# Uniform Focusing of Sequence of Relativistic Positron Bunches in Plasma

### Abstract

Plasma-based accelerators sustain accelerating gradients which are several orders greater than obtained in conventional accelerators. Focusing of electron and positron beams by wakefield, excited in plasma, in electron-positron collider is very important. The focusing mechanism in the plasma, in which all electron bunches of a sequence are focused identically, has been proposed by authors earlier. The mechanism of focusing of a sequence of relativistic positron bunches in plasma, in which all positron bunches of sequence are focused identically and uniformly, has been investigated in this paper by numerical simulation by 2.5D code LCODE. Mechanism of this identical and uniform focusing involves the use of wave-length λ, which coinciding with double longitudinal dimension of bunches λ=2D_{b}, the first bunch current is in two times smaller than the current of the following bunches of sequence and the distance between bunches equals to one and a half of wavelength 1.5λ. We numerically simulate the self-consistent radial dynamics of lengthy positron bunches in homogeneous plasma. In simulation we use the hydrodynamic description of plasma. In other words the plasma is considered to be cold electron liquid, and positron bunches are aggregate of macroparticles. Positron bunches are considered to be homogeneous cylinders in the longitudinal direction. Positrons in bunches are distributed in radial direction according to Gaussian distribution. It is shown that in this case only first bunch is in the finite longitudinal electrical wakefield E_{z}¹0. Other bunches are in zero longitudinal electrical wakefield E_{z}=0. Between bunches of this sequence longitudinal electrical wakefield and radial force are not zero E_{z}¹0, F_{r}¹0. The focusing radial force in regions, occupied by bunches, is constant along each bunch F_{r}=const. Between bunches the radial force is inhomogeneous F_{r}¹const. All positron bunches of sequence are focused identically and uniformly.

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### References

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*East European Journal of Physics*, (2), 69-74. https://doi.org/10.26565/2312-4334-2019-2-11

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