian motion and thermophoresis are integrated into the ternary hybrid ferrofluid model. Similarity transformations convert the governing partial differential equations into ordinary differential equations. The boundary value problem (BVP) is used in the Maple computer software to solve transformed equations numerically. The computed results for relevant parameters such as velocity profile, temperature profile, skin friction coefficient, local Nusselt and Sherwood numbers are visually shown and explained in detail.


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How to Cite
Kopp, M. I., Yanovsky, V. V., Anusha, T., & Mahabaleshwar, U. S. (2023). MHD Flow and Heat Transfer of a Ternary Hybrid Ferrofluid Over a Stretching/Shrinking Porous Sheet with the Effects of Brownian Diffusion and Thermophoresis. East European Journal of Physics, (1), 7-18.