Ukraine towards the european digital market: the status and tools for implementing the european digital economy and society index
Ukraine’s entry into the European digital market as one of the priority directions of the state’s foreign policy actualizes the problem of introducing the global Digital Economy and Society Index (DESI), which is widely used in the EU, into the national statistical monitoring system. The article analyzes the readiness of the implementation of the DESI index in Ukraine. It has been proven that with the adoption of the laws of Ukraine “On electronic communications” and “On the National Commission carrying out state regulation in the spheres of electronic communications, radio frequency spectrum and the provision of postal services” a legal basis was created for the implementation of the DESI Index, which needs its further development in the direction of its detailing and concretization through the adoption of a set of by-laws. An organizational mechanism for the implementation of the DESI index is proposed, with the definition of a number of main subjects from state bodies and the definition of their role in the process of implementing this index, primarily the regulatory body and its tasks in the formation of the “connectivity” sub-index. The main problems of implementing the DESI Index in Ukraine are summarized and ways of solving them are proposed.
Bakumenko, L.P., Minina, E.A. (2020). International index of digital economy and society (I-DESI): trends in the development of digital technologies. Statistics and Economics, v. 17, no. 2. DOI: https://doi.org/10.21686/2500-3925-2020-2-40-54
Yerina, A.M. (2016). International ratings: statistical aspects of calculation and application. Statystyka Ukrayiny, v. 4, 66–75 [in Ukrainian].
Index of the digital economy and society – the possibility of measuring the digital economy and society in UKRAINE, REPORT February 2021. URL: https://drive.google.com/drive/folders/11BRcU5q6dTliAMELs5OMFOXiq0MrnZnC?usp=share_link [in Ukrainian].
Quarterly state statistical observation No. 14 «Report on the activity of operators, telecommunications and postal service providers» URL: https://ukrstat.gov.ua/metaopus/2020/3_03_00_01_2019.htm [in Ukrainian].
Mazurenko, O.K. (2021). Assessment of the development of the digital economy in the Baltic countries and Eastern Europe according to the DESI. International scientific discussion methodology: problems, tasks and prospects, 52, 74–80 [in Ukrainian].
Marchenko, O.I., Shramkovska, A.G. Digital economy as an environment for manifestation of competitive advantages of Ukraine. Scientific Bulletin of Mukachevo State University. Series «Economics», 7(2), 31–39 [in Ukrainian].
Methodological provisions on the organization of state statistical observation on the use of e-democracy tools by public authorities and local self-government bodies, approved by the Ukrstat’s executive order of 18.09.2019 No 307 and the Form No 1-ED (annual) approved by the Ukrstat’s executive order of 22.07.2019 no 254 “Report on the Usage of E-Democracy Tools by Public Authorities and Local Self-Government Bodies” describe the observation methodology over the coverage as total. Thereat, a legal entity is set as a unit of state statistical observation. URL: http://www.ukrstat.gov.ua/metod_polog/metod_doc/2019/307/307.pdf [in Ukrainian].
The MDT will build a Digital Economy and Society Index ecosystem in Ukraine. URL: https://thedigital.gov.ua/news/mintsifra-pobudue-ekosistemu-digital-economy-and-society-index-v-ukraini/ [in Ukrainian].
National economic strategy for the period until 2030. Database «Legislation of Ukraine». Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine. URL: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/file/text/88/f503442n31.doc [in Ukrainian].
Pizhuk, O.I. (2019). Modern methodological approaches to assessing the level of digital transformation of the economy. Businessinform, 7(2), 39–47 [in Ukrainian].
On Electronic Communications: Law of Ukraine. Database «Legislation of Ukraine». Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine. URL: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/1089-20
The Executive Order of the State Statistics Service “On Approving the Form for the State Statistical Observation No 1-ICT (annual) “Information and Communication Technologies Usage in Enterprises in 2021” dated 22.07.2020 No 224 of the form of state statistical observation No 1-ICT (annual) “Information and Communication Technologies Usage in Enterprises in 2021”. URL: http://www.ukrstat.gov.ua/norm_doc/2020/224/224_2020.htm [in Ukrainian].
About the National Commission for State Regulation in the Fields of Electronic Communications, Radio Frequency Spectrum and the Provision of Postal Services: Law of Ukraine. Database «Legislation of Ukraine». Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine. URL : https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/1971-20#n540
On official statistics: Law of Ukraine. Database «Legislation of Ukraine». Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine. URL: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/2524-20#Text
Regulation (EC) No 223/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11 March 2009 on European statistics and repealing Regulation (EC, Euratom) No 1101/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council on the transmission of data subject to statistical confidentiality to the Statistical Office of the European Communities, Council Regulation (EC) No 322/97 on Community Statistics, and Council Decision 89/382/EEC, Euratom establishing a Committee on the Statistical Programmes of the European Communities
Commission Regulation (EU) No 557/2013 of 17 June 2013 implementing Regulation (EC) No 223/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council on European Statistics as regards access to confidential data for scientific purposes and repealing Commission Regulation (EC) No 831/2002
Рішення (ЄС) 2022/2481 Європейського Парламенту та Ради від 14 грудня 2022 року про заснування Програми політики цифрового десятиліття 2030 URL: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/en/TXT/?uri=CELEX%3A32022D2481
Rudenko, M.V. (2021). Analysis of Ukraine’s positions in global indices of the digital economy. Economy and the state, 2, 11–18 [in Ukrainian].
Generic law on official statistics for Eastern Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia URL: https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/ramon/statmanuals/files/UNECE_Generic_law_2016_EN.pdf
Association Agreement between Ukraine, on the one hand, and the European Union, the European Atomic Energy Community and their member states, on the other hand. Database «Legislation of Ukraine». Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine. URL: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/984_011#Text
Communication of the EC «Shaping the Digital Future of Europe» URL : https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=CELEX:52020DC0067
Shaping Europe’s digital future. URL: https://digital-strategy.ec.europa.eu/en