High Current Plasma Accelerators: Physics and Applications

  • Igor Garkusha Institute of Plasma Physics of the National Science Center “Kharkov Institute of Physics and Technology, Kharkiv, Ukraine https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6538-6862
Keywords: plasma accelerator, high-energy streams of dense plasma, plasma-surface interaction


In this review paper, basic principles of high current plasma accelerators, history and recent state of their investigations in IPP NSC KIPT are briefly described. In such devices an internal magnetic field is created by high current up to several MA in the discharge and it is used for both plasma flow acceleration up to 1000 km/s. Particular attention is paid to the quasi-stationary plasma accelerators (QSPA), where discharge duration exceeds considerable the plasma flight time in acceleration channel. Application of QSPA for plasma-surface interaction studies relevant to thermonuclear reactors, like ITER and DEMO, is discussed. Results on surface modification and improvement of material properties by powerful pulsed plasma processing are described. Potential technological applications for materials treatment are emphasized.


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How to Cite
Garkusha, I. (2013). High Current Plasma Accelerators: Physics and Applications. East European Journal of Physics, (1040(1), 28-39. Retrieved from https://periodicals.karazin.ua/eejp/article/view/13557