Ukrainian Sociological Journal <p style="font-weight: 400;">The journal is the official scientific and informational&nbsp;edition&nbsp;of the Sociological Association of Ukraine.</p> <p style="font-weight: 400;">The Ukrainian Sociological Journal publishes the&nbsp;original research articles in all fields of sociology, based on&nbsp;profound theoretical and empirical studies of contemporary Ukrainian society, made by the&nbsp;flagship&nbsp;Ukrainian and foreign scientists.</p> <p>A special attention is given to presentation of young researchers' findings and the scientific life of the regional branches of the Sociological Association of Ukraine.</p> <p style="font-weight: 400;">&nbsp;The Ukrainian Sociological Journal&nbsp;is a specialized edition in sociology (Order of the Ministry of education and science of Ukraine from 02.07.2020, No. 886)</p> <p style="font-weight: 400;">The journal is a professional (specialized) edition in the sphere of sociological sciences.</p> V. N. Karazin Kharkiv National University en-US Ukrainian Sociological Journal 2077-5105 Transformation of Sociology: Necessity and Perspectives <p>The article analyzes the relevance, factors and prospects of the transformation of modern sociological science. It is noted that digital technologies significantly change the fundamental foundations of social interaction, most everyday social practices, structures and conflicts. This poses a number of serious challenges to sociology as a science. It is emphasized that it is time to think deeply not only about the problem of transformation of what sociology studies, but also about the transformation of sociology itself as a specific intellectual practice. Attention is focused on the need for sociological analysis and interpretation of large-scale and long-term social processes, changes in the traditional way of sociology's participation in the formation of state social policy and the implementation of social reforms. Endogenous factors hindering the leadership of sociological science in the modern public intellectual discourse are identified, namely: fragmentation of sociology, its division into a huge number of directions, particular, local thematizations; lack of research attention of sociologists to the fundamental problems of social life; modern sociology does not form an agenda for public intellectual discourse and scientific research, does not define the problematic field of research and interpretation both at the microsocial level and at the level of societal and global phenomena; it is not socially engaged, does not engage in dialogic interaction with various groups of the public, does not help them to realize their values, interests and problems, to fight for their solution; sociologists do not show activity in related research areas (for example, such as social communications, public relations, advertising, marketing, political consulting, conflict studies), do not use for this a rich arsenal of sociological theoretical concepts, quantitative and qualitative methods; despite the mediatization of social life, sociology is not sufficiently media-based, it is extremely weakly present in the media space. A conclusion is formulated about the need to transform sociological thinking and sociological imagination, the need for serious changes in the educational programs of professional training of students, in particular their practical component, the search for new formats of professional communication.</p> Vil Bakirov Copyright (c) 2022 Ukrainian Sociological Journal 2021-12-29 2021-12-29 26 9 15 10.26565/2077-5105-2021-26-01 Corruption in Ukraine and the World as a Trigger for the Weakening of the State <p>The article analyzes corruption as an extra-legal phenomenon that destroys the morality and values of society, threatens democracy and human rights, deforms the functions of state power, discrediting it both within the country and in the international arena. It is noted that the formation of dysfunctions in the sphere of public administration is not the main socio-political danger of corruption.The threat of "corrosion" and gradual destruction of social ties in the system of state regulation, public control and the functioning of social institutions is creating. The sociological and legal interpretation of corruption made it possible to study it as a trigger that weakens statehood, to reveal the social mechanism of the influence of corruption ties on state institutions, to assess the political, economic, legal, socio-structural and psychological factors of its spread. The authors characterize foreign and domestic “models” of corruption and ways of counteracting it from the standpoint of the ontological approach; she also has identified social markers that reflect its specificity in Ukraine; a real assessment of the degree of effectiveness of anti-corruption actions in Ukraine are presented; the expediency of analyzing corruption in the international aspect, especially the mechanisms, forms and methods of Ukrainian corruption spreading in the world corruption services and the penetration of transnational corruption into the Ukrainian political and economic space; it is also revealed the effect of the social mechanism of corruption in the structure of the state, as a result of which the process of state regulation loses its morality and social value. It is shown that the stable, actively "mutating", adaptive to the majority of social changes, the nature of corruption in Ukraine does not only forms and reproduces the tolerant attitude of government and a significant part of the public, but it also actively inhibits democratic transformations and deforms the public consciousness of Ukrainians. It is emphasized that "salus populi" is the most pragmatic option among the systemic models of fighting corruption (totalitarian, authoritarian, liberal).</p> Liudmyla Herasina Viktoriia Pohribna Copyright (c) 2022 Ukrainian Sociological Journal 2021-12-29 2021-12-29 26 16 26 10.26565/2077-5105-2021-26-02 Volunteering Under Institutional and Structural Change: Genesis and Agent Influences <p>The genesis of volunteering as a source of social agency in conditions of social tension and crisis situations shifts research attention from considering volunteering as an activity that supports the work of official structures, to considering it as a self-sufficient activity in solving urgent problems facing society in situations of social instability and institutional instability. As a research perspective, the complexity paradigm is chosen, which offers a view of social processes through the prism of nonlinear system dynamics. The basis of the conceptual framework of the study - the allocation of the two mechanisms of social change – organizational and self-organizational. The processes of social self-organization reveal themselves in the crisis moments of the life of society through the activities of powerful volunteer communities, which become agents of change due to their emergence. The characteristics of such a volunteer community are their attractiveness, procedurality and specific hierarchy, which has a leadership basis. The genesis of the community of volunteers is viewed in the context of socio-structural changes. Using the example of the interaction of volunteers with the communities of internally displaced persons and combatants, it is shown that the communities of donors and recipients are interconnected in their own development. The features of the dynamics of volunteering agency in crisis conditions are determined, which depend on the ratio of self-organizing and organizational mechanisms at different stages of crisis situations. Since the beginning of the crisis, self-organizing structures have been active independent agents, however, as the institutional component strengthens, the initiative to restore public order is gradually shifting to organizational structures and the role of agency in self-organizing structures decreases. A decrease in the energy potential of a volunteering agency is associated with internal restructuring and adaptation of communities that arose at the time of the crisis and were the main recipients of assistance. However, this potential can recover quickly against the background of new challenges (eg pandemic) and unwillingness to respond to the situation by the organizational structures.</p> Lubov Bevzenko Olena Zlobina Copyright (c) 2022 Ukrainian Sociological Journal 2021-12-29 2021-12-29 26 27 38 10.26565/2077-5105-2021-26-03 The Essence and Features of Democracy in the Interpretation of A. de Tocqueille <p>The article analyzes the backbone markers of democracy identified by A. Tocqueville against the background of a comparison of aristocratic systems and effective democracy. The essential signs of democratic transformations are presented: a gradual but noticeable increase in the material well-being of an average citizen; effective central government with effective local self-government and significant influence on their decisions of universal human values; public opinion as one of the full-fledged branches of power; a quantitatively limited apparatus of officials/civil servants, as accessible as possible for communication with the population; lack of connection between an ascending political career and personal enrichment; subordination of citizens not to an official, but to the current legislation; education of patriotism by involving as many citizens as possible in the government of the country; mass will expressing with the help of political rights and freedoms. It is noted that such signs, according to A. Tocqueville, include the absence of political censorship, the presence of freedom of speech; the unimportance of the political struggle against the background of solving, first of all, the problems of the country's material life support; public activity; enlightenment of the people; respect for production work; intensive communication within the country with the help of a developed social infrastructure; constant formation of new goals of social development, as well as a permanent desire for their implementation; psychological youth of the average person; optimistic outlook on the future; dynamism of professional opinion regarding the solution of social problems; the rule of law, the equality of all citizens before the law; opportunities for citizens, thanks to the results of their own work, to compete for social success on an equal footing. It is emphasized that the “enemies” of democracy, according to A. Tocqueville, are unlimited, uncontrolled power; desire for its usurpation; use of excessive force; despotism, which is especially harmful to the production of material wealth; political absenteeism; social apathy; inaction; destructive traditionalism; the authority of the individual, associated only with hereditary status and wealth. The attention is focused on one of the paradoxes of A. Tocqueville, in which he saw the advantage of the democratic process. According to the philosopher, among the ruled there are many outstanding people who, as a result of the processes of electoral democracy, for some reason did not find themselves in the circle of the elite. It is emphasized that A. Tocqueville explained this by a wide range of available opportunities for personal self-realization outside of a political career. At the same time, the coming to power of an average person, according to the thinker, contributes to the growth of mass education, social activity, social responsibility, and rational thinking on a societal scale. All this forms a huge public energy for positive socio-political and economic changes. Particular attention is paid to the mutual influence of political freedom and economic prosperity, recorded by A. Tocqueville.</p> Vadym Nikolenko Copyright (c) 2022 Ukrainian Sociological Journal 2021-12-29 2021-12-29 26 39 49 10.26565/2077-5105-2021-26-04 (Dis)trust, (un)sefety and Cohesion: Discourses of Vaccinations in Ukraine <p>The article is devoted to the analysis of vaccination discourses as ways of constructing and transforming social reality. Vaccination is considered, firstly, as a direction of state policy in the social and medical sphere; secondly, as a basis for realizing a legitimizing identity or constructing a resistance identity. Based on M. Castells’ concept of identity and the theory of discourse by E. Laclos and C. Mouffe, two discourses are distinguished that coexist in an antagonistic struggle – "for" (support) and "against" (resistance) to vaccination. The state is the main subject of the formation of the discourse for vaccination, constructing a legitimizing identity. The nodal points of this discourse are analyzed in the sphere of the regulatory law, particularly, in the Roadmap for COVID-19 Vaccines. This discourse is constructed on the nodal points of <em>inclusion</em> (being vaccinated means "being included" and having access to certain benefits), <em>trust</em> (in health care system and the vaccines), <em>safety</em> (both on the individual and national levels). The discourse "against" vaccination, which is the basis for the formation of the resistance identity, is characterized by the absence of the main subject of its construction. The channels of its objectification through which the media act becomes more significant than the status of the discourse constructing subjects. The nodal points of this discourse are analyzed in the context of new media – Ukrainian-language publications of the online media in Ukraine – as a space of the "culture of freedom" that creates the basis for the transition from mass communications to mass self-communications. Such discourse is constructed on interconnected nodal points of <em>distrust</em> and <em>unsafety</em> (the formation of scientific and medical doubts, discrediting the quality of vaccines, direct or indirect articulation of the sign of death). This study has recorded the exceptional significance of distrust as a point of catalyzing other nodal points and signs. The construction of discourses of support and resistance to vaccination occurs according to different algorithms: if, in the field of discourse struggle, the articulation of the point of distrust is sufficient for the dominance of the discourse of resistance, then for the discourse of support for vaccination it is necessary to construct various signs and nodal points to reproduce the positions of its dominance. It is obviously that public policy should provide for the meaningful integration of the nodal points of security and trust, as well as the construction of a new nodal point of rallying, which should be articulated not only in the legal framework, but also in the plurality of discourse fields that form the discourse of support for vaccination (speech officials, communications from the responsible authorities and generally within the vaccination information campaign).</p> Olga Filippova Oleksandra Deineko Copyright (c) 2022 Ukrainian Sociological Journal 2021-12-29 2021-12-29 26 50 62 10.26565/2077-5105-2021-26-05 Influence of the Coronavirus Pandemic on the Development of Higher Education: Expert Opinion <p>The article examines the opinion of international experts on the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the transformation of the higher education sector. Analyzed the data presented in publications that were posted on the international news resource University World News from 1st of March to 15th of October 2020 in the "coronavirus crises" section. It is noted that the most discussed topic is the strategy for the future development of higher education (26% of the analyzed texts were devoted to strategic issues). Attention is focused on the fact that the pandemic revealed that the concept of direct learning is not adapted to crisis situations like the COVID-19 pandemic (despite its undoubted advantages) when teachers and students do not have the opportunity to communicate directly in the classroom. It is emphasized that, despite the variability of experts' opinions on the future for the development of higher education in a global context there are significantly fewer negative assessments than could be expected: 33% of experts positively assess the changes in higher education initiated by the pandemic, suggest considering the pandemic crisis as a catalyst that accelerates solving existing problems, in particular the need to form a new vision of the strategic development of the education sector taking into account the future advantages of distance and online forms of education. The topic of financing turned out to be the most painful. Most experts negatively assess the prospects associated with a significant decrease in public funding without which it is difficult for universities to survive not only in the crisis conditions of the pandemic but also in the post-covid future. Insufficient funding has led to the reduction amount of&nbsp; teachers which will subsequently harm the entire system of higher education because it is the teachers who must fill the courses built in the format of augmented learning with content, develop an appropriate pedagogical design and accompany students in the educational process.</p> Olga Kyslova Marko Aharkov Copyright (c) 2022 Ukrainian Sociological Journal 2021-12-29 2021-12-29 26 63 74 10.26565/2077-5105-2021-26-06 Post-military transit of the identity of ATO/OOS participants: factor conditioning <p>У статті розглянуто процес постмілітарного транзиту ідентичності українських учасників бойових дій у зоні проведення АТО/ООС. Акцентовано на особливостях транзиту та чинниках, які впливають на його характер, з огляду на аналітичні категорії феноменологічного конструктивізму П. Бергера та Т. Лукмана, а також теорію А. Щюца. Особливу увагу зосереджено на соціологічній концептуалізації феномену мілітарної ідентичності учасників АТО/ООС. Проаналізовано зміст понять «постмілітарний транзит ідентичності» та «мілітарна ідентичність» та співвідношення відповідних феноменів. На основі аналізу та переосмислення ідей А. Щюца, П. Бергера та Т. Лукмана, а також визначення ключових чинників і суб’єктів, які впливають на постмілітарний транзит ідентичності учасників АТО/ООС, концептуалізовано феномени мілітарної ідентичності та постмілітарного транзиту ідентичності.Підкреслено, що мілітарна ідентичність конструюється у процесі комунікації учасників взаємодії. Зазначено, що специфічні практики, набуті внаслідок участі в бойових діях, постають у життєвому світі учасника АТО/ООС в якості прихованого знання, що відтворюється поза межами армійського середовища та стає дієвим способом конструювання реальності. Виокремлено такі групи учасників АТО/ООС, як громадяни, що обрали військову службу як професію; мобілізовані до лав Збройних Сил України (ЗСУ) чи Міністерства Внутрішніх Справ (МВС) (6 хвиль мобілізації протягом 2014-2015 рр); а також добровольці, що брали участь у складі батальйонів та інших збройних формувань, що не входять до лав діючої армії України. Висунуто тезу про те, що постмілітарний транзит ідентичності представників зазначених груп буде відрізнятися через різний досвід рекрутингу до лав Збройних сил чи інших збройних формувань України, відмінності умов перебування в зоні бойових дій тощо. Визначено ключові чинники, що впливають на постмілітарний транзит ідентичності учасників бойових дій, конструюючи та реконструюючи мілітарну ідентичність, а саме: контраст повсякденності в зоні бойових дій та повсякденності мирного життя, повернення до комфорту, зверхнє ставлення учасників АТО/ООС до цивільних осіб, зміна ціннісних орієнтацій, відмінність у сприйнятті образів конфлікту, сім’я та військове братерство. Підкреслено, що представлені в роботі теоретичні положення, узагальнення та висновки, а також авторські гіпотези можуть бути використані при подальших науково-практичних студіях зазначеної та дотичних тематик, а також для розробки державних програм соціальної інтеграції учасників бойових дій до умов мирного життя.</p> Polina Romanenko Copyright (c) 2022 Ukrainian Sociological Journal 2021-12-29 2021-12-29 26 75 83 10.26565/2077-5105-2021-26-07