Keywords: Michelson interferometer, light aberration, reference system, amplitude and wave front division of the light flux, light-flux frequencies, angle of the ray rejection, width of light stream, device speed


At consideration of the theory of the Michelson’s experiment and conducting experiments on its scheme of dividing the amplitude of the light flux as an informative parameter, the difference  in the lengths of the paths of the transverse and longitudinal rays of the light flux is used by measuring the shift of the interference pattern of the transverse and longitudinal rays. The significance of the other circuit parameters in determining the influence of the Earth's speed with the help of Michelson interferometers was not considered. The analysis of the parameters of the schemes of Michelson interferometers with the division of both the wave front amplitude and its wave front in the reference system associated with the interferometer is carried out in order to determine the influence of the interferometer speed on them. As a result of the analysis of the scheme with the division of amplitude, a linear dependence of the changes in frequency, the width of the reflected rays on the ratio    of the device speed to the speed of light in interferometers. In the Michelson interferometer scheme with wave front division, the difference  of paths length and the ray deflection angles are linearly dependent on the ratio of the device speed to the speed of light .These additional dependences are determined by the collinearity of the reflected rays and the speed of the observer's movement, in contrast to their perpendicularity in the interferometer with the division of the wave front amplitude. As a result of the comparison of the parameters in the reference system associated with the interferometer, it is concluded from their significance that the use of frequency changes, the width of the reflected rays in the interferometer with amplitude division, and the wave front interferometer, the difference in the path lengths  of the rays, frequency, angle of deflection and the width of the reflected rays is preferable.


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Author Biography

Volodymyr M. Svishch, National Aerospace University "Kharkiv Aviation Institute"

17, Chkalova St., Kharkiv, 61070, Ukraine



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How to Cite
Svishch, V. (2018). ABOUT THE INFORMATIVE PARAMETERS OF MICHELSON INTERFEROMETERS WITH THE DIVISION OF AMPLITUDE AND THE WAVE FRONT. East European Journal of Physics, 5(3), 24-31. https://doi.org/10.26565/2312-4334-2018-3-03