Human Geography Journal <p><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif; font-size: 12pt;">The «Human Geography Journal» deals with modern problems of society being solved with human geography, and displays results of the newest researches in this field. The articles of theoretical issues and practical application of the human geography researches inUkraine’s regions and in the world are published of above journal. Actuality of this scientific journal is accounted for enhancing the role of the human-geographical researches in Ukrainian and foreign practice.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: arial, helvetica, sans-serif; font-size: 12pt;">The Journal has been registered by the order of Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine No. 1643 of 28.12.2019, and included in the list of scientific specialized editions of Ukraine <strong><em>(category “B”, <span class="tlid-translation translation" lang="en"><span class="" title="">specialties 103 Geosciences, 106 Geography</span></span>).</em></strong></span></p> V.N. Karazin Kharkiv National University en-US Human Geography Journal 2076-1333 Tourism activities in the frontline areas of Sumy region: problems, opportunities and prospects <p>The Sumy region has great and significant tourism potential. Before the Russo-Ukrainian War, the region had 3,465 historical and cultural monuments, including 367 architectural and urban planning monuments (five of them of national importance). Before the war, the tourism sector was developing steadily, with new types of tourism services and the formation of tourism clusters. However, Russia's Invasion of Ukraine resulted in a significant decrease in tax revenues, which has a negative impact on tourism. The purpose of this paper is to study the peculiarities and future prospects of tourism development in the Sumy region during the war, based on data from a sociological survey conducted in five Ukrainian frontline regions in the framework of the Estonian-Ukrainian research project "Development of Ukrainian frontline communities and tourism business during the war and future strategy", which was supported by the Estonian Research Agency.</p> <p>The sociological survey was conducted online and included 25 closed and open-ended questions. Survey results were processed using Microsoft Excel 2010 and SPSS Statistics V21.0. A total of 29 respondents (20.1%) from the Sumy region participated in the sociological survey, 69% of whom live in urban areas and 31% in rural areas. Analysis of the areas of activity of the tourism respondents from the Sumy region revealed that urban respondents were more representative of tourism businesses (tour operators, travel agents, sole proprietors, etc.), while rural respondents were predominantly representatives of tourist attractions (museums, educational and recreational facilities, etc.). Responses to the following questions were analyzed: pre-war tourism activities, wartime tourism activities, changes in tourism, prospects for tourism development, threats and opportunities for tourism development, problems in the tourism sector, prospects for tourism development, and advantages in cluster cooperation.</p> Olesia Kornus Natalia Venherska Mart Reimann Anatolii Kornus Viktoriia Patsiuk Copyright (c) 2023 Олеся Корнус, Наталія Венгерська, Март Рейманн, Анатолій Корнус, Вікторія Пацюк 2023-06-01 2023-06-01 34 7 13 10.26565/2076-1333-2023-34-01 Spatial analysis of provision the population of Kharkiv with civil defense facilities <p>The article analyzed the territorial aspect of the distribution and capacity characteristics of civil defense structures in the city of Kharkiv, comparing it with the population size. In the first stage, population density was calculated for specific areas within the maximum permissible radius of the nearest available shelter. The spatial characteristics of the location (level of clustering) and capacity of the defense structures were examined for these same areas. Finally, the population size was correlated with the capacity of the civil defense structures, and spatial clustering of the identified areas was conducted based on this attribute.</p> <p>The geostatistical method of spatial interpolation was used to determine population density in specific areas and fill gaps in the primary data. The application of this method required the following sequential procedures: transforming the primary data according to a normal distribution, constructing a semivariogram model of the transformed variables, aggregating the model into a surface, and defining target polygons. During the calculation of the territorial provision of various types of shelters in the city of Kharkiv, the following sources were utilized: a layer of point objects from the interactive map of open data on the Kharkiv Geoportal (to determine the locations and types of protective structures), and information from the website of the non-commercial enterprise «Emergency Medical Care and Disaster Medicine Center» of the Kharkiv Regional Council (to update information on the capacity of storage facilities and anti-radiation shelters). The Global Moran’s Index and Local Moran’s Index are statistical methods used to assess spatial autocorrelation, which is the degree of clustering or spatial pattern in a variable across a defined area. In this case, they were employed to evaluate the spatial autocorrelation of the capacity of civil defense structures in specific parcels in Kharkiv. The Global Moran’s Index indicated a high level of clustering of areas based on this attribute. Using the Local Moran’s Index, parcels were classified into five object classes: High-High cluster (HH), Low-Low cluster (LL), a high-value outlier surrounded by low-values (HL), a low-value outlier surrounded by high-values (LH), and areas without cluster or outliers (non-significant).</p> <p>The scientific novelty of the article, compared to related studies on a similar topic, lies in the utilization and transformation of a hexagonal grid of population density distribution in the city of Kharkiv, in accordance with the research requirements. In the conclusions, based on the results of cluster analysis and through the adaptation of the tectological principle of the weakest link to the realities of the present, a comprehensive sequential strategy for addressing the shortcomings of territorial provision of civil defense structures in ensuring the population of Kharkiv was proposed.</p> Kateryna Sehida Serhii Chekhov Copyright (c) 2023 Катерина Сегіда, Сергій Чехов 2023-06-01 2023-06-01 34 14 26 10.26565/2076-1333-2023-34-02 Spatial assessment of buildings energy consumption based on three-dimensional modeling of the urban environment <p>The article deals with the application of spatial assessment of urban buildings energy consumption (EC) and analyzing the results based on the urbogeosystems approach. Assessment of buildings EC involves establishing a correlation between their EC and the relevant geometric characteristics, in particular, the buildings height and volume. The authors propose the use of remote laser scanning data (LiDAR data) for the automated extraction of these characteristics of buildings with high accuracy.</p> <p>An original approach to processing and analyzing LiDAR data using the tools of the author's web-based GIS application for the purpose of buildings extraction and modeling is presented. The extracted building models contain their exact geometric characteristics and generalized architectural properties as attributes.</p> <p>The article presents a methodology for calculating the EC of buildings, which uses their geometric information, as well as information on their age and type, which are also correlated with the buildings EC. Based on the buildings geometry obtained from LiDAR data, the indicator of their usable area (intended for heating) is determined. To estimate EC, data on the buildings EC are taken from real meter readings, which are extrapolated to the calculated indicator of the buildings usable area. A semantic table is created that corrects the calculated building EC, depending on its age and type, and determines the final energy efficiency class of the building.</p> <p>According to the above methods, three-dimensional models of buildings for the cities of Amsterdam and Eindhoven were extracted and visualized, with the color scheme applied to the buildings reflecting their energy efficiency classes. The essence of the urbogeosystemic analysis of the urban environment in the context of the urban EC study is revealed. On the basis of the obtained visualization of the spatial distribution of urban EC, certain regularities of such distribution between individual urban buildings are identified and the factors influencing the level of this indicator are determined.</p> Denys Serohin Sergiy Kostrikov Copyright (c) 2023 Денис Серьогін, Сергій Костріков 2023-06-01 2023-06-01 34 27 41 Demographic processes in the context of regional development concepts <p>The study is dedicated to analyzing the role of demographic processes in the evolution of regional development concepts. The article focuses on the most influential elements of regional development, one of which is the demographic process. The aim of the research is to identify modern theoretical approaches to economic-regional development involving demographic indicators to optimize regional policy in Ukraine. It is established that regional policy is developed under the influence of various theories that seek to legitimize the role of state intervention in national economic processes, the relationship between regions (communities) and the state, and the efficient use of productive forces. It is found that modern geographical science contains many alternative models of regional development (dynamic and spatial). The most common concepts of regional development include neoclassical, cumulative growth, regional growth, and the modern concept of regional clusters. It has been observed that concepts and approaches to regional development over time have evolved towards emphasizing the importance and utilization of human potential, experience, and knowledge as crucial elements of regional development, and research in this direction still requires further improvement and development.</p> <p>The conclusions highlight the importance of regional development in the context of demographic processes amid economic crisis. The practical significance of the obtained results lies in their potential utilization for the formulation and implementation of state economic policy. The use of a comprehensive approach in the development of regional development concepts, taking into account all factors and regularities, which potentially contributes to strengthening the development potential of the territory, can have a positive impact on population development and addressing demographic and economic crisis issues. Further research is aimed at conceptualizing the target model of modern regional development<strong>. </strong></p> Pavlo Ventsiv Copyright (c) 2023 Павло Венців 2023-06-01 2023-06-01 34 42 48 10.26565/2076-1333-2023-34-04 The influence of the natural and technical geosystem on the dynamic processes in the functioning environment of the Dniester PSPP <p>The aim is to describe the field methods for studying the impact of the Dniester PSPP natural and technical geosystem (NTGS) on dynamic processes in the environment of its operation. A comprehensive research methodology was used to analyse the field methods for studying the impact of the Dniester PSPP natural and technical geosystem on dynamic processes in the environment of its operation. The initial stage included an analysis of the results of previous scientific studies on the impact of hydraulic engineering facilities on the environment. This made it possible to take into account previous findings and identify existing knowledge in this area. Next, we carried out on-site (field) data collection, which included in-situ measurements and observations directly in the area of the research object. For this purpose, specialised data collection devices were used. Particular attention was paid to the statistical analysis of the data obtained, which allowed us to identify the relationships between various factors that affect the dynamic processes of the environment.</p> <p>In the 21st century, geography is becoming an even more important and responsible science due to the growth of global challenges, such as climate change, environmental management, population migration, and others. An integrated approach allows geographers to look at problems from different perspectives and develop comprehensive solutions. Modern technologies, such as geographic information systems (GIS), satellite imagery, remote sensing, etc., provide geographers with new opportunities for collecting, analysing and interpreting data, which helps to solve complex problems more efficiently. An example of the application of an integrated approach in studying the impact of the natural and technical geosystem of the Dniester cascade of HPPs and PSPs on dynamic processes. Scientific novelty.</p> <p>The research in the article allows us to expand the understanding of the specific problem of managing anthropogenic load in a natural and technical system. The analysis of the object being designed as a system containing two most important parts – technical and natural - makes the systems approach not a decoration, but a prerequisite for the work of a natural scientist: geographer, ecologist – an ally, an associate of the designer. Designing, creating an environment that is optimal for human life means designing such systems, structures, and technologies so that they are as closely related to the existing relationships in nature as possible.</p> Andrii Zyhar Copyright (c) 2023 Андрій Зигар 2023-06-01 2023-06-01 34 49 56 10.26565/2076-1333-2023-34-05