Severe multiple trauma: analysis of multistage tactic of treatment
Introduction. The main directions of intensive care in the acute polytrauma period are based on the principles of Damage control surgery, Damage control resusсitation, Damage control orthopedics. The purpose of work was to analyze the results of the diagnosis, treatment, surgical correction stages, deadlines final stabilization of bone fragments. Materials and methods. A retrospective study was carried out on history of 32 patients suffering from polytrauma which was accompanied by massive blood loss (30-40% deficiency of blood volume) and was characterized by combination of injuries. Clinical and laboratory parameters, stages according to Damage сontrol (DC) tactic, results of treatment were analyzed. Results. The results of diagnosis and treatment were analyzed in 20 (62.5%) males and 12 (37.5%) women, whose average age was 35.22 ± 12.7 years. The severity of injuries graded by the ISS scale was 26.84 ± 4.1. The level of consciousness by the GCS was 13,5 ± 0,5 points. In assessing the severity scale for patients with APACHE II was 14,97 ± 2,78 points. The degree of blood loss in the surveyed group corresponded to the III class according to the classification of the American college of surgeons and amounted to 35.21 ± 4.52% of the blood volume. Hemodynamic signs of hypovolemia were registered in all patients, and 25% needed vasopressor support. A total of 140 operations were performed in several stages. Оn the first day were performed 114 operations in order to stop the bleeding and temporary immobilization of the limbs. On the 2-14 days were performed 26 operations due to deferred indicators. Conclusion. this question need to further study of intensive care and development of criteria for the sequence and timing of multistage surgical correction in order to optimize treatment and reduce complications.
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