https://periodicals.karazin.ua/uahistory/issue/feed V. N. Karazin Kharkiv National University Bulletin ‘History of Ukraine. Ukrainian Studies: Historical and Philosophical Sciences’ 2022-12-04T23:01:54+00:00 Pototskyi V. P. ukrstudies@karazin.ua Open Journal Systems https://periodicals.karazin.ua/uahistory/article/view/2227-6505-2022-34 Appropriation of Mykola Kostomarov’s didactic ideas: methods of mobilization of emotions of popular historical publications readers at the turn of the 19th-20th centuries 2022-11-29T23:55:05+00:00 Victoria Voloshenko antgrej@gmail.com <p><em>At</em> <em>the turn of the 19<sup>th</sup>-20<sup>th</sup> centuries, agents of historical education faced the problem of choosing the ways to convey scientific knowledge to the lay public. One of the approaches of didactic research was associated with the attempts to mobilize the recipients emotionally.</em></p> <p><strong><em>The purpose</em></strong><em> of the article is to study the appropriation of M. Kostomarov's didactic ideas among authors and critics of popular publications with an emphasis on their choice of repertoire of influence techniques on the emotions of the readers from the people.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Methodology</em></strong><em>. The analysis is carried out in the theoretical framework of the concepts of "emotional mobilization" (M. Sher) and "we-feeling" (K. Bareiter).</em></p> <p><strong><em>Scientific novelty</em></strong><em>. The article considers educational practices based on the ideas of M. Kostomarov and aimed at mobilizing the emotions of the readers of popular</em></p> <p><strong><em>Conclusions</em></strong><em>. Appropriation of the techniques of influence on the imagination of the readers, used by M. Kostomarov, could be conscious and subconscious, occur directly or indirectly. Against the background of increasing politicization of public life and differentiation of the syncretic scope of historical "folk literature", there appeared requirements to localize the use of these techniques primarily for the development of historical fiction, as well as to reduce their use in didactic and popular science works. Methods of artistic influence on readers were used in various combinations. Their use allowed to project the expected emotions, and, as a result, to popularize scientific facts and evoke patriotic "we-feelings". The same techniques could contribute to the formation of different identities. The identification direction of the "we-feelings" depended on the cultural values embedded in the texts.</em></p> <p><em>historical literature.&nbsp;</em></p> 2022-11-29T23:29:50+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 V. N. Karazin Kharkiv National University Bulletin ‘History of Ukraine. Ukrainian Studies: Historical and Philosophical Sciences’ https://periodicals.karazin.ua/uahistory/article/view/21022 «Mykola Kostomarov’s pilgrimage to the Pochayiv Lavra». Correspondence and memoirs 2022-11-29T23:55:07+00:00 Olexander Bulyha olexa_b@ukr.net <p><strong><em>Objective:</em></strong><em> based on correspondence and memoirs, to explore the work of a professional historian who uses the region of his temporary habitation, in order to collect materials for his own research interests.</em></p> <p><strong><em>The research methodology</em></strong><em> is based on the principles of historicism, objectivity, systematization, religious impartiality, and worldview pluralism. This made it possible to consider the processes that took place in the Pochaiv Monastery and were caused by state-political and religious-confessional changes, which were reflected in the historical progress of this Volyn monastery.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Scientific novelty.</em></strong><em> The stay of a scientist and a Christian&nbsp; in&nbsp; the&nbsp; largest&nbsp; monastery of the region, which attracted a researcher as a historical object and a pilgrim, as a Christian monastery, was analyzed. The past is presented universally: a) in the context of the profession of a scientist who visits historical sites, studies&nbsp; various sources, collects oral evidence, folklore materials; b) from point of view of a pilgrim traveler who honors monastic shrines, observes&nbsp; the&nbsp; peculiarities&nbsp; of monastic life, the psychology of the inhabitants of the monastery, notes&nbsp; the&nbsp; presence of other Christian objects in the orbit of monastic activity.</em></p> <p><strong><em>The urgency</em></strong><em> stems from the tasks of comprehensive study of the past of Ukrainian monasteries&nbsp;- centers of spirituality, education, culture and art. The urgency is also conditioned due to the contribution of Pochaiv monastery in the process of creating national cultural heritage. The&nbsp; state&nbsp; of&nbsp; the&nbsp; research&nbsp; of&nbsp; the problems of the Pochayiv Monastery requires in-depth&nbsp; study&nbsp; of&nbsp; issues&nbsp; related to various aspects of the functioning of the largest Christian monastery in Volyn.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Conclusions.</em></strong><em> Mykola Kostomarov memoirs and correspondence about his stay in the Pochaiv Monastery,which reflect the life of the monastery after Volhynia became part of Russia,allow us to understand the confessional atmosphere in the newly annexed territories. They are a kind&nbsp; of&nbsp; source&nbsp; that will&nbsp; help&nbsp; novice&nbsp; scholars&nbsp; to&nbsp; understand&nbsp; the diversity of the historian s work, which&nbsp; is&nbsp; based&nbsp; on&nbsp; the&nbsp; documentary&nbsp; diversity of the era they are studying. Continuation&nbsp; of&nbsp; the search&nbsp; for&nbsp; and&nbsp; elaboration of new materials related to the biography of Mykola Kostomarov will further reveal the scientific potential of this person, will&nbsp; complement&nbsp; the&nbsp; knowledge about his achievements in the field of historiography.</em></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2022-11-29T23:31:04+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 V. N. Karazin Kharkiv National University Bulletin ‘History of Ukraine. Ukrainian Studies: Historical and Philosophical Sciences’ https://periodicals.karazin.ua/uahistory/article/view/21023 The Mukachevo Basilian hegumen, historian, and writer Anatolii Kralytskyi’s OSBM (1835–1894) activity for popularizing of Mykola Kostomarov’s heritage 2022-12-04T22:59:52+00:00 Volodymyr Moroz moroz.volodymyr@ucu.edu.ua <p><em><strong>The research aim</strong></em><em>&nbsp;is to investigate knowledge of Mykola Kostomarov’s works by Fr&nbsp;Anatolii Kralytskyi, a historian, ethnographer, journalist, writer, and hegumen at the Mukachevo Basilian monastery in 1869–1894. The author analyses Kralytskyi’s learning of Kostomarov’s ideas and describes hegumen’s activity in popularizing them.</em></p> <p><em><strong>Research methodology.</strong></em><em> The article uses the methods of intellectual history to discuss Kostomarov’s heritage influence on Kralytskyi, the prominent historian and journalist of the Basilian Order of St. Josaphat and the Mukachevo Eparchy in the second part of the XIX century.</em></p> <p><em><strong>Scientific novelty.</strong></em><em> For the first time in historiography, Volodymyr Moroz compares the works of Kostomarov and Kralytskyi with insights into the Basilian intellectual </em><em>activity to describe his learning ideas of the outstanding historian. The author defines Kralytskyi’s appreciation of Kostomarov’s heritage and his work to transmit some</em></p> <p><em><strong>Conclusions.</strong></em><em> The author found that Anatolii Kralytskyi could read works and learn the ideas of Mykola Kostomarov concerning Ukrainian history and the national question. Firstly, the monk published his texts in the periodical literature of Galicia already in the early 1860s, where Kostomarov’s texts were simultaneously published. For the second, in 1875, Kralytskyi received a set of Kostomarov’s books from Mykhailo Drahomanov. Kostomarov’s arguments had become so attractive to Basilian that he publicly declared Kostomarov was the most significant historian of his time. The article ascertains that Kralytskyi used Kostomarov’s ideas to strengthen his arguments. He did so while being included in transmitting the Ukrainian population from the archaic “Old-Ruthenian” identity to the new one.</em><em> At the same time, the author explains, these significant changes included a Russophillian stage in the Galicia and Zakarpattia.</em></p> <p><em>&nbsp; notions to readers of his texts in the Galicia and Zakarpattia regions.</em></p> 2022-11-29T23:31:48+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 V. N. Karazin Kharkiv National University Bulletin ‘History of Ukraine. Ukrainian Studies: Historical and Philosophical Sciences’ https://periodicals.karazin.ua/uahistory/article/view/21025 Creating «Teple misto platform»: how NGOS form Ivano-Frankivsk urban space 2022-11-29T23:55:11+00:00 Victoria Nesterenko viktoria.nesterenko@karazin.ua <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong></p> <p><strong><em>Purpose of the article.</em></strong><em> The article is devoted to the important topic: the impact of NGOs on the creating of urban space. We focused on the case of the Charity Organization Teple Misto Platform (which means “Warm City”) in Ivano-Frankivsk. This city is one of the province Ukrainian one where live about 200 000 people. However, with the help of initiative people who united around NGOs it became a progressive pleasant for investment city with creative projects and remarkable possibilities for the citizens.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Methodologically,</em></strong><em> the study is based on Actor Network Theory the process of forming the urban space was investigate as the result of interaction different actors including NGO. From the point of view that every city has his own logic of development, “Teple Misto Platform” became an important element in the network, which form Ivano-Frankivsk urban space. The actor-network theory urges us to observe the principle of symmetry and consider the influence of different actors equally.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Academic originality. </em></strong><em>The role of the non-government organizations in Ukrainian city has not traced correctly according to the real level of their influence. Many authors mixed the political parties and NGOs ignoring their differences and main points. However last searching (for example, by Zagoriy Foundation) showed the increasing role of NGOs in the Ukrainian society.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Conclusions. </em></strong><em>During the research, we observed how important it is to have a common platform that acts as a ground and support for other, smaller initiatives. It is shown how from the activities of a few activists a force grows that is able to influence the formation of the development strategy of the entire city. This case and experience could be use with other cities from all over the world.</em></p> 2022-11-29T23:32:31+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 V. N. Karazin Kharkiv National University Bulletin ‘History of Ukraine. Ukrainian Studies: Historical and Philosophical Sciences’ https://periodicals.karazin.ua/uahistory/article/view/21026 The beginning of football infrastructure development in Lviv and Kharkiv: common and.different in the knowledge to this branch of sport (late XIX – early XX century) 2022-11-29T23:55:12+00:00 Dmytro Mykolenko dmykolenko@karazin.ua <p><em>Infrastructure is one of the main components of football industry today. Grounds, sports complexes and stadiums with stands for spectators, sporting goods stores, museums of various teams and clubs are important. These buildings began to appear in Central-Eastern Europe in the late ХІХ and early ХХ&nbsp;centuries. </em></p> <p><strong><em>Purpose.</em></strong><em> The purpose of this study is comparison of knowledge transfer about football infrastructure in Lviv and Kharkiv. </em></p> <p><strong><em>Research methodology. </em></strong><em>We understand concept of "transfer of knowledge" as a transfer of technologies developed in Western Europe to the football infrastructure of Lviv and Kharkiv with their implementation in the construction of appropriate sports facilities.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Scientific novelty.</em></strong> <em>In this work, for the first time, </em><em>we </em><em>made to compare the process of knowledge transfer about football infrastructure in two non-port cities – Lviv and Kharkiv, which were part of two different empires – Austria-Hungary and Russia. This makes it possible to clarify the factors that determined the specifics of the specified process, as well as to establish common features of the dissemination of information about the rules for arranging stadiums and football fields.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Conclusions</em></strong><em>. In the largest city of Slobozhanshchyna, foreigners who worked at one of the factories created football ground. British and Belgians used his knowledge that they had received in their homeland. Even then, Kharkiv football fans used it as example for building their own playgrounds. In Lviv, the initiative to start sports infrastructure belonged to local residents. They were represented by sports clubs and educational institutions. An important way to spread knowledge about the development of football infrastructure in Lviv was the publication of brochures on this topic. In the late ХІХ – early ХХ&nbsp;century they were published in Polish and Ukrainian. We don’t see these practices in Kharkiv. </em></p> <p><em>&nbsp;</em></p> 2022-11-29T23:33:53+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 V. N. Karazin Kharkiv National University Bulletin ‘History of Ukraine. Ukrainian Studies: Historical and Philosophical Sciences’ https://periodicals.karazin.ua/uahistory/article/view/21027 Ravenna letters of Fedir Schmit from the collection of manuscripts of the Central Library of the V. N. Karazin Kharkiv National University 2022-12-04T23:01:54+00:00 Maryna Domanovska marina.domanovska@karazin.ua Iryna Kononenko koniryna@gmail.com <p><strong><em>Purpose of the article.</em></strong><em> The article represents an analysis and publication of the letters of Kharkiv University professor Fedir Shmit (1877–1937?) held in the manuscript collection of the Central Academic Library of V.&nbsp;N.&nbsp;Karazin Kharkiv National University.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Methodologically,</em></strong><em> the study is based on the principles of historicism and objectivity and employs a variety of special historical methods, including chronological, comparative, and the method of internal and external source criticism.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Academic originality.</em></strong><em> Fedir Shmit’s letters to his fiancée Pavla Shper from the library of V.&nbsp;N.&nbsp;Karazin Kharkiv National University, dating to March&nbsp;1904, are published for the first time. The author analyzes the contents of the scholar’s personal correspondence and the importance of his study of Byzantine artifacts and monuments in Ravenna, undertaken in March&nbsp;1904, for his subsequent work.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Conclusions.</em></strong><em> The article outlines the significance of Fedir Shmit’s letters from the CAL collection both for reconstructing the scholar’s biography and for assessing his contribution to Byzantinology. Personal correspondence throws light on Shmit’s study of Byzantine remains in Ravenna, the results of which are presented in the works of his Kharkiv period. The author deciphers the letters and provides commentary on individual fragments. The article represents the first publication of Fedor Shmidt’s manuscript legacy preserved in Kharkiv’s libraries and archives.</em></p> 2022-11-29T23:34:33+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 V. N. Karazin Kharkiv National University Bulletin ‘History of Ukraine. Ukrainian Studies: Historical and Philosophical Sciences’ https://periodicals.karazin.ua/uahistory/article/view/21028 Book masterpieces of Mykola Semenovych Samokysh in the Central Scientific Library Karazin University 2022-11-29T23:55:15+00:00 Natalia Prots prots77natahsa@ukr.net <p><em>The article analyzes the illustrated book editions of the cultural and artistic heritage of the outstanding Ukrainian artist Mykola Semenovych Samokysh, which are stored in the Central Scientific Library.</em></p> <p><strong><em>The purpose</em></strong><em> <strong>of the study </strong>is to study and disclose books and periodicals illustrated by the artist M.&nbsp;S.&nbsp;Samokish. The artist's paintings are stored in many museum collections in Ukraine and Russia and in galleries of various collectors, and graphic works, books and magazines decorated with artistic illustrations enrich the funds of many libraries. The Central Scientific Library of Karazin University preserves unique editions of the artist, which are currently a bibliographic rarity.</em></p> <p><strong><em>The methodological basis</em></strong><em> <strong>of the study</strong> is the problem-chronological method, which allowed to trace the sequence of origin, formation and development of creative activity of M.&nbsp;S&nbsp;Samokish. This method allowed to study and analyze a specific creative work of an illustrator in a certain period of time.</em></p> <p><strong><em>The scientific novelty</em></strong><em> <strong>of the</strong> research lies in the coverage of book-illustrative publications from the fund of the Central Scientific Library. This allows you to popularize the library fund </em><em>as a whole and determines its scientific, cultural and historical value. A specific bibliological study reveals the personal contribution of M.&nbsp;S.&nbsp;Samokysh to the development of book art in Ukraine.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Conclusions.</em></strong><em> M.&nbsp;S.&nbsp;Samokysh is known, above all, as an excellent master of the battle genre, for which he was awarded silver and gold medals and awarded the title of Academician of the Academy of Arts.</em></p> <p><em>Also, it should be noted that M.&nbsp;S.&nbsp;Samokysh took part in the preparation and creation of albums on Ukrainian art. This is a famous art publication "From Ukrainian antiquity" in 1900 and a rare album "Motives of Ukrainian ornament", which was published in the early XX century.</em></p> <p><em>The vast majority of Samokish's works were performed in his favorite battle genre. Thus, the result of Nikolai Semenovich's trip to the front of the Russo-Japanese War was the album "War 1904-1905: From the Diary of an Artist" published in 1908. . The magazine "The Great War in Images and Pictures 1914–1915" of 1915 included the artist's front-line materials. Drawings and watercolors from nature, made directly on the fronts, serve as a kind of historical document of the turbulent war years.</em></p> <p><em>Of particular interest are the many illustrated books on the history of the royal army, military regiments, the coronation of the royal family and others. The historical essay on the history of the Grand Ducal and tsarist hunts in Russia and Russia is fascinating. A multi-volume study of individual regions of the Russian Empire at the end of the XIX century is quite significant.</em></p> <p><em>Artistic and graphic elements of book decoration - vignettes, letters, screensavers, endings, which worked on the painter and graphic artist M.&nbsp;S.&nbsp;Samokish, not only reveal and supplement the content of books, but also make publications real works of art.</em></p> 2022-11-29T23:35:54+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 V. N. Karazin Kharkiv National University Bulletin ‘History of Ukraine. Ukrainian Studies: Historical and Philosophical Sciences’