Threat of hiv infection for public health: 40 years of confrontation
Introduction. HIV infection is a very dangerous disease and due to the lack of specific prevention methods and effective treatment methods leads to early disability or death. Now this problem is actual for every state, especially for ours, because Ukraine has the highest rate of the epidemic in Europe, therefore, humanity is alarmed by what is happening to the country, which is located in the center of Europe. If this disease is not stopped, the threat of a demographic, economic and social crisis will also increase for other states.
Aim – the study of epidemiological features and reasons for the further spread of HIV infection in Ukraine according to open sources of medical statistics in Ukraine and other countries of the world.
Results. The article provides data on the study of the problem of the global spread of HIV infection, which has not lost its relevance over the past 40 years. Detailed official statistical information on the social significance of the prevalence of HIV infection in our country and in the world has been provided. The main measures for the prevention of this disease, which is the most dangerous for adolescents, are given. A characteristic feature of the current stage of the spread of infection is that transmission and infection are associated with populations including children of HIV-infected people, members of their families and victims of violations of safety standards in certain medical institutions. Numerous "secondary risk groups" are formed, the emergence of which has a completely social nature.
Conclusions. Nowadays, it is understood that diseases that are dangerous to society, such as HIV infection, are phenomena in the fight against which exclusively medical measures are ineffective. Solution to the problem of HIV infection should be a priority of state policy; it should be aimed, first of all, at preventive and elucidating work with young people, who are, without exaggeration, the main risk group. The authors substantiated the need to strengthen control by state institutions and to develop and implement a system of special measures to protect the rights and legitimate interests of citizens and society to preserve the national security of Ukraine.
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