Ductile and metallic nature of Co2VZ (Z= Pb, Si, Sn) Heusler compounds: A First Principles Study

Keywords: Half-metallic ferromagnetic, band gap, Spintronics, magnetic moment, elastic constants

Abstract

Herein, optoelectronic, elastic and magnetic properties of L21 structured Co2VZ (Z= Pb, Si, Sn) full Heusler compounds have been investigated by two methods. One is full potential linearized augmented plane wave (FP-LAPW) method as implemented in WIEN2k and second is pseudo potential method as implemented in Atomistic Tool Kit-Virtual NanoLab (ATK-VNL). All these compounds shows zero band gap in majority spin channel in the both simulation codes and a finite band gap are 0.33 and 0.54 eV in Co2VZ (Z= Pb, Sn) alloys (semiconducting) respectively. Due to minority-spin channel near the Fermi level as implemented in WIEN2k code and showing 100% spin polarization except Co2VSi (metallic) with zero band gap. These compounds found to be perfectly half-metallic ferromagnetic (HMF). However, above mentioned compounds shows finite band gaps in ATK-VNL code. The calculated magnetic moment of these compounds Co2VZ (Z= Pb, Si, Sn) are 3.00 and 3.00, 3.02 and 2.96, 3.00 and 3.00µB in WIEN2k and ATK-VNL codes respectively. Thus we have observed that the calculated vales by these simulation codes and Slater-Pauling rule have nice tuning. Optical properties of these compounds like as reflectivity, refractive index, excitation coefficient, absorption coefficient, optical conductivity and electron energy loss have been analyzed. Absorption coefficient and electron energy - loss function values are increases as we increase the value of energy. The vales of Pugh’s ratio B/G is greater than 1.75 for all compounds and showing ductile nature with positive value of Cauchy pressure (CP = C12 – C44) and shows metallic behavior of Co2VZ (Z= Pb, Si, Sn) compounds.

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Published
2020-08-13
Cited
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How to Cite
Sukhender, S., Pravesh, P., Mohan, L., & Verma, A. (2020). Ductile and metallic nature of Co2VZ (Z= Pb, Si, Sn) Heusler compounds: A First Principles Study. East European Journal of Physics, (3), 99-110. https://doi.org/10.26565/2312-4334-2020-3-13