Research of Interaction Processes of Fast and Thermal Neutrons with Solution of Organic Dye Methyl Orange
The emergence of powerful sources of ionizing radiation, the needs of nuclear energy, technology and medicine, as well as the need to develop reliable methods of protection against the harmful effects of penetrating radiation stimulated the development of such branches of science as radiation chemistry, radiation biology, radiation medicine. When an organic dye solution is exposed to ionizing radiation, it irreversibly changes color. As a result, the absorbed dose can be determined. The processes of interaction of neutron fluxes with an aqueous solution of an organic dye methyl orange (МО) – C14H14N3О3SNa, containing and not containing 4% boric acid, have been investigated. The work was carried out on a LINAC LUE-300 at NSC KIPT. A set of tungsten plates was used as a neutron-generating target. The electron energy was 15 MeV, the average current was 20 μA. The samples were located behind the lead shield and without it, with and without a moderator. Using the GEANT4 toolkit code for this experiment, neutron fluxes and their energy spectra were calculated at the location of experimental samples without a moderator and with a moderator of different thickness (1-5 cm). An analysis of the experimental results showed that when objects without lead shielding and without a moderator are irradiated, the dye molecules are completely destroyed. In the presence of lead protection, 10% destruction of the dye molecules was observed. When a five-centimeter polyethylene moderator was installed behind the lead shield, the destruction of dye molecules without boric acid on thermal neutrons was practically not observed. When the fluxes of thermal and epithermal neutrons interacted with a dye solution containing 4% boric acid, 30% destruction of dye molecules was observed due to the exothermic reaction 10B (n, α). The research has shown that solutions of organic dyes are a good material for creating detectors for recording fluxes of thermal and epithermal neutrons. Such detectors can be used for radioecological monitoring of the environment, in nuclear power engineering and nuclear medicine, and in the field of neutron capture therapy research in particular.
Keywords: organic dye, neutrons, dosimeters
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