Nonlinear Cone Model for Investigation of Runaway Electron Synchrotron Radiation Spot Shape
The runaway electron event is the fundamental physical phenomenon and tokamak is the most advanced conception of the plasma magnetic confinement. The energy of disruption generated runaway electrons can reach as high as tens of mega-electron-volt and they can cause a catastrophic damage of plasma-facing-component surfaces in large tokamaks and International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER). Due to its importance, this phenomenon is being actively studied both theoretically and experimentally in leading thermonuclear fusion centers. Thus, effective monitoring of the runaway electrons is an important task. The synchrotron radiation diagnostic allows direct observation of such runaway electrons and an analysis of their parameters and promotes the safety operation of present-day large tokamaks and future ITER. In 1990 such diagnostic had demonstrated its effectiveness on the TEXTOR (Tokamak Experiment for Technology Oriented Research, Germany) tokamak for investigation of runaway electrons beam size, position, number, and maximum energy. Now this diagnostic is installed practically on all the present-day’s tokamaks. The parameter v┴/|v||| strongly influences on the runaway electron synchrotron radiation behavior (v|| is the longitudinal velocity, v┴ is the transverse velocity with respect to the magnetic field B). The paper is devoted to the theoretical investigation of runaway electron synchrotron radiation spot shape when this parameter is not small that corresponds to present-day tokamak experiments. The features of the relativistic electron motion in a tokamak are taken into account. The influence of the detector position on runaway electron synchrotron radiation data is discussed. Analysis carried out in the frame of the nonlinear cone model. In this model, the ultrarelativistic electrons emit radiation in the direction of their velocity v→ and the velocity vector runs along the surface of a cone whose axis is parallel to the magnetic field B. The case of the small parameter v┴/|v||| (v┴/|v|||<<1, linear cone model) was considered in the paper: Plasma Phys. Rep. 22, 535 (1996) and these theoretical results are used for experimental data analysis.
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